After World War II, Japan reemerged in the arena of international relations as an almost exclusively economic power without military might or territorial ambitions. Within some thirty years it transformed itself from a semideveloped state to a technological superpower with an economy that today is the second largest in the free world, next only to the United States, accounting for over 10 percent of total global production. The management of a rapidly growing industrial state with little domestic supply of resources necessarily requires great skill in the difficult task of maintaining sufficient access to overseas markets to sustain internal economic activity. Not surprisingly, then, Japan’s foreign relations from World War II to the present have been heavily conditioned by economic considerations. This collection of original articles investigates how the economic growth of Japan has affected the pattern of its foreign relations and where and to what extent economic principles have had to be compromised for political, legal, cultural, or ideological reasons. The contributors, experts on Japan’s economy, politics, and foreign relations, analyze the state of Japan’s foreign relations with North America, the EC, Oceania, the Soviet Union, COMECON, China, ASEAN, the Middle East, Latin America, Africa, Korea, and Taiwan, focusing on developments in the last seven years and predicting likely trends in the 1980s.
Preface -- Introduction: The Political Economy of Japan’s Foreign Relations -- Advanced Industrial Countries -- Japan and North America -- Japan and the European Community: An Uneasy Relationship -- Japan and Oceania: Strained Pacific Cooperation -- Socialist Countries -- Japan and the Soviet Union -- Japan and COMECON -- Japan and China -- Developing Countries -- Japan and ASEAN -- Japan and the Middle East -- Japan and Africa: Beyond the Fragile Partnership -- Japan and Korea -- Japan and Taiwan: Community of Economic Interest Held Together by Paradiplomacy -- Japan and Latin America