First published in 1994. This volume, dedicated to Dr David Patterson, founding President of the Oxford Centre for Postgraduate Hebrew Studies, takes as its theme Jewish education and learning throughout the ages. But it is the ‘Academy’ - interpreted here to mean an institution of Judaic scholarship - which dominates this collection of essays. For almost three thousand years centres of Jewish learning have flourished in many parts of the world. This volume discusses these institutions from biblical times to the present. From the time of the Mishnaic Academy at Yavneh, established in the first century CE, the academies were more than schools of higher religious education. They incorporated rational analysis of the scriptures, the natural sciences and other secular studies. Some of the most celebrated academies, such as those in Cairo and Tunisia, and later in the Iberian Peninsula were of a very high intellectual order, sometimes superior to the great Christian universities. It was at these institutions that the great Jewish legal and literary works were written and completed.
This collection of essays has been written by outstanding scholars who have been associated with David Patterson and the Oxford Centre. The essays explore the nature and function of the ‘Jewish Academies' in the broadest sense, the leading personalities associated with them and their social, cultural and moral effect on the Jewish communities of their day.
Foreword; Notes on Contributors; Introduction; 1. Smolenskin and the Revival of Hebrew Education Tudor Parfitt 2. Bar-Ilan University - A Question of Identity Harold Fisch 3. Ancient Academic Activity and the Origin of the Pentateuch Calum M. Carmichael 4. Hebrew Language and Literature at the Hebrew Union College: Jewish Institute of Religion 1876-1930 Ezra Spicehandler 5. The Maskil as Lamdan: The Influence of Jewish Education on Haskalah Writing Techniques Tova Cohen 6. Notions of Yiddish David Katz 7. The Teaching of Jewish Law in British Universities Bernard S. Jackson 8. Jewish Education in the Byzantine Empire in the Twelfth Century Nicholas de Lange 9. Criteria of Modernism in Early Hebrew Haskalah Literature Moshe Pelli 10. The Controversy between M. L. Lilienblum and the World of the Yeshivot as Depicted in "Mishnat Elisha Ben Avuyah" (1878) Yehuda Friedlander 11. Religious Education in Israel: A Perspective Noah Lucas 12. Jewish Attitudes to Greek Culture in the Period of the Second Temple Martin Goodman 13. The Content of Jewish Education and its Responsibility within the Jewish-Christian Encounter Alice and Roy Eckardt 14. The Berlin Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums: Marginalia-Personalities-Reminiscences Edward Ullendorff 15. Chaos in the Bible? Tohu Vavohu Terry Fenton 16. Greek Language and Philosophy in the Early Rabbinic Academies A. Wasserstein 17. ’Aggadah and Childhood Imagination in the Works of Mendele, Bialik and Agnon David Aberbach 18. Jewish Education in 19th Century Russia in the Eyes of Mendele Mokher Sefarim Shmuel Werses 19. The Role of Higher Education in Zionist Society S. Ilan Troen 20. Smolenskin, Ben-Yehuda, and the Jewish Education of the Future George Mandel 21. Purpose and Language in Two Seventeenth Century Paduan Hebrew Chronicles Alan David Crown 22. Moses Mendelssohn as Political Educator Lionel Kochan 23. David Patterson: A Bibliography R. May; Index