This book explains the role of formal labour market institutions in keeping the labour utilisation in Central and Eastern Europe above the level characteristic for Western European states. It provides an innovative and enriching take on labour utilisation at large and how various formal labour market institutions can affect the ongoing trend in labour utilisation in a way that is not covered by the extant literature. The impact of labour market institutions on labour market outcomes is analysed throughout 12 chapters, both from a cross-country perspective and in detailed case-studies, by 21 labour market experts from various CEE countries.
Most chapters are based on empirical methods yet are presented in an easy-to-follow way in order to make the book also accessible for a non-scientific audience.
The volume explores three key questions:
- How can labour utilisation be increased by labour market institutions?
- Which CEE countries managed to create a labour market institutional framework beneficial for labour utilisation?
- How should the labour market institutions in CEE countries be reformed in order to increase labour utilisation?
The book argues that the legacy of transition reforms and a centrally planned past is still relevant in explaining common patterns among CEE countries and concludes that increasing the stock of skills accumulated by the employed and improving utilisation of these skills seems to be the first-best solution to increase labour utilisation.
The book will be of interest to post-graduate researchers and academics in the fields of labour economics, regional economics, and macroeconomics as well as scholars interested in adopting an institutional analysis approach. Additionally, due to the broader policy implications of the topic, the book will appeal to policymakers and experts interested in labour economics.
Table of Contents
List of figures
List of tables
List of contributors
Beata Woźniak-Jęchorek & Michał Pilc
Labour market institutions and labour utilisation across the CEE region
Chapter 1. Labour Market Regulation and Labour Utilisation in CEE Countries
Beata Woźniak-Jęchorek & Sławomir Kuźmar
Chapter 2. Institutional Determinants of Firm-Sponsored Training of Young Employees
Chapter 3. Skills Utilisation – Analysis across Countries and Occupations. Western European and Post-Socialist Countries Comparison.
Magdalena Andrałojć & Kea Tijdens
Chapter 4. Unemployment Benefits in CEE Countries. Does Their Limited Scope Match Societal Preferences?
Monika Banaszewska & Michał Pilc
Chapter 5. Part-Time Employment in Central and Eastern Europe: A Cross-Country Analysis
Labour market reforms and utilisation: learning from countries’ experiences
Chapter 6. Structures, Institutions and Agency: the Drivers of the Expansion of Precarious Employment in Poland
Chapter 7. Skills Utilisation and Gender: Estonian Case Study
Chapter 8. Utilisation of Returning Migrants’ Skills and Labour: The Case of Lithuania
Egidijus Barcevičius, Luka Klimavičiūtė & Lukas Pukelis
Chapter 9. The Economic Effects of the Minimum Wage in Slovenia
Suzana Laporšek & Matija Vodopivec
Chapter 10. The Role of Old-age Pension Systems as Labour Market Institutions: the Czech Republic and Poland Compared
Paweł Łuczak & Michał Polakowski
Chapter 11. How Active Labour Market Policy Helps the Most Disadvantaged: Evidence from the Czech Republic
Ondřej Hora & Tomáš Sirovátka
Chapter 12. Eroding Collective Bargaining in CEE Countries as a Counterproductive Factor in the Process of Labour Utilisation: The Cases of Bulgaria and Poland
Jan Czarzasty & Vassil Kirov
Beata Woźniak-Jęchorek & Michał Pilc
Beata Woźniak-Jęchorek is an associate professor at the Institute of Economics at Poznań University of Economics and Business in Poland.
Michał Pilc is an assistant professor at the Institute of Economics at Poznań University of Economics and Business in Poland.