Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage: Principles and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage

Principles and Applications, 1st Edition

By Costas Fotakis, D. Anglos, V. Zafiropulos, Savas Georgiou, Vivi Tornari

CRC Press

336 pages | 142 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780750308731
pub: 2006-10-25
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Description

With the maturation of laser technology in diagnostic and conservation applications, conservation scientists, archeologists, art historians, researchers, and advanced science-oriented students now have the tools necessary for preserving the future of our past-our cultural heritage. Presenting recent developments in the field, Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage: Principles and Applications addresses the basic concepts of laser applications and supplies case studies of analytical, structural diagnostic, and laser cleaning applications. The book provides a comprehensive presentation of the fundamental principles and applications of modern laser technology in the analysis of composition, diagnostics of structural integrity, and conservation of artworks and antiquities.

Beginning with an introduction to the basic techniques used in art conservation and archeology, the book describes the fundamental aspects of laser-matter interactions, emphasizing laser diagnostics and laser processing applications. The next few chapters focus on laser-based spectroscopic techniques for the analysis of the composition of materials in art and archaeology, including laser-induced breakdown, Raman, and laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopic techniques. The book proceeds to highlight nondestructive diagnostic techniques, laser processing applications, laser applications for the cleaning of paintings and stone, and methods for the removal of encrustations. It concludes with case studies for the conservation of materials like parchment, paper, metal, ivory, and wood, and includes conservation approaches for modern paintings.

Bridging science with art, Lasers in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage presents a systematic overview of the fundamentals and applications of laser techniques in artwork conservation and archeological science.

Reviews

The work’s grouped and bibliographic historical presentation of the development of lasers in the field of cultural heritage, as well as the synopses and summaries are particularly useful. There is certainly also an abundance of characteristic and interesting applications. … The contributors offer a very serious piece of fieldwork, utilising scientific experience, technological expertise, and the results of individual works on the subject in question. Overall, this is a balanced presentation. The study is excellent reading for anyone interested in the area of cultural heritage — especially those working in the fields of conservation science, archaeology and art history — and, of course, researchers.

—Nikolaos E. Myridis, Contemporary Physics, May 2012

The book … describes how laser parameters associated with cleaning are chosen and the physics involved in various surface ablation processes. Key conservation practices are also addressed, such as removal of black encrustation from stone, varnish from paintings, and the laser cleaning of metals and paper. It details the use and benefit of diagnostics tools such as LIBS, Raman spectroscopy, and holography.

—Ed Teppo, Founder and Former President of Big Sky Laser Technologies, Inc.

The book is well-written and well-organized, with many up-to-date references and an informative and comprehensive index. Both laser and artwork conservationists will find it most useful.

—Dejan Pantelic, Optics & Photonics News, July/ August 2008, Vol. 19, No. 7/8

. . . succeeds in its ambitious goals of pulling together a wide range of laser-based applications in the cultural heritage field and presenting the material so that it is accessible at different levels. The authors deserve much credit for succeeding, and for providing a valuable source of information for those who have an interest in the preservation of artworks. I strongly recommend the book both to novices and to more experienced researchers.

—Martin Cooper, Physics Today, December 2007

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Art and Technology

Laser Technology and Applications

Laser Interactions with Materials

Types of Laser Applications in Cultural Heritage

Brief History of Laser Use in Preserving Cultural Heritage

The Structure of This Book

References

FUNDAMENTALS OF THE LASER DIAGNOSTICS AND INTERACTIONS WITH MATTER

Introduction

Basic Photophysical Concepts

Description of Laser-Induced Processes

Delineation of Processes with Increasing Laser Irradiance

References

LASER-INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTROSCOPY (LIBS): CULTURAL HERITAGE APPLICATIONS

Introduction: Why LIBS in Cultural Heritage?

Physical Principles

Instrumentation

Analytical Parameters and Methodology

Examples of LIBS Analysis in Art and Archaeology

LIBS in Combination with Other Techniques

Concluding Remarks

References

RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY IN CULTURAL HERITAGE

Introduction

Physical Principles

Instrumentation

Examples of Raman Analysis in Art and Archaeology

Raman Analysis in Combinations with Other Techniques

Concluding Remarks

References

LASER INTERFEROMETRY FOR DIRECT STRUCTURAL DIAGNOSTICS

Introduction: Laser Interference as Diagnostic Technique

Holography Principles

Holographic Interferometry NDT for Direct Assessment of Structural Condition of Artworks

Related Techniques

Complementary Integration, LASERACT

Summary

References

OVERVIEW OF LASER PROCESSING AND RESTORATION METHODS

Introduction

Laser-Induced Material Ejection

Ablation Metrics

Cleaning Methodologies

Assessment of the Laser-Induced Processes and Effects

Assessment of the Influence of Parameters

Ablation Plume/Plasma Dynamics

Experimental Techniques: Possibilities and Limitations

Experimental Setups

Conclusions

References

LASER CLEANING OF POLYMERIZED SUBSTRATES: REMOVAL OF SURFACE RESIN FROM PAINTINGS

Introduction

Optimization of Laser Parameters: General Considerations

Ablation Efficiency Studies

Light Transmission Studies

Chemical Alteration of Substrate

Laser Ablation of Aged Resin Layers from Paintings

Laser Ablation of Paint Layers from Composite Materials

Er:Yag Laser in the Removal of Surface Layers

Conclusions

References

LASER CLEANING OF ENCRUSTATIONS

Introduction

Major Operative Mechanisms and Associated Optical Phenomena

Removal of Encrustation: Test Case Studies

Conclusions

References

LASER CLEANING OF OTHER MATERIALS

Introduction

Parchment and Paper

Metal

Conclusions

References

INDEX

About the Series

Series in Optics and Optoelectronics

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI053000
SCIENCE / Optics
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics