This book is a critical examination of the place and role of land in Africa, the role of land in political formation and national identification, and the land as an economic resource within both national economic development and liberal globalization. Colonial and post-colonial conflicts have been rooted in four related claims: the struggle over scarce resources, especially access to land resources; abundance of natural resources mismanaged or appropriated by both the states, local power systems and multinationals; weak or absent articulated land tenure policies, leading to speculation or hybrid policy framework; and the imperatives of the global liberalization based on the free market principles to regulate the land question and mineral appropriation issue. The actualization of these combined claims have led to conflicts among ethnic groups or between them and governments. This book is not only about conflicts, but also about local policy achievements that have been produced on the land question. It provides a critical understanding of the forces and claims related to land tenure systems, as part of the state policy and its system of governance.
1. General Introduction: Issues, Objectives and About the Cases Tukumbi Lumumba-Kasongo 2. Land Reforms and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding in Liberia George Klay Kieh, Jr. 3. Land Reforms in South Africa: A Review of Progress and Challenges B.C. Chikulo 4. Space Partners or Mortal Enemies: Contentious Lands, Farmer–Grazier Conflicts and Women’s Militancy in Cameroon Charles C. Fonchingong and Maurice Ufon Beseng 5. Land Tenure, Evolving Capitalism, and Social Formations in Côte d'Ivoire: Colonial Economy, the State and National Policies in the Global and Contemporary Context N’Dri T. Assié-Lumumba 6. Developing a Tri-Phase Model for Land Conflict Resolution in Some Conflict-Ridden Parts of the North West Region of Cameroon Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi 7. The Land Question in South Africa: History of Dispossession, Political Discourse, and Post-Apartheid Government Policy Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni and Chimusoro Kenneth Tafira 8. Land Reforms in Ghana: The Illusion and the Reality Kwame A. Ninsin 9. Land Reforms in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): A Study of the Political Economy of Underdevelopment and Nation-State Building Tukumbi Lumumba-Kasongo 10. Agrarian Conflict in Uganda Edward Kannyo 11. Concluding Remarks Tukumbi Lumumba-Kasongo