Kinetic Theory of Nucleation: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation

1st Edition

By Eli Ruckenstein, Gersh Berim

CRC Press

476 pages | 166 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-06-22
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Description

Explore a Kinetic Approach to the Description of Nucleation – An Alternative to the Classical Nucleation Theory

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation presents an alternative to the classical theory of nucleation in gases and liquids—the kinetic nucleation theory of Ruckenstein–Narsimhan–Nowakowski (RNNT). RNNT uses the kinetic theory of fluids to calculate the rate of evaporation of molecules from clusters, and unlike the classical nucleation theory (CNT), does not require macroscopic thermodynamics or the detailed balance principle. The book compares the rates of evaporation of molecules from—and condensation on—the surface of a nucleus of a new phase, and explains how this alternate approach can provide much higher nucleation rates than the CNT. It applies RNNT to various case studies that include the liquid-to-solid and vapor-to-liquid phase transitions, binary nucleation, heterogeneous nucleation, nucleation on soluble particles and protein folding. It also describes the system, introduces the basic equations of the kinetic theory, and defines a new model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding.

Adaptable to coursework as well as self-study, this insightful book:

  • Uses a kinetic approach to calculate the rate of growth and decay of a cluster
  • Includes description of vapor-to-liquid and liquid-to-solid nucleation
  • Outlines the application of density-functional theory (DFT) methods to nucleation
  • Proposes the combination of the new kinetic theory of nucleation with the DFT methods
  • Illustrates the new theory with numerical calculations
  • Describes the model for the nucleation mechanism of protein folding, and more

A comprehensive guide dedicated to the kinetic theory of nucleation and cluster growth, Kinetic Theory of Nucleation emphasizes the basic concepts of the kinetic nucleation theory, incorporates findings developed from years of research and experience, and is written by highly-regarded experts.

Reviews

"The book covers a wide range of aspects of nucleation. It forms a critical mass by presenting so many issues in one place."

—Abraham Marmur, Technion –Israel Institute of Technology

"… well written and provides deep insight into the nucleation theory. … a fantastic tool for understanding the modern way of describing various processes of nucleation."

—Reinhard Miller, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Potsdam, Germany

"This book represents a comprehensive collection of the seminal papers on the nucleation phenomena published over the years by Professor Eli Ruckenstein and his coworkers…The book provides an indispensable resource of brilliantly written papers, each of which contains original ideas and methods. Reading these papers will help young researchers to better understand the methodology of science and learn the principles of the kinetic theory, which can be applied to diverse interfacial phenomena in nature, technology, and medicine."

—Alexander V. Neimark, Ph.D, D.Sc., Distinguished Professor of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Rutgers University, New Jersey, USA

Table of Contents

Kinetic Theory of Liquid-to-Solid Nucleation

Introduction

References

A Possible Nucleation Type of Mechanism for the Growth of Small Aerosol Particles

Ganesan Narsimhan and Eli Ruckenstein

References

A New Approach for the Prediction of the Rate of Nucleation in Liquids

Ganesan Narsimhan and Eli Ruckenstein

References

A Kinetic Theory of Nucleation in Liquids

Eli Ruckenstein and Bogdan Nowakowski

References

Rate of Nucleation in Liquids for Face-Centered Cubic and Icosahedral Clusters

Bogdan Nowakowski and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Comparison among Various Approaches to the Calculation of the Nucleation Rate

References

A Kinetic Approach to the Theory of Heterogeneous Nucleation on Soluble Particles during the Deliquescence Stage

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Effect of Solute–Solute and Solute–Solvent Interactions on Kinetics of Nucleation in Liquids

Eli Ruckenstein and Gersh Berim

References

Thermodynamics of Heterogeneous Crystal Nucleation in Contact and Immersion Modes

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Correction to "Thermodynamics of Heterogeneous Crystal Nucleation in Contact and Immersion Modes"

