Jews and Muslims in Seventeenth-Century Discourse: From Religious Enemies to Allies and Friends, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Jews and Muslims in Seventeenth-Century Discourse

From Religious Enemies to Allies and Friends, 1st Edition

By Gary K. Waite

Routledge

292 pages

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Description

Jews and Muslims in Seventeenth-Century Discourse explores for the first time the extent to which the unusual religious diversity and tolerance of the Dutch Republic affected how its residents regarded Jews and Muslims.

Analyzing an array of vernacular publications, this book reveals how Dutch writers, especially those within the nonconformist and spiritualist camps, expressed positive attitudes toward religious diversity in general, and Jews and Muslims in particular. Through covering the Eighty Years War (1568-1648) and the post-war era, it also highlights how the Dutch search for allies against Spain led them to approach Muslim rulers. The Dutch were assisted in this by their positive relations with Jews, and were thus able to shape a more affirmative portrayal of Islam.

Revealing noticeable differences in language and tone between English and Dutch publications and exploring societal attitudes and culture, Jews and Muslims in Seventeenth-Century Discourse is ideal for students of British and Dutch early-modern cultural, intellectual, and religious history.

Reviews

'This insightful and original study offers an ambitious dual comparison, exploring attitudes to Jews and Muslims, in England and the Dutch Republic, during the seventeenth century. Approaching this topic from a wide range of angles – individual, diplomatic, commercial and theological – and making use of a rich and diverse corpus of primary sources, this book will be of great interest to scholars and teachers of early modern European history, religious studies, and the history of community relations and toleration.'

Adam Sutcliffe, King's College London, UK

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

Two Turkish Slaves in Limburg

The Religious Other

Pamphlets, Newssheets, and Chronicles

England and the Netherlands in the Seventeenth Century

Religious Conformity and Dissent – the Netherlands and England

Christians, Jews, Muslims

Transgressing Confessional Boundaries

Contents of the Book

2. Jews in England and the Netherlands, 1550-1620 – Anti-Semitism, Religious Polemics, and Realpolitique

A Hebrew Army

Dirck Volckertsz Coornhert

Religious Conflict and Tolerance in the Dutch Republic

The Sad Case of Dr. Rodrigo Lopez

The Jews in Amsterdam

Hugh Broughton and Rabbi David Farar, Amsterdam, 1605

Abraham Costerus, 1608

Hugo Grotius’s Recommendations, c.1615

Regulations and Petitions, 1616-20

Jews in Pamphlets, 1600-1620

Jews in Reformed Polemics

Henry Finch and the Great Restauration, 1621

Samuel Pallache

Conclusion

3. Christian Nonconformists and Jews, 1540-1650

The Lisbon Pogrom of 1506

Anabaptists and Spiritualists on Jews

Mennonite Pieter Jansz Twisck’s Chronicles, 1609 and 1620

Joost van den Vondel’s Hierusalem Verwoest, 1620

The End of the Twelve Years Truce and Rosicrucian Efforts

Reformed Reaction

The Conversion of Isaac Pallache, c. 1631

Conclusion

4. Muhammad: Christian Fantasies of the Prophet and the Qur’an

Signs and Wonders and Muhammad’s Birth

Muhammad’s Biography

Pre-Reformation Imaginings of Muhammad

Muhammad in Sixteenth-Century Reformation Polemics

Muhammad in the Hands of Christians, 1600-1620

Dutch Mennonites – Pieter Jans Twisck, 1620

Broer Jansz, 1627

Two Later Divergent Histories of Muhammad, 1666 and 1671

English Catholics and Ottoman Antichrists

Liberal Dutch Mennonites and the Qur’an

Conclusion

5. Moors and Moriscos, 1550–1620

The Jesuit and the Blackamoor

Europeans, Moors, and Jews

English Merchants in Morocco

The Enemy of My Enemy

The Dutch Republic Joins the Fray

A Muslim Convert to Reformed Protestantism?: Henri Chérif

European Reports on Morocco’s Civil Wars, 1603–09

Moors, Jews, and Doopsgezinden in Amsterdam

Europeans and the Moroccan "Saint-King," 1612

The Expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain, 1609-14

Conclusion

6. Europeans and the Ottomans: Fantasy and Reality, 1610-1648

The Scourge of God?

Turks in Reformed Polemics

Pamphlets and Newssheets – Sixteenth Century

Dreaming Sultans

Ottomans and the Lost Tribes of Israel

Persians and Prester John

War and Peace with the Ottomans

The Dutch and the Ottomans, 1607-14

Cornelis Haga’s Mission to The Porte

Chroniclers and the Turk

News from Turkey, 1618: Sultans Ahmed and Mustafa

Elect Nations

Pieter Jansz Twisck on the Turks, 1620

Dutch and English Pamphlets on the Turks, 1621-30

Dutch and English Writers on the Turks after 1630

Conclusion

7. Millenarian Dreams, Ecumenical Prophets, and the Lost Tribes Found, 1648-65

The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel in the Americas

Jews, Christians, and Muslims c. 1648

1648: Spain and the Netherlands at Peace

Jan Zoet of Amsterdam, 1648

The Lost Tribes Discovered

Menasseh Ben Israel and his Circle

The Hope of Israel

English Christian Israelites

Menasseh ben Israel’s Plea to Oliver Cromwell, 1655

The Baptist Henry Jessey

Reaction to Menasseh ben Israel

Margaret Fell and Quaker Pamphlets

Jews and Turks in the Dutch Press, 1650-65

Costerus, Buxtorf and Zoet

Jews as Equals?

Johannes Serwouter’s Hester

Christians and Muslims after the Peace with Spain

Conclusion

8. The Sabbatai Zevi Experience: Jews, Christians, and Muslims, 1666-1700

The Messiah Arrives?

The Year of Living Messiahly: Sabbatai Zevi, 1666

Christian Responses to Sabbatai

Petrus Serrarius, Anthoinette Bourignon, and Jean de Labadie

Georgius Hornius and Balthasar Bekker

P. Cornelius Hazart

Mennonites and the Jews after Sabbatai Zevi

Rabbi Saul Levi Morteira’s Praise of New Reformed

Baruch Spinoza

The 1680s: Anti-Semitism Redux?

Conclusion

Conclusion

Jan Jacob Mauricius and a Ritual Murder Accusation in Nijmegen, 1710-16

A Counterfeit Jew in Newcastle, 1653

A Quaker Turned Jew

Rethinking Religious Identity

About the Author

Gary K. Waite is a professor of early-modern European history at the University of New Brunswick. He has published widely on religion, drama, and culture in the Low Countries, on Anabaptism and spiritualism, witchcraft and demonology, and is currently preoccupied with seventeenth-century Dutch religious nonconformists and the early Enlightenment.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS010000
HISTORY / Europe / General
HIS010020
HISTORY / Europe / Western
HIS015000
HISTORY / Europe / Great Britain
HIS022000
HISTORY / Jewish
HIS037040
HISTORY / Modern / 17th Century