This volume offers an aesthetic reading of the Muqaddima by Ibn Khaldūn (d. 1406), a text that has been studied up to the present as a work on historiography. It argues that the Muqaddima is also a comprehensive treatise on classical Arab-Islamic culture and provides a picture of classical Arab-Islamic aesthetics in its totality.
The theme of the book is the intrinsic connection between beauty and knowledge in the Muqaddima. Whenever Ibn Khaldūn deals with the problem of knowledge and science, he also deals with the problem of sensual beauty as an instrument or an obstacle to attain it. Ibn Khaldūn’s philosophy of history is necessarily also an aesthetics of history. His key-notion of “group feeling”, the physical, ethic and aesthetic virtue of Bedouin societies, is at once the origin of the ascent of centralised States and the cause of their ruin. It represents a tragic contradiction that applies to the history of the Maghreb but then takes a universal value. It reflects a range of other contradictions inherent to the "system" of classical Arab-Islamic aesthetics. These contradictions undermine the aesthetic system of the Muqaddima from within and provide decisive elements for the emergence of modern aesthetics.
Offering a comparative approach, the volume is a key resource to scholars and students interested in Arabic and Islamic studies, philosophy, aesthetics and global history.
Table of Contents
1. Ibn Khaldūn
2. Beauty and knowledge
3. Knowledge and beauty in history
4. Human geography and the Unseen world
5. Bedouin society
6. The dawn of Islam
7. Sedentary civilisation: the aesthetic State
8. The Muqaddima as a tragedy
Giovanna Lelli has been a visiting professor of Arabic and Islamic studies at the Universities of Gent and Leuven (KUL). Her interests are interdisciplinary, particularly the comparative studies of the civilisations that flourished around the Mediterranean Sea in the Middle Ages on common Hellenistic roots. She also pursues a reflection on the problematic relationship between the classical heritage and modernity in the Arab-Islamic and the Western world from a global historical perspective.