1st Edition

Islam and Development Exploring the Invisible Aid Economy

By Matthew Clarke, David Tittensor Copyright 2014
    224 Pages
    by Routledge

    224 Pages
    by Routledge

    The study of Islam since the advent of 9/11 has made a significant resurgence. However, much of the work produced since then has tended to focus on the movements that not only provide aid to their fellow Muslims, but also have political and at times violent agendas. This tendency has led to a dearth of research on the wider Muslim aid and development scene. Focusing on the role and impact of Islam and Islamic Faith Based Organisations (FBOs), an arena that has come to be regarded by some as the 'invisible aid economy', Islam and Development considers Islamic theology and its application to development and how Islamic teaching is actualized in case studies of Muslim FBOs. It brings together contributions from the disciplines of theology, sociology, politics and economics, aiming both to raise awareness and to function as a corrective step within the development studies literature.

    Introduction: The Invisible Aid Sector
    David Tittensor and Matthew Clarke


    PART I: Islam in Development

    1 Zakat and Poverty in Islam
    Jan A. Ali

    2 The Changing Nature of Islamic Mission: The Cases of Tablighi Jama’at and the Gülen Movement
    David Tittensor

    3 Islamic International Aid Flows for Poverty Alleviation
    Matthew Clarke

    4 Development by Muslims, with Muslims and among Muslims: Prospects and Challenges for Christian Aid Agencies
    Peter Riddell

    5 Riba-Free Finance and Zakat-Induced Economic Aid: The Political Economy of Two Developmental Initiatives in the Muslim World
    Ameer Ali


    PART II: Islam in Practice

    6 Applying Islamic Finance Principles to Microfinance
    Aimatul Yumna

    7 Mobile Phones and Religion: The Case of Women Micro-Entrepreneurs in a Religious Community in Indonesia
    Misita Anwar and Graeme Johanson

    8 Religion and Post-Disaster Development
    Ismet Fanany and Rebecca Fanany

    9 Piety, Gender Relations and Muslim Women’s Empowerment: The Case of Islamic NGOs in Bangladesh
    Mohammad Musfequs Salehin

    Conclusion: Invisible Aid: Islam, Muslim NGOs and Development
    Matthew Clarke, Gerhard Hoffstaedter and David Tittensor


    Matthew Clarke is the Head of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Deakin University, Australia. He is the author of six books, including Religion and Development: Theology and Practice published in 2011. David Tittensor is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University, Australia. His research interests include the study of Muslim movements, Turkish politics and society, religion and development, and the Middle East.

    ’...with its compilation of nine thematic as well as case-based chapters, this book offers an in-depth examination of mainly non-governmental sources and structures of Islamic faith-based, or at least faith-inspired, aid and charity. Although much of it is never reflected in the donor statistics, it is nonetheless often embedded in the fabric of real society or sectors thereof. The work documents an interaction and intertwining between aid, charity and religion that, throughout history, has been more the rule than exception. As such, the practical relevance of this book goes well beyond academia, and also targets aid professionals, policy makers and development journalists.’ Bruno De Cordier, Ghent University, Belgium ’Islam and Development is, overall, a timely and compelling volume that I recommend not only to students and academics but also to professionals in aid agencies; the language is accessible to anyone and the book includes significant practical suggestions for aid agencies.’ Islam and Christian Muslim Relations