Oxidative modification of lipids and phospholipids-including radical damage, halogenation, and nitration-result in significant changes to the chemical properties of the molecules, which in turn have a major effect on their biochemical functions. Lipid oxidation has long been regarded as a deleterious process responsible for lipid rancidity, loss of
An Introduction to Redox Balance and Lipid Oxidation. CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF LIPID OXIDATION. Nonenzymatic Mechanisms of Lipid Oxidation. Enzymatic Oxidation of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids. Halogenated Lipids: Products of Peroxidase-Derived Reactive Halogenating Species Targeting Conventional Lipids. Formation of Nitrated Lipids and Their Biological Relevance. Protein Lipoxidation. Analysis of Lipid Peroxidation Products in Health and Disease. SITES OF BIOLOGICAL ACTIONS OF OXIDIZED LIPIDS. Oxidized Lipids as Damage-Associated Molecular Patterns in Inflammatory Responses. Formation and Beneficial Roles of Polyunsaturated Lipid Mediators: Lipoxins, Resolvins, Protectins, and Maresins. Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Action of Oxidized Phospholipids. Modulation of Toll-Like Receptor Signaling by Oxidized Phospholipids. Dietary Oxidized Lipids as Regulators of Intracellular Signaling Pathways: PPAR and NF-KB. Oxidized and Nitrated Lipid Interactions with the. Keap1-Nrf2 Pathway. OXIDIZED LIPIDS IN PATHOLOGY AND DISEASE. Role of Oxidized Phospholipids in Cardiovascular Disease. Cholesterol Oxidation Products in the Initiation, Progression, and Fate of Atherosclerotic Lesions. Lipid Peroxidation and Age-Related Neurodegenerative. Disorders. Association of Oxidative Stress and Lipids with Risk Factors of Metabolic Syndrome. Oxidized Lipid Products and Carcinogenesis.