Karstified rocks of different lithology cover more than 10% of the continental surface of our planet. It is known that some 20% or even a few percent more of the global population largely depends on karstic groundwater but in many karst areas all over the world there are limited natural resources including absence of drinking waters. The problems of water shortage, equitable water use or water protection from pollution, become more problematic when they come to transboundary regions. The Dinaric region is a classical karst area where created borders of newly established countries after the civil war in 1990s resulted with an urgent need to create ambience for sustainable water management. The project DIKTAS is one of the first ever attempts to establish sustainable integrated management principles in a transboundary karst aquifer of the magnitude of the Dinaric Karst System. This volume presents selected papers from the conference held in June 2014 in Trebinje, Bosnia & Herzegovina including presentations of some of the project’s achievements but also number of other research results conducted in karst environments worldwide.
Table of Contents
PART I: Management of transboundary karst aquifers
1 Dinaric Karst Aquifer
2 How confident are we about the definition of boundaries in karst?
3 WOKAM – The world karst aquifer mapping project
4 Groundwater flow in the Orontes River basin and the Syria–Lebanon water sharing agreement
5 Hungarian-Slovakian transboundary karstic groundwater management under the scope of enwat and transenergy EU projects
6 Development and protection of transboundary karst and karst aquifers in West Stara Planina Mountains (Bulgaria–Serbia)
7 An assessment of territory participation in transboundary karst aquifer recharge
PART 2: Karst aquifer characterization and monitoring
8 Optimal water management
9 Spring hydrograph recession
10 Characterization of selected karst springs in Slovenia by means of a time series analysis
11 Characterization of the influence of evaporite rocks on the hydrochemistry of carbonate aquifers
12 3D Spatial modelling of karst channels
13 A field work oriented approach for complex karst aquifer characterisation
14 Scale-dependent evaluation of an unconfined carbonate system
15 Characterization of karst system using modelling of rainfall-discharge relationship
PART 3: The water flow in karst: From vadose to discharge zone
16 Recharge processes of karst massifs in southern Italy
17 Water balance analysis of a vadose stream to discern hillslope hydrology in bare karst area (South West China)
18 Hydraulic behavior of a subthermal karst spring
19 Delineation of the Plitvice Lakes karst catchment area
PART 4: Engineering, sustainable use and protection of water in karst
20 Creating environmental impact indicators in dynamic karst system
21 Hydrogeological settings for underground dam construction
22 3D Conduit modelling of leakage below a dam situated in highly karstified rocks
23 Reactivation of karst springs after regional mine dewatering
Zoran Stevanović is professor and head of the Centre for Karst Hydrogeology at the Department of Hydrogeology of the University of Belgrade, Serbia. He has extensive experience with research projects concerning groundwater management and aquifer exploitation and control (in Algeria, Iraq, Georgia, Bhutan, The Seychelles, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Balkan countries). He is consultant at the FAO/UN and UNESCO, and member of the Karst Commission of International Association of Hydrogeologists and the Board on Karst and Speleology of the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts, as well as president of the Serbian Geological Society. Professor Stevanović has published around 300 papers, wrote and edited 15 monographs and two textbooks.
Neven Krešić is senior principal and Hydrogeology Practice Leader at Amec Foster Wheeler, in the USA. For this, he works with U.S. and international clients, including federal, state, and local agencies; industries such as water, transportation, and power utilities; and oil, petrochemical, chemical, mining, and construction companies. He wrote and edited seven textbooks in addition to numerous scientific and professional papers and instructed international workshops and academic courses in groundwater modeling, remediation and hydrogeologic conceptual site development around the world. Dr. Krešić is co-chair of the Karst Commission of the International Association of Hydrogeologists, past vice president for International Affairs of the American Institute of Hydrology, and committee member of the Groundwater Management and Remediation Specialty Group of the International Water Association.
Neno Kukurić is groundwater specialist with over 30 years of experience gained in more than 20 countries worldwide. His professional interests lie in international water cooperation and application of informed management, encompassing technical, social-economic, institutional and political aspects of water problems. In the last several years, he has been particularly involved in assessment and management of transboundary groundwaters worldwide. He is the editor of the UNESCO/WMO Transboundary Aquifers of the World Map. Previously, he was responsible, among others, for a development of the Integrated Hydrological Model of the Netherlands and the Hydrogeological Information System of the Netherlands.