Japan in the Heisei Era (1989–2019) provides a retrospective and multidisciplinary account of a society in flux. Featuring analyses from leading scholars around the globe, this textbook examines the evolving contexts of Japan throughout the Heisei era and how longstanding verities and values have been called into question. Asking what this holds for Japan’s future relations with the world and within its own communities, chapters delve beneath the layers of a complex and increasingly diverse society, exploring topics including simmering ethnonationalism, economic torpor, political stagnation, and cultural dynamics.
Features of this textbook include:
• Analysis of key social issues ranging from immigration, civil society, press freedom, politics, labour and the economy, to diversity, the marginalisation of women, Shinto, and Aum Shinrikyo
• Evaluation of the legacy of Emperor Akihito on war memory, the imperial institution, art, regional relations, and constitutional revision
• Multidisciplinary insights from both the social sciences and humanities
• Rich illustrations for visual analysis of developments in contemporary Japanese literature, film, art, and pop culture
Providing students with dynamic analyses of how contemporary Japanese society continues to transform, this textbook is essential reading for students of Japanese Studies, including Japanese culture, society, history, and politics.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Symbol Emperor
1. The People's Imperial Couple
Kenneth J. Ruoff
2. Contemporary Goshin’ei: The Emperor, Art, and the Anus
Part 2: Government and Politics
3. The Rightward Shift of Japanese Politics: Interest, Reform, and Identity
4. Prime Ministers, Power and Leadership in Heisei Japan
5. Heisei Okinawa: What Changed?
6. The Fight for Open Government in the Heisei Era
Part 3: Civil Society
7. Civil Society and Neoliberalism: Heisei’s Historic Convergence
8. Still Half Free: The Japanese Media in the Heisei Era
David McNeill & Tanaka Akira
Part 4: Economy and Work
9. The Heisei Economy: Explaining the Lost Decades
10. Precaritization of Work in Japan
Machiko Osawa & Jeff Kingston
11. Japan's Immigration in the Heisei Era: Population, Policy and the Ethno-nationalist Dilemma
Part 5: Diversity
12. Women’s Leadership and Gender Equality
13. Preserving the Status Quo: Japan’s Laws and Policies on Ethnic and Sexual Minorities
Tin Tin Htun
14. From Tiramisù to #MeToo: Triangulations of Sex, Gender and Sexuality in Heisei Japan
Part 6: Religion
15. Shinto During the Heisei Era
16. The Life and Death of a Heisei Religious Movement: What the Aum Shinrikyō□Affair Revealed about Japanese Society
Mark R. Mullins
Part 7: Cool Japan?
17. Heisei High Architecture as Soft Power
Alice Y. Tseng
18. The Evangelion Boom: The Explosion of Fan Markets and Lifestyles in Heisei Japan
Patrick W. Galbraith
19. The Genealogy of Kawaii
Part 8: Multivoiced Narratives
20. A False Peace: Literature in the Age of Heisei
Matthew C. Strecher
21. Cinema’s Uneasy Social Critique: The Heisei Era Onscreen
Part 9: History and Memory
22. Heisei Historiography: Academic History and Public Commemoration in Japan, 1990-2020
23. Implicated Photographs: Wartime Postmemory and the Photographic Unconsciousness in the Heisei Era
24. The Loss of Nostalgia, not The Nostalgia of Loss: Or, What Happens in Heisei Stays in Heisei
25. The Tumultuous Finale: 2009-2019
Noriko Murai is an Associate Professor of Art History at Sophia University, where she teaches modern and contemporary Japanese art and visual culture. Her publication in English includes Journeys East: Isabella Stewart Gardner and Asia (2009) and Inventing Asia: American Perspectives Around 1900 (2014).
Jeff Kingston is a Professor of History and Director of Asian Studies at Temple University, Japan. He is the author and editor of a dozen books on contemporary Japan and Asia including Japan’s Quiet Transformation (2004), Contemporary Japan (2011), and Critical Issues in Contemporary Japan (2014).
Tina Burrett is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the Faculty of Liberal Arts, Sophia University. She is the co-editor of Press Freedom in Contemporary Asia (2020) and the author of Television and Presidential Power in Putin’s Russia (2013).