Liquid State Electronics of Insulating Liquids: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Liquid State Electronics of Insulating Liquids

1st Edition

By Werner Schmidt

CRC Press

368 pages

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Hardback: 9780849344459
pub: 1997-06-25
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Description

Under certain conditions, liquids that usually do not conduct electrical currents become conductors, a phenomenon that is of interest to scientists in several different fields. In Liquid State Electronics of Insulating Liquids, one of the world's leading experts in dielectric liquids discusses the theoretical basis and the experiments on electronic conduction in nonpolar liquids. It provides a sound description of the concepts involved in electronic and ionic charge transport in these liquids.

This text also includes experimental techniques that graduate students, university researchers, and laboratory scientists will all find useful. Data tables provide first-order information on the magnitude of relevant quantities.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Physical and Chemical Properties of Nonpolar Liquids

The Electronic Band Model

Electron Statistics

Electronic Carrier Transport

The Liquid State

The Liquid Structure

Dielectric Properties

Thermophysical Properties

Production and Purification of Liquids

Chemical Structure

Measurement Methods

Introduction

Injection and Emission of Electrons, Holes, or Ions

Clearing Field Methods

AC Conductivity

Time-Resolved Conductivity Methods

Measurement of Hall Mobility

Optical Absorption

Electron Avalanches

Breakdown Measurements

Electron Pulses

Signal Processing

Measurement Cells

Transport Properties of Charge Carriers

Electron Drift Mobility

Hall Mobility

Positive Hole Transport

Ion Mobility

Charge Carrier Recombination

Electron Attachment and Detachment

Positive Charge Transfer

Photodetachment from Negative Ions and Photo-Assisted Electron Diffusion

Optical Absorption of Localized Electrons and of Cations

Geminate Electron/Ion Recombination

Phenomenological Theory of Electron Transport

Photoconductivity

Single Photon-Induced Conductivity in Pure Liquids

Single Photon Ionization of Solutes in Nonpolar Liquids

Multiphoton Effects

Onsager Theory

Radiation-Induced Conductivity

High Energy Radiation and Matter

Low Field Conductivity

High Field Conductivity

Conductivity Induced by High LET Particles

Multi-Ion Pair Theories

Free Ion Yield, Low LET

LET Dependence

Positrons and Positronium

Charge Transfer at Interfaces

Introduction

Photoelectric Effect in Nonpolar Liquids

Ranges of Photoinjected Electrons

Photoinduced Injection of Positive Charge Carriers

Electron Emission from Liquids

Field Emission of Electrons and Field Ionization

Effects of Injection Currents

2D Electrons

V0 Values

Models of Electron Energetics and Dynamics

Models of Electron Transport

Electron Bubbles in Cryogenic Liquids

Hole Transport

Hot Electrons

Thermalization Times of Hot Electrons

Conduction Band Energy V0

Ionic Polarization

Ion Mobility

Electric Breakdown

Introduction

Electron Avalanches

High Field Conduction

DC Breakdown

Impulse Breakdown

Laser-Induced Breakdown

Liquid Ionization Detectors

Liquid Ionization Chambers

Electron Pulse Chambers

Imaging Devices

Liquid Photocathodes

Scintillation

Large Volume Detectors

Electron Lifetime Measurements

Positive Ions and High Radiation Dose

Radiation Hardness

Nonpolar Solids

Solid Rare Gases and Simple Cryogenic Molecular Solids

Organic Solids

Polymers

Concluding Remarks

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC008000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electronics / General
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science