Karstology : Karsts, Caves and Springs: Elements of Fundamental and Applied Karstology book cover
1st Edition

Karsts, Caves and Springs: Elements of Fundamental and Applied Karstology

ISBN 9781482243154
Published April 22, 2015 by CRC Press
256 Pages - 16 Color & 162 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Karst landscapes are home to 25 percent of the world’s drinking water supplies, and in many countries water supply is highly dependent on karst aquifers. Their unique structures, containing many voids, are a particular problem for building corporations and land developers. This book, written by the well-known karstologist Eric Gilli, presents a diverse range of chapters on history of karstology, aquifers and their characterization, water supply management, coastal and submarine karsts, evolution of karst and paleokarst, paleontology, tourism, and oil and mineral reserves.

Table of Contents


Introduction and Definitions

Karst, Karstic, Karstology

The Karst region in Slovenia


Components of the Karst Landscape

The Great French Karst Regions

Worldwide distribution of karst

The History of Karstology


Contributions from speleology

French karstology and the climate paradigm

Carbonate Rocks


REVIEW: The origins of carbonate and calcium



Dolomitic rocks

Limestone dissolution

The water cycle, the CO2 cycle, and the carbonate cycle

The solubility of limestone

Factors affecting karstification

The surface components of karst

The epikarst


Karst corridors



Dry Valleys

Canyons, pocket valleys, blind valley and karst windows

Springs, tufa, and travertine

Landscape types

The role of climate

Karst in Temperate and Mediterranean regions

Karst in cold regions

Karst in tropical regions

Karst in arid and semi-arid regions

Speleogenesis and the Endokarst

The infiltration of aggressive water

The spatial organisation of discontinuities

Speleogenesis, or cave formation

Vauclusian springs

Hypogenic caves

Great Caves

Sediments Underground

Evolution of karst landscapes and paleokarsts

Variations in climate and paleogeographic evolution

Polyphase karst


Parakarsts and pseudokarsts


9.2 Pseudokarst

Speleology and study of the endokarst

Precursors to and origins of speleology

The speleology community

Methods in speleology

The impacts of speleology on water quality in wells in karst aquifers

Karst aquifers

Particular characteristics

Geometry of the aquifer and surrounding system

Behavior of a karst system

Quantitative and qualitative consequences

Circulation in hydrothermal systems

Aquifer characterization

Geometry of karst systems

Data collection

Data analysis

Tracer tests in karst systems

Modeling outflows

Water use and management

Water management

Surface water management

Using water resources

Quantitative management

Qualitative management

Coastal and submarine karst aquifers


Coastal and submarine karst aquifers

Deep submarine karst

The study and management of coastal aquifers

Development in karst regions

Sub-soil anomalies

Hydrologic problems

Karstic subsidence and drawdown

Location, detection, and remediation of cavities


Touristic regions

Karstic trails and itineraries

Tourist-accessible caves

Developing caves for tourism

Mineral resources

Karstic traps


Hydrothermal and geothermal processes

Hot springs

Natural climate control

The study of paleo-environments

karstic archives

Dating methods in karstology

Environmental factors

Records of deformation

Applications in the study of paleoclimate

Geodesy and rock deformation

Value of karst systems

Rock mechanics

Paleontology, archaeology, and biology

Traps and conserving environments

The Quercy phosphorites


Isolation and genetic divergence




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