Laser Spectroscopy and Laser Imaging: An Introduction, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Laser Spectroscopy and Laser Imaging

An Introduction, 1st Edition

By Helmut H. Telle, Ángel González Ureña

CRC Press

722 pages | 470 Color Illus.

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Description

"a very valuable book for graduate students and researchers in the field of Laser Spectroscopy, which I can fully recommend"

—Wolfgang Demtröder, Kaiserslautern University of Technology

How would it be possible to provide a coherent picture of this field given all the techniques available today? The authors have taken on this daunting task in this impressive, groundbreaking text. Readers will benefit from the broad overview of basic concepts, focusing on practical scientific and real-life applications of laser spectroscopic analysis and imaging. Chapters follow a consistent structure, beginning with a succinct summary of key principles and concepts, followed by an overview of applications, advantages and pitfalls, and finally a brief discussion of seminal advances and current developments. The examples used in this text span physics and chemistry to environmental science, biology, and medicine.

  • Focuses on practical use in the laboratory and real-world applications
  • Covers the basic concepts, common experimental setups
  • Highlights advantages and caveats of the techniques
  • Concludes each chapter with a snapshot of cutting-edge advances

This book is appropriate for anyone in the physical sciences, biology, or medicine looking for an introduction to laser spectroscopic and imaging methodologies.

Helmut H. Telle is a full professor at the Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.

Ángel González Ureña is head of the Department of Molecular Beams and Lasers, Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.

Reviews

"the book covers all established and many new techniques of laser spectroscopy…. well organized including an introduction to each chapter, a summary and insights into the cutting edges of the different subjects. This is certainly a very valuable book for graduate students and researchers in the field of Laser Spectroscopy, which I can fully recommend. I know both authors as leading scientists…."

—Wolfgang Demtröder, Kaiserslautern University of Technology

"Telle and Ureña’s beautifully produced book gives an impressive and accessible coverage of the field. It will be an invaluable resource."

