1st Edition

Kashmir Under the Sultans

By Mohibbul Hasan Copyright 2024

    Kashmir Under Sultans introduces the reader to a subject that begins with the foundation of the Sultanate and ends with the conquest of Kashmir by Akbar. During the Sultanate period, Kashmir had achieved a high standard of culture, but with the disappearance of her independence, her culture gradually declined. Poets, painters, and scholars had to leave the Valley and seek their livelihood elsewhere owing to the absence of local patronage. They then entered the service of the Mughal emperors and were added to the court, thereby lessening the cultural impoverishment of Kashmir.

    The book encloses political, social, economic and cultural activities that had a lasting influence on the Kashmir Valley in that period. It is of considerable value to social historians as Professor Mohibbul Hasan offers insights into political and cultural currents and crosscurrents in Kashmir.

    This title is co-published with Aakar Books. Print editions not for sale in South Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Bhutan)


    Abbreviations Used in Citing References to Sources

    Note on Transliteration

    Introduction by Muhammad Ishaq Khan

    1. Sources

    2. The Geography of Kashmir

    3. The Foundation of the Sultanate

    4. Sultan Shamsuíd-Din and his Successors

    5. Zainu’l-i-Abidin the Great

    6. Dynastic Troubles and Rebellions

    7. Mirza Haidar Dughlat and his Conquest of Kashmir

    8. End of the Shah Mir Dynasty and the Chak Ascendancy

    9. Yusuf Shah and Akbar

    10. Fall of the Sultanate

    11. The Administrative System

    12. Social and Economic Conditions

    13. Cultural Activities

    14. Conclusion


    A. The Nurbakhshiya Sect of Kashmir

    B. Currency, Coinage, Weights and Measures

    C. The Chronology and Genealogy of the Sultans of Kashmir

    D. Bibliography



    A leading historian, the late Professor Mohibbul Hasan taught History at the Department of Islamic History, University of Calcutta, Aligarh Muslim University, and the University of Kashmir, Srinagar. He founded the history department at the Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi and was the first history professor at the University.