Israel's Changing Society:

Israel's Changing Society

"Population, Ethnicity, and Development", 1st Edition

By Calvin Goldscheider

Routledge

292 pages

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Hardback: 9780367009878
pub: 2018-09-18
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Description

This book provides the most up-to-date assessment of Israel's society today, portraying the country's ethnic diversity, its economy, and demographic changes. Revealing linkages between demographic transformation and socioeconomic change, Goldscheider shows how ethnic group formation emerged in Israel to create the present mix of Jewish and Arab populations. He also reviews the policies of Palestinian and Israeli governments concerning immigration, describing the ways in which socioeconomic development within Israel, urbanization, and industrialization have evolved through the use of outside capital and increasing dependency. The book reveals two unique sets of processes about Israel today. The first concerns important changes in marriage, family and intermarriage, educational attainment and occupational achievement, ethnic politics, religion, and the changing role of women. A second but related concern pertains to the social and economic contexts of community life. Here Goldscheider investigates rapid change among Israel's major urban centers, towns, and agricultural centers, including the Kibbutz as well as Arab communities. In concluding chapters, the author discusses the role of government in shaping population policy, including health, fertility, and contraceptive and abortion issues. He also describes the influence of Jewish communities outside of Israel and the impact of the Middle East conflict with Arab states on Israel's domestic policy as well as the conflict with populations in territories administered by Israel since 1967. Likely to be a standard reference for years to come, the book is essential reading for political scientists, sociologists, anthropologists, and historians concerned with Israel's politics and society.

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments -- Demography, Development, and Ethnicity -- Nation-Building, Population, and Development -- Ethnic Diversity: Jewish and Arab Populations of Israel -- The Formation of Israeli Communities -- Immigration, Nation-Building, and Ethnicity -- Arab Israelis: Demography, Dependency, and Distinctiveness -- Ecology, Settlement, and the Development of Communities -- Urbanization, Internal Migration, and Residential Intergration -- Communities: Kibbutzim, Moshavim, Development Towns, and Cities -- Forms of Inequality: Social Class, Gender, and Death -- Resources and Inequality: Education, Occupation, and Income -- Changing Roles of Israeli Women and Men -- Inequality and Mortality Decline -- Family Formation and Generational Continuities -- Marriage, Family, and Intermarriage -- The Transition to Small Family Size: The Fertility Revolution and Ethnic Convergences -- Diasporas, Dependencies, and Ethnic Continuities -- The Jewish Diaspora and Palestinians: Ethnicity and Nation-Building in the State of Israel

About the Author

Calvin Goldscheider is Professor of Sociology and the Ungerleider Professor of Judaic Studies at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. He is a Faculty Associate of the Population Studies and Training Center and formerly Chair of the Department of Sociology at Brown. Before coming to Brown University, he was Professor of Sociology and Demography at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, and Chairman of their Department of Demography. He has also held sociology faculty appointments at the University of Southern California, the University of California, Berkeley and Brandies University. He has been a Senior Fulbright Research Scholar affiliated with the Demography Unit and the Center for Women's Studies at Stockholm University, Sweden and is Visiting Professor at the Center for Women's Studies there in 2001-2002 carrying out research on immigrant families in Sweden. He graduated with Honors from Yeshiva University in New York and received his M.A. and Ph.D. from Brown University.His major research publications have focused on the sociology and demography of ethnic populations, historically and comparatively, with a particular emphasis on family and immigration. He has published extensively in these fields in the leading sociology and demography journals. He has edited several collections of original scholarly research in demography, including Population and Social Change in Israel and Population, Ethnicity, and Nation Building (a total of seven were published by Westview Press). His major authored and co-authored books include: The Population of Israel; The Ethnic Factor in Family Structure and Mobility; The Transformation of the Jews; Jewish Continuity and Change; Leaving Home Before Marriage; The Transition to Adulthood; and Cultures in Conflict .

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POL059000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / World / Middle Eastern
SOC053000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Regional Studies