—Prof. David L. Andrews, University of East Anglia

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

1.1 Lasers and their impact on spectroscopy and imaging

1.2 The organization of the book

2. The Interaction of Light with Matter

2.1 Absorption and emission of radiation

2.2 Fluorescence and phosphorescence

2.3 Light scattering: elastic processes

2.4 Light scattering: inelastic processes

2.5 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

3. The Basics of Lasers

3.1 The framework for laser action

3.2 Laser cavities: spatial field distributions and laser beams

3.3 Laser cavities: mode frequencies, line shapes and spectra

3.4 Laser cavities: temporal characteristics

3.5 Polarization and coherence properties of lasers and laser beams

3.6 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

4. Laser Sources Based on Gaseous, Liquid or Solid-State Active Media

4.1 Parameters of importance for laser spectroscopy and laser imaging

4.2 Gas laser sources (mostly fixed frequency)

4.3 Dye lasers (tunable frequency)

4.4 Solid-state laser sources (fixed and tunable frequency)

4.5 Fiber laser sources

4.6 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

5. Laser Sources Based on Semiconductor Media and Non-Linear Optic Phenomena

5.1 Semiconductor laser sources

5.2 Quantum cascade lasers

5.3 Laser sources based on non-linear optics – sum and difference frequency conversion

5.4 Laser sources based on non-linear optics – optical parametric Processes (down-conversion)

5.5 Remarks on laser safety

5.6 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

6. Common Spectroscopic and Imaging Detection Techniques

6.1 Spectral and image information and their retrieval

6.2 Photon detection: Single-element devices

6.3 Photon detection: Multi-element array devices

6.4 Charged particle detection

6.5 Detection by indirect phenomena

6.6 Signals, noise and signal recovery methodologies

6.7 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

7. Absorption Spectroscopy and its Implementation

7.1 Concepts of linear absorption spectroscopy

7.2 Line broadening and line shapes in absorption spectroscopy

7.3 Non-linear absorption spectroscopy

7.4 Multi-photon absorption processes

7.5 Key parameters and experimental methodologies in absorption spectroscopy

7.6 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

8. Selected Applications of Absorption Spectroscopy

8.1 Basic methodologies based on broadband sources

8.2 Absorption spectroscopy using frequency-combs

8.3 Absorption spectroscopy using tunable diode and quantum-cascade laser sources

8.4 Cavity-enhancement techniques

8.5 THz-spectroscopy

8.6 Photo-acoustic and photo-thermal spectroscopy with lasers

8.7 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

9. Fluorescence Spectroscopy and its Implementation

9.1 Fundamental aspects of the fluorescence emission

9.2 Structure of fluorescence spectra

9.3 Radiative lifetimes and quantum yield

9.4 Quenching, transfer and delay of fluorescence

9.5 Fluorescence polarization and anisotropy

9.6 Single-molecule fluorescence

9.7 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

10. Selected Applications of Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy

10.1 LIF measurement instrumentation in spectro-fluorimetry

10.2 Steady-state laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy

10.3 Time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy

10.4 Laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy at the small scale

10.5 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

11. Raman Spectroscopy and its Implementation

11.1 Fundamentals of the Raman process: excitation and detection

11.2 The structure of Raman spectra

11.3 Basic experimental implementations: key issues on excitation and detection

11.4 Raman spectroscopy and its variants

11.5 Advantages and drawbacks, and comparison to other "vibrational" analysis techniques

11.6 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

12. Linear Raman Spectroscopy

12.1 The framework for qualitative and quantitative Raman spectroscopy

12.2 Measuring molecular properties using linear Raman spectroscopy

12.3 Raman spectroscopy of gaseous samples

12.4 Raman spectroscopy of liquid samples

12.5 Raman spectroscopy of solid samples

12.6 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

13. Enhancement Techniques in Raman Spectroscopy

13.1 Waveguide-enhanced Raman spectroscopy

13.2 Cavity-enhanced Raman spectroscopy – CERS

13.3 Resonance Raman spectroscopy – RRS

13.4 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

14. Non-Linear Raman Spectroscopy

14.1 Basic concepts for non-linear Raman spectroscopy

14.2 Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy – SERS

14.3 Toward ultra-low concentration and ultra-high spatial resolution Raman spectroscopy – SLIPSERS and TERS

14.4 Hyper-Raman spectroscopy – HRS

14.5 Stimulated Raman spectroscopy – SRS

14.6 Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy – CARS

14.7 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

15. Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (Libs)

15.1 The method of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

15.2 Qualitative and quantitative LIBS analysis

15.3 Selected LIBS applications

15.4 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

16. Laser Ionization Techniques

16.1 Basic concepts of resonance-enhanced multi-photon ionization spectroscopy (REMPI)

16.2 Applications of REMPI in molecular spectroscopy and to molecular interaction processes

16.3 REMPI and analytical chemistry

16.4 Zero electron kinetic energy (ZEKE) spectroscopy

16.5 The technique of H-atom Rydberg tagging

16.6 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

17. Basic Concepts of Laser Imaging

17.1 Concepts of imaging with laser light

17.2 Image generation, image sampling and image reconstruction

17.3 Super-resolution imaging

17.4 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

18. Laser-Induced Fluorescence Imaging

18.1 Planar laser-induced fluorescence imaging (2D- and 3D-PLIF)

18.2 Fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT)

18.3 Super-resolution microscopy

18.4 Super-resolution fluorescence microscopy based on single-molecule imaging

18.5 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

19. Raman Imaging and Microscopy

19.1 Raman microscopic imaging

19.2 Surface-enhanced and tip-enhanced Raman imaging

19.3 Stimulated Raman loss (SRL) imaging

19.4 Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging

19.5 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

20. Diffuse Optical Imaging

20.1 Basic concepts

20.2 Basic implementation and experimental methodologies

20.3 Modelling of diffuse scattering and image reconstruction

20.4 Clinical applications of diffuse optical imaging and spectroscopy

20.5 Non-clinical applications of diffuse optical imaging and spectroscopy

20.6 Brief comparison with other medical imaging techniques

20.7 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

21. Imaging Based on Absorption and Ion Detection Methods

21.1 Imaging exploiting absorption spectroscopy: From the macro- to the nano-scale

21.2 Imaging exploiting absorption spectroscopy: Selected applications in biology and medicine

21.3 Charged particle imaging: Basic concepts and implementation

21.4 Charged particle imaging: Selected examples for ion and electron imaging

21.5 Breakthroughs … and the cutting edge

About the Authors

Helmut H. Telle received his degrees in Physics from the University of Cologne, Germany, in 1972 (BSc), 1974 (MSc) and 1979 (PhD), respectively. He exploited his newly-gained experience in and passion for laser spectroscopy during an extensive postdoctoral research period, which found him expanding his horizons at universities and research institutions in Canada and France, at physics and chemistry departments. In 1984 he settled in Wales, United Kingdom, to embrace a career in teaching and research in laser physics at Swansea University. His research activities – both at Swansea and within the framework of numerous international collaborations – encompass a wide range of laser-spectroscopic techniques. These he used predominantly for trace detection of atomic and molecular species, and applied them to analytical problems in industry, biomedicine and the environment on the one hand, but also to various fundamental aspects in science on the other hand. After nearly 30 years in Wales, he relocated to Spain to join the Instituto Pluridisciplinar of Madrid’s Universidad Complutense. Here he pursues new frontiers in laser spectroscopy of exotic species of interest to astroparticle physics and astronomy.

Ángel González Ureña graduated in chemistry from the University of Granada (Spain) in 1968, and then obtained his PhD in Physical Chemistry at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in 1972. During the period 1972-1974 he carried out postdoctoral research at the Universities of Madison (Wisconsin, USA) and Austin (Texas, USA), embracing reaction dynamics in molecular beams. On his return to Spain he took up the position of Associate Professor in Chemical Physics at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, and was promoted to Full Professor in 1983. The focus of his research activities mainly was on gas-phase, cluster and surface reaction dynamics, mostly utilizing molecular beam and laser spectroscopic techniques. In said work he was one of the pioneers in measuring threshold energies in chemical reactivity when changing the translational and electronic energy of the reactants. In recent years his interests branched out into the application of laser technologies to Analytical Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry, Biology and Food Science. He is heading the Department of Molecular Beams and Lasers at the Instituto Pluridisciplinar, associated with Madrid’s Universidad Complutense; for the first ten years of the institute’s existence he also was its first director.

About the Series

Series in Optics and Optoelectronics

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics
SCI078000
SCIENCE / Spectroscopy & Spectrum Analysis
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics