Originally published in 2006. Sir Karl Popper (1902 1994) is one of the most controversial and widely read philosophers of the 20th century. His influence has been enormous in the fields of epistemology, logic, metaphysics, methodology of science, the philosophy of physics and biology, political philosophy, and the social sciences, and his intellectual achievement has stimulated many scholars in a wide range of disciplines. These three volumes of previously unpublished essays, based on lectures given at the congress KARL POPPER 2002 held in Vienna to mark the centenary of Popper's birth, provide an up-to-date examination of many aspects of Popper's life and thought. Volume II deals especially with Popper's metaphysics and epistemology, including his proposal (critical rationalism) that it is through sharp criticism rather than through the provision of justification that our knowledge progresses. Several papers tackle the problem of the empirical basis, and offer decidedly different answers to some unresolved questions. The volume contains also a number of papers evaluating Popper's celebrated, but much contested, solution to Hume's problem of induction.
Contents: Preface. Part 3 Metaphysics and Epistemology: A: The Constitution of the World: Metaphysics and the growth of scientific knowledge, Joseph Agassi; The open society, metaphysical beliefs, and platonic sources of reason and rationality, Toby E. Huff; Karl R. Poppers Aktualität für die Kritik an fundamentalischen Weltanschauungen, Kurt Salamun; World 3: a critical defence, Ilkka Niiniluoto. B: Our Knowledge of the World: The nature of philosophical problems: Popper versus Wittgenstein, Herman Philipse; Gödel, Kuhn, Popper, and Feyerabend, Jonathan Seldin; Science wars: remarks from a critical rationalist's point of view, Karsten Weber; On the idea of logical presuppositions of rational criticism, Jonas Nilsson; Constructing a comprehensively anti-justificationist position, Antoni Diller; Rationality without foundations, Stefano Gattei; Is the philosophy of Karl Popper anti-foundationalist?, Hubert Cambier; Conceptual and non-conceptual content and the empirical basis of science, Robert Nola; Sprachliche und empirische Aspekte des Basisproblems, Herbert Keuth; Test statements and experience, Gunnar Andersson; Basic statements versus protocols, Artur Koterski; Karl Popper and the empirical basis, Jeremy Shearmur; The epistemological foundation of methodological rules, Volker Gadenne; The lure of induction, Shereen Hassanein; The pragmatic problem of induction, Ingemar Nordin; Methodological objectivism and critical rationalist 'induction', Alfred Schramm; Artificial intelligence and Popper's solution to the problem of induction, Guglielmo Tamburrini. Index.
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