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

Homogeneous Crystal Nucleation in Droplets as a Method for Determining Line Tension

of a Crystal–Liquid–Vapor Contact

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Kinetic Theory of Vapor-to-Liquid Nucleation

Reference

A Kinetic Approach to the Theory of Nucleation in Gases

Bogdan Nowakowski and Eli Ruckenstein

References

A Unidimensional Fokker–Planck Approximation in the Treatment of Nucleation in Gases

Eli Ruckenstein and Bogdan Nowakowski

References

Homogeneous Nucleation in Gases: A Three-Dimensional Fokker–Planck Equation for

Evaporation from Clusters

Bogdan Nowakowski and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Time-Dependent Cluster Distribution in Nucleation

Bogdan Nowakowski and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Kinetic Theory of Nucleation Based on a First Passage Time Analysis: Improvement by the Density-Functional Theory

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Kinetic Theory of Binary Nucleation Based on a First Passage Time Analysis

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

A Kinetic Treatment of Heterogeneous Nucleation

Bogdan Nowakowski and Eli Ruckenstein

References

New Approach to the Kinetics of Heterogeneous Unary Nucleation on Liquid Aerosols of a Binary Solution

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Kinetics of Heterogeneous Nucleation on a Rough Surface: Nucleation of a Liquid Phase in Nanocavities

Eli Ruckenstein and Gersh Berim

References

Kinetic Theory of Heterogeneous Nucleation: Effect of Nonuniform Density in the Nuclei

Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Application of the Kinetic Nucleation Theory to Protein Folding

References

Model for the Nucleation Mechanism of Protein Folding

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

A Ternary Nucleation Model for the Nucleation Pathway of Protein Folding

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Effect of Ionized Protein Residues on the Nucleation Pathway of Protein Folding

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Temperature Effects on the Nucleation Mechanism of Protein Folding and on the Barrierless Thermal Denaturation of a Native Protein

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

First Passage Time Analysis of Protein Folding via Nucleation and of Barrierless Protein

Denaturation

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Effect of Hydrogen Bond Networks on the Nucleation Mechanism of Protein Folding

Yuri Djikaev and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Kinetics of Cluster Growth on a Lattice

References

Influence of Cluster Shape upon Its Growth in a Two-Dimensional Ising Model

Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Effect of Shape on the Critical Nucleus Size in a Three-Dimensional Ising Model:

Energetic and Kinetic Approaches

Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Shape-Dependent Small Cluster Kinetics in the Two-Dimensional Ising Model beyond the Classical Approximations

Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein

References

A Closed Reduced Description of the Kinetics of Phase Transformation in a Lattice System Based on Glauber’s Master Equation

Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Kinetics of Phase Transformation on a Bethe Lattice

Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Phase Transformation in a Lattice System in the Presence of Spin-Exchange Dynamics

Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein

References

Kinetics of Phase Transformation on a Bethe Lattice in the Presence of Spin Exchange

Gersh Berim and Eli Ruckenstein

References

About the Authors

Eli Ruckenstein is a State University of New York (SUNY) Distinguished Professor at the SUNY at Buffalo. He has published more than 1000 papers in numerous areas of engineering science and has received a large number of awards from the American Chemical Society and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Dr. Ruckenstein has also received the Founders Gold Medal Award from the National Academy of Engineering and the National Medal of Science from President Clinton. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and of the American Academy of Art and Sciences.

Gersh Berim earned his PhD in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics from Kazan State University in Russia in 1978. He has authored or coauthored 70+ papers. His research interests include statics, kinetics, and dynamics of low-dimensional spin systems, kinetic theory of nucleation, and wetting at the nanoscale. Since 2001, he has been working in the group of Dr. Ruckenstein at SUNY at Buffalo. Previously, he was a visiting research scholar at the Institute of Physics "Gleb Wataghin" of the University of Campinas, Brazil (1995–1996), and at the Institute of Theoretical Physics I of the University of Erlangen, Germany (1998–2000).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
SCI077000
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical