1st Edition

Linkage Power Europe The EU’s Trade Negotiations with China (1975-2019)

By Zhang Xiaotong Copyright 2023
    342 Pages 16 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book looks at the history of the EU’s trade negotiations with China from 1975 to 2019 from a distinctive perspective – the EU as a linkage power. The author explains how the EU through linkage strategies speaks with one voice, overcomes its weakness in military capabilities and translates its non-military capabilities into advantages and influences in some specific policy areas.

    The book systematically traces the European negotiators’ tactics in managing the EU’s trade relations with China. It’s the first time that the history of EU–China trade negotiations is presented to the public by a seasoned trade negotiator. The author, combining the identities of a negotiator and a scholar, gives a panoramic view of EU–China trade relations from 1975, when the European Economic Community established diplomatic relations with China, to 2019 when the Juncker Commission leaves office.

    This book will appeal to policymakers, think-tankers, professors and students, as well as anyone who is interested in trade policies and negotiations in the EU and China.

    The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis .com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.


    Theoretical Part 1. Linkage Power: Theoretical Construction 2. The EU as a Linkage Power - Building an Analytical Framework Empirical Part 3 The EU’s Trade Relations with China (1975-1988) 4. The EC as an offensive power (1989-1992) 5. The EU as a power through partnership (1993-2004) 6. The EU-China Textile Disputes in 2005 7. The EU’s Offensive for Market Access in China (2006-2008) 8. The EU’s Pursuit of Reciprocity (2009-2019) 9 EU: A Sui Generis Linkage Power at Work


    Zhang Xiaotong is Professor at the Institute of Belt and Road Initiative & Global Governance, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.