Land Use Effects on Streamflow and Water Quality in the Northeastern United States: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Land Use Effects on Streamflow and Water Quality in the Northeastern United States

1st Edition

By Avril L. de la Cretaz, Paul K. Barten

CRC Press

344 pages | 70 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9780849391873
pub: 2007-06-01
$205.00
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Description

Filling a long-standing need for a desk reference that synthesizes current research, Land Use Effects on Streamflow and Water Quality in the Northeastern United States reviews and discusses the impact of forest management, agriculture, and urbanization. The book provides a gateway to the diverse scientific literature that is urgently needed to understand and solve ubiquitous watershed management problems. The authors use an in-depth approach that focuses on the science behind sound management principles and practices.

The book begins with a summary of the scientific principles and processes that define and govern the interactions between activities on land and conditions in streams, lakes, and estuaries. Building on these principles, later chapters progress from basic science to small-scale, controlled field experiments to landscape-scale studies and their watershed management implications. This nested format parallels the development of watershed management projects and solutions. The deliberate integration of land use history, ecology, hydrology, chemistry, and resource management avoids the artificial separation of inter-related watershed characteristics and tracks causes and effects over realistic time scales.

The authors present the hydrologic and water quality principles on which to construct management plans for water supply watersheds across a wide range of sizes, configurations, and time scales. Rigorously reviewed by a distinguished panel of scientists and watershed managers, the book benefits from their collective experience across the full range of watershed science and management. It provides a diverse audience with the opportunity to update and expand their knowledge in critical areas of watershed science and management.

Table of Contents

Introduction

The Geographic and Scientific Scope of this Book

The Structure and Organization of this Book

The Physical Environment of the Northeastern United States

Population Growth and Distribution

Summary

Fundamentals of Hydrology

Introduction

The Water Balance

The Energy Balance

Precipitation

Water Movement and Storage in Soils

Evapotranspiration

Streamflow

Stream Channel Form and Function

Summary of Fundamental Principles

Nutrients, Pesticides, and Metals

Introduction

Nutrient Cycling and Conservation

Pesticides

Metals

Atmospheric Deposition

The Results of Nutrient Pollution: Accelerated Eutrophication

Summary

The Stream Ecosystem

Introduction

Aquatic Biota

Stream Habitat

Biological Monitoring

Summary

Riparian Areas and Riparian Buffers

Introduction

Riparian Areas

Riparian Buffers

Summary

Forest Management and Natural Disturbances

Introduction

Logging and Forest Conversion in the 19th and Early 20th Centuries

Forest Watershed Research

Changes in Streamflow, Sediment, Channel Form, and Temperature Following Forest Canopy Disturbance

Water Chemistry After Forest Canopy Disturbance

Effects of Forest Canopy Disturbance On Stream Ecosystems

Best Management Practices

Summary and Conclusions

Forest Conversion to Agriculture

Introduction

Development of the Agricultural Landscape (1620 to 1930)

Agricultural Research: Soil and Water

Changes in Streamflow, Sediment, and Channel Form Following Agricultural Clearing and Development

Agricultural Land Use and Water Chemistry

Agricultural Effects on Aquatic Ecosystems

Agricultural BMPs

Current Management Issues

Summary and Conclusions

Forest Conversion to Urban and Suburban Land Use

Introduction

Research in Urban Hydrology

Changes in Streamflow, Sediment, Channel Form, and Temperature Following Urban Development

Water Chemistry in Urban Streams

Urban Development and Aquatic Ecosystems

Urban BMPs

Stream Restoration

Summary and Conclusions

Mixed Land Use and Cumulative Effects

Regional Variation in Watershed Land Use

Watershed Analysis in Mixed Land Use Watersheds

Cumulative Effects

Summary and Conclusions

Conclusions and Management Implications

Introduction

The Biophysical Environment, Streamflow, and Water Quality

Current Research, Conservation, and Restoration Issues

Building Public Support

Summary and Conclusions

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science