This innovative collection of essays explores the ways in which islands have been used, imagined and theorised, both by island dwellers and continentals. This study considers how island dwellers conceived of themselves and their relation to proximate mainlands, and examines the fascination that islands have long held in the European imagination.
The collection addresses the significance of islands in the Atlantic economy of the eighteenth century, the exploration of the Pacific, the important role played by islands in the process of decolonisation, and island-oriented developments in postcolonial writing.
Islands were often seen as natural colonies or settings for ideal communities but they were also used as dumping grounds for the unwanted, a practice which has continued into the twentieth century. The collection argues the need for an island-based theory within postcolonial studies and suggests how this might be constructed. Covering a historical span from the eighteenth to the twentieth century, the contributors include literary and postcolonial critics, historians and geographers.
Table of Contents
List of figures -- Notes on contributors -- Acknowledgements -- Editors' introduction -- 1 Taking history offshore: Atlantic islands in European minds, 1400-1800 /JOHN R. GILLIS -- 2 Island bounds /GILLIAN BEER -- 3 The cane-land isles': commerce and empire in late eighteenthcentury georgic and pastoral poetry /MARKMAN ELLIS -- 4 Bulama and Sierra Leone: utopian islands and visionary interiors /DEIRDRE COLEMAN -- 5 Pacific island encounters and the German invention of race /VANESSA AGNEW -- 6 Cook in Tonga: terms of trade /HARRIET GUEST -- 7 Pitcairn's 'guilty stock': the island as breeding ground /VANESSA SMITH -- 8 Abject bodies / abject sites: leper islands in the high imperial era /ROD EDMOND -- 9 Derek Walcott's Omeros: representing St Lucia, re-presenting Homer /ROGER MOSS -- 10 The island of wandering souls: processes of creolisation, politics of emancipation and the problematic of absence on Reunion Island /FRANQOISE VERGES -- 11 God save the Falklands: postcolonial geographies of the Falklands /Malvinas /KLAUS DODDS -- 12 The gilded cage: from utopia to monad in Australia's island Imaginary /ELIZABETH MCMAHON -- 13 Afterword /GREG DENING -- Bibliography -- Index.
Rod Edmond was born and grew up in New Zealand. Following graduate work at Oxford University he is currently a Reader in Nineteenth Century and Postcolonial Studies at the University of Kent. He has published on Victorian and Modernist literature, contemporary Pacific and New Zealand writing and extensively in the field of Eighteenth - Twentieth Century Colonial Discourse Studies. He is the author of Representing the South Pacific: Colonial Discourse From Cook to Gauguin (1997) and is currently completing a book on colonialism and disease, with particular reference to leprosy.
Vanessa Smith is an ARC Queen Elizabeth II Fellow in the School of English, Art History, Film and Media at the University of Sydney. She is the author of Literary Culture and the Pacific: Nineteenth-Century Textual Encounters (1998) and co-editor, with Jonathan Lamb and Nicholas Thomas, of Exploration and Exchange: A South Seas Anthology 1680-1900 (2000).