Land Use Change and Mountain Biodiversity: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Land Use Change and Mountain Biodiversity

1st Edition

Edited by Eva M. Spehn, Maximo Liberman, Christian Korner

CRC Press

376 pages | 96 B/W Illus.

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Part of the worldwide biodiversity program DIVERSITAS, the Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA) assesses the biological richness of high-elevation biota. GMBA’s focus includes the uppermost forest regions or their substitute rangeland vegetation, the treeline ecotone, and the alpine and nival belts. Providing more than description, the GMBA explains the causes of biological richness and how diversity changes over time. Because biodiversity changes often result from human land use, part of the GMBA agenda is the assessment of land use impacts. These assessments are critical in low-latitude regions, where land use pressure on upland biota is the greatest.

The chapters of Land Use Change and Mountain Biodiversity derive from a peer-review process that followed presentations offered at two GMBA workshops, one in Tanzania and the other in Bolivia. More than 50 researchers actively participated in these events, discussing information from all major mountain regions, with a particular focus on the Andes and on African mountains.


“This book gives an excellent overview of the effects of land use change on biodiversity within high mountain ecosystems. … give a synthesis of the impact of human activities on highland and mountain biodiversity … As pointed out by the editors, upland grazing, often facilitated by fire management, is most widespread in mountain terrains. Cultivation of formerly pristine high-elevation areas for agricultural use is often associated with a loss in biodiversity, especially in the tropics and subtropics. Thus, it is the compilation of information and insights that makes this textbook a significant contribution to the literature on high mountain ecosystems.”

— Gerhard Wieser, Federal Research and Training Center for Forests, Natural Hazards and Lanscape (BFW), Austria, in Mountain Research and Development, Vol. 27, No. 2, May 2007

Table of Contents

High-Elevation Land Use, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Functioning

Christian Körner, Gia Nakhutsrishvili, and Eva Spehn

Diversity of Afroalpine Vegetation and Ecology of Treeline Species in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia, and the Influence of Fire

Masresha Fetene, Yoseph Assefa, Menassie Gashaw, Zerihun Woldu, and Erwin Beck

Is Afroalpine Plant Biodiversity Negatively Affected by High-Altitude Fires?

Karsten Wesche

The Impact of Fire on Diversity, Structure, and Composition of the Vegetation on Mt. Kilimanjaro

Andreas Hemp

Effects of Fire on the Diversity of Geometrid Moths on Mt. Kilimanjaro

Jan C. Axmacher, Ludger Scheuermann, Marion Schrumpf, Herbert V.M. Lyaruu, Konrad Fiedler, and Klaus Müller-Hohenstein

The Influence of Fire on Mountain Sclerophyllous Forests and Their Small-Mammal Communities in Madagascar

Bernardin P.N. Rasolonandrasana and Steven M. Goodman

Fire, Plant Species Richness, and Aerial Biomass Distribution in Mountain Grasslands of Northwest Argentina

Roxana Aragón, Julietta Carilla, and Luciana Cristóbal

The Biodiversity of the Columbian Páramo and Its Relation to Anthropogenic Impact

Orlando Rangel Churio

Grazing Impact on Vegetation Structure and Plant Species Richness in an Old-Field Succession of the Venezuelan Paramos

Lina Sarmiento

Vegetation and Grazing Patterns in Andean Environments: A Comparison of Pastoral Systems in Punas and Páramos

Marcelo Molinillo and Maximina Monasterio

Grazing Intensity, Plant Diversity, and Rangeland Conditions in the Southeastern Andes of Peru (Palccoyo, Cusco)

Jorge Alberto Bustamante Becerra

Importance of Carrying Capacity in Sustainable Management of Key High-Andean Puna Rangelands (Bofedales) in Ulla Ulla, Bolivia

Humberto Alzérreca, Jorge Laura, Freddy Loza, Demetrio Luna, and Jonny Ortega

Functional Diversity of Wetland Vegetation in the High-Andean

Páramo, Venezuela

Zulimar Hernández and Maximina Monasterio

Millennia of Grazing History in Eastern Ladakh, India, Reflected in Rangeland Vegetation

Gopal S. Rawat and Bhupendra S. Adhikari

Alpine Grazing in the Snowy Mountains of Australia: Degradation and Stabilization of the Ecosystem

Ken Green, Roger B. Good, Stuart W. Johnston, and Lisa A. Simpson

Vegetation of the Pamir (Tajikistan): Land Use and Desertification Problems

Siegmar-W. Breckle and Walter Wucherer

Effects of Grazing on Biodiversity, Productivity, and Soil Erosion of Alpine Pastures in Tajik Mountains

Khukmatullo M. Akhmadov, Siegmar-W. Breckle, and Uta Breckle

Plant Species Diversity, Forest Structure, and Tree Regeneration in Subalpine Wood Pastures

Andrea C. Mayer, Veronika Stöckli, Christine Huovinen, and Michael Kreuzer

Patterns of Forest Recovery in Grazing Fields in the Subtropical Mountains of Northwest Argentina

Julieta Carilla, H. Ricardo Grau, and Agustina Malizia

Climatic and Anthropogenic Influences on the Dynamics of

Prosopis ferox Forests in the Quebrada de Humahuaca, Jujuy, Argentina

Mariano Morales and Ricardo Villalba

Conservation of Biodiversity in the Maloti–Drakensberg Mountain Range

Terry M. Everson and Craig.D. Morris

Effects of Anthropogenic Disturbances on Biodiversity: A Major Issue of Protected-Area Management in Nepal

Khadga Basnet

Agricultural Development and Biodiversity Conservation in the Páramo Environments of the Andes of Merida, Venezuela

Maximina Monasterio and Marcelo Molinillo

Multidimensional (Climatic, Biodiversity, Socioeconomic, and Agricultural) Context of Changes in Land Use in the Vilcanota Watershed, Peru

Stephan Halloy, Anton Seimon, Karina Yager, and Alfredo Tupayachi

Fire and Grazing — A Synthesis of Human Impacts on Highland Biodiversity

Eva M. Spehn, Maximo Liberman, and Christian Körner

The Moshi-La Paz Research Agenda on “Land Use Effects on Tropical and Subtropical Mountain Biodiversity”

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Ecology
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection