Liquid Pipeline Hydraulics: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Liquid Pipeline Hydraulics

1st Edition

By E. Shashi Menon

CRC Press

296 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9780824753177
pub: 2004-06-21
$290.00
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Description

Avoiding lengthy mathematical discussions, this reference specifically addresses issues affecting the day-to-day practices of those who design, operate, and purchase liquid pipelines in the oil, water, and process industries. Liquid Pipeline Hydraulics supplies an abundance of practical examples and applications for an in-depth understanding of liquid properties, as well as the layout, assessment, and enhancement of effective pipeline systems.

The most valuable and reader-friendly reference available for engineers concerned with the optimization of liquid transportation through pipelines

Reviews

"Written by a professional engineer and consultant with more than 30 years experience in pipeline design and construction, this book illustrates key principles in fluid mechanics without the use of complicated formulas and theorems."

-Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 128, No. 4, April 2006

Table of Contents

Preface

INTRODUCTION

PROPERTIES OF LIQUIDS

Units of Measurement

Mass, Volume, Density, and Specific Weight

Specific Gravity and API Gravity

Viscosity

Vapor Pressure

Bulk Modulus

Fundamental Concepts of Fluid Flow

Summary

Problems

PRESSURE DROP DUE TO FRICTION

Pressure

Velocity

Reynolds Number

Flow Regimes

Friction Factor

Pressure Drop Due to Friction

Colebrook-White Equation

Hazen-Williams Equation

Shell-MIT Equation

Miller Equation

T.R. Aude Equation

Minor Losses

Internally Coated Pipes and Drag Reduction

Summary

Problems

PIPE ANALYSIS

Allowable Operating Pressure and Hydrostatic Pressure

Barlow's Equation for Internal Pressure

Line Fill Volume and Batches

Summary

Problems

PRESSURE AND HORSEPOWER REQUIRED

Total Pressure Required

Hydraulic Pressure Gradient

Series Piping

Parallel Piping

Transporting High Vapor Pressure Liquids

Horsepower Required

Effect of Gravity and Viscosity

System Head Curves

Injections and Deliveries

Pipe Branches

Pipe Loops

Summary

Problems

MULTI-PUMP STATION PIPELINES

Hydraulic Balance and Pump Stations Required

Telescoping Pipe Wall Thickness

Change of Pipe Grade: Grade Tapering

Slack Line and Open Channel Flow

Batching Different Liquids

Summary

Problems

PUMP ANALYSIS

Centrifugal Pumps Versus Reciprocating Pumps

Pump Head Versus Flow Rate

Pump Efficiency Versus Flow Rate

BHP Versus Flow Rate

NPSH Versus Flow Rate

Specific Speed

Affinity Laws: Variation with Impeller Speed and Diameter

Effect of Specific Gravity and Viscosity on Pump Performance

Pump Curve Analysis

Pump Head Curve Versus System Head Curve

Multiple Pumps Versus System Head Curve

NPSH Required Versus NPSH Available

Summary

Problems

PUMP STATION DESIGN

Suction Pressure and Discharge Pressure

Control Pressure and Throttle Pressure

Variable-Speed Pumps

Summary

Problems

THERMAL HYDRAULICS

Temperature-Dependent Flow

Formulas for Thermal Hydraulics

Summary

Problems

FLOW MEASUREMENT

History

Flow Meters

Venturi Meters

Flow Nozzle

Orifice Meter

Turbine Meters

Positive Displacement Meter

Summary

Problems

UNSTEADY FLOW IN PIPELINES

Steady Versus Unsteady Flow

Transient Flow Due to Valve Closure

Wave Speed in Pipeline

Transients in Cross-Country Pipelines

Summary

Problems

PIPELINE ECONOMICS

Economic Analysis

Capital Costs

Operating Costs

Feasibility Studies and Economic Pipe Size

Summary

Problems

APPENDIX A: TABLES AND CHARTS

APPENDIX B: ANSWERS TO SELECTED PROBLEMS

APPENDIX C: SUMMARY OF FORMULAS

REFERENCES

INDEX

About the Series

Mechanical Engineering

A Series of Textbooks and Reference Books

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI041000
SCIENCE / Mechanics / General
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical