Ketamine : Use and Abuse book cover
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Ketamine
Use and Abuse




ISBN 9781466583399
Published March 16, 2015 by CRC Press
415 Pages - 40 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Increasing use of ketamine as a recreational drug in Asia, Europe, and America is a great burden on society at large, leading to aspirational strain, unemployment, and crime. These societal effects have led to growing interest among researchers and clinicians in ketamine’s effects on various systems of the body. Ketamine: Use and Abuse reviews the acute and chronic effects of ketamine on both adult and developing animals and humans.

Providing an exhaustive review of the literature, the book is supplemented by the introduction of new data and research. Topics include:

  • The pharmacological properties of ketamine
  • The impact of ketamine on various organ systems, including the central nervous system and the gastrointestinal, respiratory, adrenal, and renal systems
  • Developmental neurotoxicity in the developing brain
  • Postmortem toxicology
  • The epidemiology of misuse and patterns of acute and chronic toxicity
  • The psychosocial aspects of ketamine addiction
  • Clinical applications at acceptable doses, including possible contribution to the treatment of depression

The contributions in this book represent an initiative to investigate the different facets of ketamine beyond the known psychosocial factors related to addiction and its traditional use as an anesthetic agent. The broad-based coverage is designed to promote heightened attention on the subject and encourage further research into beneficial clinical uses.

Table of Contents

Ketamine use and misuse—Impacts on the nervous system: An overview
David T.W. Yew
Clinical applications and side effects of ketamine
Ou Sha, Yue Hao, Eric Yu-Pang Cho, and Li Zhou
Diverse pharmacological properties of ketamine
Ismail Laher, Xin Zhang, Ping Chung Leung, and Willmann Liang
Developmental neurotoxicity of ketamine in the developing brain
Chaoxuan Dong
Ketamine—Epidemiology of misuse and patterns of acute and chronic toxicity
Shwetha S. Rao, David M. Wood, and Paul I. Dargan
Imaging the effects of ketamine use and abuse in the brain
Qi Li, Sherry K.W. Chan, Lin Sun, Wai-Chi Chan, Eric Y.H. Chen, and Pak C. Sham
Does sniffing drugs affect the respiratory system? An example being ketamine
Maria S.M. Wai, Jacqueline C. Lam, Lawrence K. Hui, and David T.W. Yew
Long-term ketamine use causes damage to the pancreas and adrenal glands
Wai Ping Lam, Tan Sijie, Lok Hang Lam, Yeak Wan Wong, and Chun-Mei Wang
Ketamine uropathy: Hong Kong experience
Peggy Sau Kwan Chu, Chi Fai Ng, and Wai Kit Ma
Ketamine and the lower urinary tract: Summary of pathophysiological evidence in humans and animal models
Hong Chai Tang, Phoebe Y.H. Lam, and Willmann Liang
Postmortem toxicology of ketamine
James Watterson
The antidepressant effects of ketamine and the underlying mechanisms
Nan Wang and Jian-Jun Yang
Social correlates of ketamine and other psychoactive drug abuse in Hong Kong
Yuet-Wah Cheung
Mechanisms of ketamine-induced neuroplasticity: Potential effects on brain and behavior
Vincenzo Tedesco, Ginetta Collo, and Cristiano Chiamulera
The influence of ketamine on our understanding of depression
Andrew M. Perez
Clinical testing for ketamine: How it inspires the need to develop emerging drugs-of-abuse analysis in a clinical laboratory
Magdalene H.Y. Tang, Calvin Y.K. Chong, Doris C.K. Ching, and Tony W.L. Mak

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Editor(s)

Biography

Professor David T. Yew is the professor emeritus of anatomy in the School of Biomedical Sciences, Chinese University of Hong Kong. He has engaged in research of human and animal neuroscience, drug discovery, and drug toxicology, using various techniques of pathology, immunocytochemistry, cytochemistry, and imaging. Professor Yew’s area of specialty is research on neurodegeneration, particularly damage to the nervous system brought about by ketamine abuse, and is now one of the major global leaders in this area.