Justice, Legitimacy, and Diversity : Political Authority Between Realism and Moralism book cover
1st Edition

Justice, Legitimacy, and Diversity
Political Authority Between Realism and Moralism

ISBN 9781138109469
Published May 24, 2017 by Routledge
176 Pages

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Book Description

Most contemporary political philosophers take justice—rather than legitimacy—to be the fundamental virtue of political institutions vis-à-vis the challenges of ethical diversity. Justice-driven theorists are primarily concerned with finding mutually acceptable terms to arbitrate the claims of conflicting individuals and groups. Legitimacy-driven theorists, instead, focus on the conditions under which those exercising political authority on an ethically heterogeneous polity are entitled to do so. But what difference would it make to the management of ethical diversity in liberal democratic societies if legitimacy were prior to or independent from justice?

This question identifies a widely underexplored issue whose theoretical salience shows how the understanding of what constitutes the primary question of political philosophy has a deep impact on how practical political questions are interpreted and addressed. What difference would it make, for example, whether the difficulties concerning the safeguard of human rights were couched in terms of the justice or of the legitimacy of the documents and treaties sanctioning their implementation. How should the issue of the quality of democracies be addressed whether one assigned priority to the justice or legitimacy of democratic institutions? Addressing these and other topical questions, the book offers a new theoretical angle from which to consider a number of pressing social and political issues.

This book was previously published as a special issue of the Critical Review of Social and Political Philosophy.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Justice, Legitimacy and Diversity  Emanuela Ceva and Enzo Rossi  2. Justification, choice and promise: three devices of the consent tradition in a diverse society  Gerald Gaus  3. Political legitimacy, justice and consent  John Horton  4. Justice, legitimacy and (normative) authority for political realists  Enzo Rossi  5. Just politics  Glen Newey  6. Beyond legitimacy. Can proceduralism say anything relevant about justice?  Emanuela Ceva  7. Equal respect, equal competence and democratic legitimacy  Valeria Ottonelli  8. Democratic legitimacy, legal expressivism, and religious establishment  Simon Căbulea May  9. Global justification and local legitimation  Sebastiano Maffettone

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Emanuela Ceva is Assistant Professor of Political Philosophy at the University of Pavia. She has published on themes of procedural justice, pluralism and respect for dissenting minorities and she is completing a monograph on value conflicts in politics.

Enzo Rossi is Senior Research Fellow in Social Philosophy at the University of Wales, Newport. His published work focuses mainly on the theoretical foundations of liberal democracy, with particular attention to problems of legitimacy and realism. He is completing a book on the liberal political tradition.