Latin American Dictatorships in the Era of Fascism focuses on the reverse-wave of dictatorships that emerged in Latin America during the 1930s and the transnational dissemination of authoritarian institutions in the era of fascism.
António Costa Pinto revisits the study of authoritarian alternatives to liberal democracy in 1930s Latin America from the perspective of the diffusion of corporatism in the world of inter-war dictatorships. The book explores what drove the horizontal spread of corporatism in Latin America, the processes and direction of transnational diffusion, and how social and political corporatism became a central set of new institutions utilized by dictatorships during this era. These issues are studied through a transnational and comparative research design to reveal the extent of Latin America’s participation during the corporatist wave which by 1942 had significantly reduced the number of democratic regimes in the world.
This book is essential reading for students studying Latin American history, 1930s dictatorships and authoritarianism, and the spread of corporatism.
Table of Contents
List of Tables
Part I Dictatorships and Political Institutions in the Fascist Era
1 Social and political corporatism during the first wave of democratization
2 The Diffusion of Corporatism in Latin America: The Humus of Social Catholicism, Action Française, and Fascism in Latin America
Part II The Worlds of Dictatorships in Latin America
3 The 1930s Authoritarian Wave in Latin America
4 Uriburu and the failed Corporatist Dictatorship in Argentina
5 The Dictatorship of Ibáñez in Chile
6 Peru under Sánchez Cerro and Benavides
7 Rafael Franco and the ‘Febrerista’ Regime in Paraguay
8 The Bolivia of David Toro: ‘Military Socialism’ with a Fascist Overtone
9 Gabriel Terra and Uruguayan Dictablanda
10 The New State of Getúlio Vargas: The Primacy of Social Corporatism in Brazil
11 Lázaro Cardenas and the Permutations of Corporatism in Authoritarian Mexico
12 Laureano Gómez and the failure of Authoritarian Corporatism in Colombia
13 The 'Fascist Era' in Latin America: The Resilience of Competitive Authoritarianism – Concluding Remarks
António Costa Pinto is Research Professor at the Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon. He has been a visiting professor at Stanford University, Georgetown University and a senior visiting fellow at Princeton University, the University of California, Berkeley and New York University. He is the author of The Nature of Fascism Revisited (2012) and co-edited Rethinking Fascism and Dictatorship in Europe (2014) and Corporatism and Fascism (2017).
“In this new era of decline of the liberal democracies and questions about the viability of the liberal world economic order, this survey of the wave of corporatist regimes which swept Latin America in the 1930s is of great relevance. An expert on European fascism, Professor Costa has effectively used his extensive knowledge of that experience to provide an informed comparative analysis of the numerous anti-liberal and anti-democratic regimes which emerged in the interwar period in the Americas.”
Herbert S. Klein, Gouverneur Morris Professor Emeritus of History Columbia University
"This is a new key book by Antonio Costa Pinto, the world expert on corporatism and dictatorship. It is an essential reading for all those interested in the relationship between authoritarianism and capitalism, fascism and consensus and Latin American and global history. Focusing on Latin America in the era of fascism, Costa Pinto traces the roots of the first wave of attacks against democracy in the region and beyond. This excellent book allows us understand them (..). This is no small achievement."
Federico Finchelstein, Professor of History, New School for Social Research