1st Edition

IoT Enabled-DC Microgrids Architecture, Algorithms, Applications, and Technologies

Edited By Imed Ben Dhaou, Giovanni Spagnuolo, Hannu Tenhunen Copyright 2025
    280 Pages 11 Color & 74 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Smart grid is a new generation of power grids that is expected to enhance its reliability and reduce carbon footprint by integrating distributed resources. Microgrid technology allows the integration of renewable energies, which come in three modes: AC, DC, or hybrid. The increasing number of DC loads, the need to reduce power loss in converting DC power to AC, and the existence of DC storage units have favored the adoption of DC microgrids. The electrification of the transportation sector has further supported the adoption of DC microgrids. A DC microgrid system comprises renewable resources, DC storage elements, DC loads, and intelligent electrical devices. It has gained interest due to its efficiency, scalability, and cost-effectiveness. DC microgrids play a crucial role in powering diverse applications such as data centers, residential areas, base stations, and electric vehicle charging stations.

    This book covers the design, control, and management of DC microgrids in both islanded and grid-connected modes. It focuses on ICT infrastructure, security, sensors, embedded systems, machine learning algorithms, edge/fog computing, and the socio-economic impact.  



    1)  Architectures and Technologies for DC Microgrid

         Imed Ben Dhaou

    2)  Internet-of-Things-Based Communication in Microgrids

         Aron Kondoro and Imed Ben Dhaou

    3)  Blockchain Technology for DC Microgrids

         Sarra. Namane, Imed Ben Dhaou and Ahmim Marwa

    4)  Digital Twin Framework for Monitoring, Controlling and Diagnosis of Photovoltaic DC Microgrids

         Ana Cabrera-Tobar and Giovanni Spagnuolo

    5)  From Microgrids to Virtual Power Plants: A Cybersecurity Perspective

         Giovanni Gaggero, Diego Piserà, Paola Girdinio, Federico Silvestro and Mario Marchese

    6)   An Overview of Artificial Intelligence Driven Li-Ion Battery State Estimation

          Mohammed Hindawi, Yasir Basheer, Saeed Mian Qaisar, and Asad Waqar

    7)    Addressing Societal Challenges and Enhancing Academic Effectiveness through Challenge-Driven   Education: A Case Study in Smart Microgrid

           Diana Rwegasira, Imed Ben Dhaou, Hellen Maziku and Hannu Tenhunen


    8)   Development and Evolution of Hybrid Microgrids in the Context of Contemporary Applications

          Yasir Basheer, Saeed Mian Qaisar, and Asad Waqar

    9)   Formal Methods for Microgrids

          Moez Krichen, Imed Ben Dhaou, Wilfried Yves Hamilton Adoni and Souhir Sghaier

    10)   Direct Current Microgrids: A Business Model Perspective

            Christine Mwase



    Imed Ben Dhaou received the Ph.D. degree from Royal Institute of Technology in 2022. He is currently a Full professor in embedded systems at the Department of Computer Science, Dar Al-Hekma University and adjunct professor in Embedded Systems for IoT at the department of computing, University of Turku. He has authored and co-authored over 120 journal and conference papers, and received numerous awards, including the Best Paper Award from the 1997 Finnish Symposium on Signal Processing, travel grants from the Ph.D. Forum at DAC, Los Angeles in 2000, a publication award from Qassim University, and the Dr. Hussein Mohammed Al-Sayyed award for research. Since September 2014, Dr. Ben Dhaou has served as an editor to the Microelectronics Journal, Elsevier, and was the Guest Editor for over five four special issues in ISI journals. He has also served as TPC chair or TPC member for several conferences in his primary fields of expertise. He has held several managerial positions including director of a private university, consultant to the deanship for graduate studies at Qassim university coordinator of the scientific research committee at Unaizah college of engineering, coordinator of the center of excellence in teaching and learning at Dar Al-Hekma university, and secretary of the scientific council at Dar Al-Hekma university.  

    Giovanni Spagnuolo is Full Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Salerno, Italy, and Fellow of the IEEE. He was included in the 2015 list of Most Influential Minds published by Thomson Reuters. He is the Coordinator of the Italian PhD program “Photovoltaics”. He is Member of the Advisory Board of the IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, Associate Editor of the IEEE Open Journal of the IES and of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine.

    Hannu Tenhunen received the Diploma Engineer degree in electrical engineering and computer sciences from Helsinki University of Technology, Helsinki, Finland, in 1982 and PhD degree in microelectronics from Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, in 1986. During 1978-1982, he was with Electron Physics Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology. From 1983 to 1985, he was with Cornell University as a Fulbright Scholar. From September 1985, he was with the Signal Processing Laboratory, Tampere University of Technology, Finland, as an Associate Professor and head of department. He was also a Coordinator of the National Microelectronics Program of Finland during 1987-1991. Since January 1992, he has been with Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden, where he is a Chair Professor in the electronic system design. At KTH he was the dean of School of Information Technology 2002-2005. For period 2006-2011 he was director of Turku Centre of Computer Science (TUCS), Finland. He has been a part time invited professor at University of Turku. He has an honorary doctorate and honorary professor degrees and has received a Magnolia Silver Award and Metal from the city of Shanghai for his contributions there. His current research interests are VLSI circuits and systems for autonomic and smart systems and IoT. He has been actively involved in several EU programs on VLSI/ system-on-a-chip. He was, at European level, the education director of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology, EIT Digital, 2006-2011. He has published over 950 reviewed publications and holds 9 international patents. His google scholar number of citations is 15116 and h-index is 53.