This thoroughly updated edition provides a balanced review of the core methods and the latest research on animal learning and human memory. The relevance of basic principles is highlighted throughout via everyday examples to ignite student interest, along with more traditional examples from human and animal laboratory studies. Individual differences in age, gender, learning style, cultural background, or special abilities (such as the math gifted) are highlighted within each chapter to help students see how the principles may be generalized to other subject populations.
The basic processes of learning – such as classical and instrumental conditioning and encoding and storage in long-term memory in addition to implicit memory, spatial learning, and remembering in the world outside the laboratory – are reviewed. The general rules of learning are described along with the exceptions, limitations, and best applications of these rules. The relationship between the fields of neuropsychology and learning and memory is stressed throughout.
The relevance of this research to other disciplines is reflected in the tone of the writing and is demonstrated through a variety of examples from education, neuropsychology, rehabilitation, psychiatry, nursing and medicine, I/O and consumer psychology, and animal behavior.
Each chapter begins with an outline and concludes with a detailed summary. A website for instructors and students accompanies the book.
Updated throughout with new research findings and examples the new edition features:
'The book remains a solid presentation of basic principles of learning and memory, offered in a student-centered style with engaging examples of their applications to the real-world situations and problems that readers are likely to encounter. Whether considering how to study, how to make decisions or how much practice is necessary to become an expert, Terry offers clear summaries of what is consistent with research findings.' —J.W.(Bill) Whitlow, Rutgers University
1. Introduction 2. Habituation and Other Forms of Stimulus Learning 3. Classical Conditioning 4. Instrumental Conditioning: Reward 5. Instrumental Conditioning: Nonreward, Punishment, and Avoidance 6. Verbal Learning 7. Human Memory: Conceptual Approaches 8. Short-Term Memory 9. Encoding 10. Storage and Retrieval 11. Spatial, Motor-Skill, and Implicit Learning 12. Individual Differences in Learning and Memory