1st Edition

Literature and Philosophy in Nineteenth-Century British Culture Volume I: Literature and Philosophy of the Romantic Period

Edited By Monika Class, Cian Duffy Copyright 2024

    This three-volume collection of primary sources examines philosophy and literature in the nineteenth-century Britain. Accompanied by extensive editorial commentary, this collection will be of great interest to students and scholars of British Literature and Philosophy.

    Literature and Philosophy in Nineteenth Century British Culture

    Volume OneLiterature and Philosophy of the Romantic Period

    Edited by Monika Class and Cian Duffy 

    Table of contents

    General Introduction: "No longer such an Ancient Quarrel: Literature and Philosophy in Nineteenth-Century British Culture", Giles Whiteley

    Volume Introduction: "Romantic-era Literature and Philosophy: From Ancient Rivalry to Reciprocity" — Monika Class

    Part 1. Knowledge and Belief

    Part 1. Introduction: "God, Nature, and the Secularisation of Morality and Knowledge" — Monika Class

    1. William Paley, ‘The Unity of the Deity’, of Natural Theology: Or, Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity, Collected from the Appearances of Nature (London: Faulder, 1802), pp. 482–87.

    2. Anna Laetitia Barbauld (née Aikin), ‘An Address to the Deity’ of Poems (London: Joseph Johnson, 1773), pp. 125–30.

    3. Catharine Macaulay, Part III, Letter XIII, ‘The Question of Free Will and Necessity’, of Letters on Education: With Observations on Religious and Metaphysical Subjects (Dublin: Chamberlain and Rice, 1790), pp. 282–86.

    4. Friedrich August Nitsch, A General and Introductory View of Professor Kant Concerning Man, the World and the Deity (London: J. Downes, 1796), pp. 219–21.

    5. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, ‘Aphorisms on That Which Is Indeed Spiritual Religion: Aphorism VIII’, of Aids to Reflection: In the Formation of a Manly Character on the Several Grounds Prudence, Morality, and Religion; illustrated by select passages from elder divines, especially from Archbishop Leighton (Burlington: Goodrich, 1829), pp. 135–43.

    6. Henry Crabb Robinson, ‘Letter from an under-Graduate, at the University of Jena, on the Philosophy of Kant’, The Monthly Register and Encyclopedian Magazine 2, 7 (1802), pp. 6–12.

    7. Percy Bysshe Shelley, ‘Julian and Maddalo: A Conversation’, of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (ed.), Posthumous Poems of Percy Bysshe Shelley (London: John and Henry L. Hunt, 1824), pp. 3–12.

    8. Francis Jeffrey, ‘Stewart’s Account of the Life and Writings of Dr Thomas Reid, F. R. S. Edin’, The Edinburgh Review 3, 6 (1804), pp. 269–87. 272–77.

    Part 2. Self

    Part 2. Introduction: "The Reciprocity of Literature and Philosophy at the Intersection of Self and Other" — Monika Class

    9. Thomas Beddoes, ‘Of the Brunonian Doctrine’, of The Elements of Medicine of John Brown, M. D. Translated from the Latin Comments and Illustrations […] with a Biographical Preface by Thomas Beddoes (London: J. Johnson, 1795), pp. cxxvi–cxxxv.

    10. Elizabeth Hamilton, Excerpts from Ch. VII ‘Operation of the Selfish Principle in the Spirit of Party’, of A Series of Popular Essays, Illustrative of Principles Essentially Connected with the Improvement of the Understanding, the Imagination, and the Heart 2nd ed. vol. 2. 2 vols. (Edinburgh: Manners and Miller, 1813), pp. 38-42, 79-82.

    11. Charlotte Smith (neé Turner), ‘Sonnet XXXII: To Melancholy’, of Elegiac Sonnets. 5th edition (London: T. Cadell, 1789), p. 32.

    12. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, excerpt from Chapter XIII of Biographia Literaria, or Biographical Sketches of My Literary Life and Opinions vol. 1. 2 vols. (London: William Fenner, 1817), pp. 290–96.

    13. William Wordsworth, excerpt from Book II ‘School-time Continued’, of The Prelude, or Growth of a Poet’s Mind; an Autobiographical Poem (London: Edward Moxon, 1850), pp. 41–52.

    14. John Keats, excerpt from ‘Letter to Bailey, 22 November 1817; Letter to Brothers, 22 December 1817’, of Lord Houghton (ed.), The Life and Letters of John Keats (London: Edward Moxon, 1867), pp. 51–5, 74–6.

    15. William Hazlitt. An Essay on the Principles of Human Action: Being an Argument in Favour of the Natural Disinterestedness of the Human Mind (London: J. Johnson, 1805), pp. 1–8, 17-20.

    16. Thomas Carlyle, excerpt from Book II, ‘The Everlasting Yea’, of Sartor Resartus, 2nd edition (Boston: J. Monroe and Company, 1837), pp. 189–203.

    Part 3. Art and Criticism

    Part 3. Introduction: "Philosophical Aesthetics and Beyond" — Cian Duffy

    17. Archibald Alison, ‘Of the Effect Produced upon the Imagination by Objects of Beauty and Sublimity’, of Essays on the Nature and Principles of Tast, 4th edition (Edinburgh: George Ramsay, [1790] 1815), pp. 3–22.

    18. John Aikin and Anna Laetitia Barbauld (née Aikin), ‘On the Pleasure Derived from Objects of Terror’, of Miscellaneous Pieces, in Prose (London: J. Johnson, 1773), pp. 119–37.

    19. Ann Radcliffe, ‘On the Supernatural in Poetry’, The New Monthly Magazine and Literary Journal 16, 61 (1826), pp. 145–52.

    20. Richard Payne Knight, Book I of The Landscape, a Didactic Poem (London: W. Bulmer, 1794), lines 97–272, pp. 7-16.

    21. Joanna Baillie, ‘Introductory Discourse to Plays on the Passions’, of A Series of Plays Vol. 1 (London: Longman, 1798), pp. 17–25.

    22. Isaac D’Israeli, ‘On some Characteristics of a Youth of Genius’, of An Essay on the Manners and Genius of the Literary Character (London: T. Cadell, 1795), pp. 43–51.

    23. Charles Lamb, excerpt ‘On the Genius and Character of Hogarth; with some Remarks’, The Reflector 2 (1811), pp. 61–77. 63–68.

    24. Baroness Holstein Staël, excerpt from Ch. IX "Influence of the New German Philosophy on Literature and the Arts’, of Germany; Translated from the French Vol. 3. 3 vols. (London: John Murray, 1813), pp. 135–145.

    25. Thomas de Quincey, excerpt from ‘Lessing: Gallery of the German Prose Classics. By the English Opium Eater. Part II’, Blackwood’s Edinburg Magazine 21, 121 (Jan 1827), pp. 2–24. 11–18.

    26. Percy Bysshe Shelley, excerpt from ‘A Defence of Poetry’ [composed 1821] of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (ed.), Essays, Letters from Abroad, Translations and Fragments Vol. 1 (Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard, 1840), pp. 25–62. 53–60.

    Part 4. Society

    Part 4. Introduction: "Literature, Philosophy, and Revolution" — Cian Duffy

    27. Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, and on the Proceedings in Certain Societies in London Relative to that Event. In a Letter Intended to Have Been Sent to a Gentleman in Paris, 5th edition (London: J. Dodsley, 1790), pp. 47–54.

    28. Thomas Paine, Rights of Man: Being an Answer to Mr. Burke’s Attack on the French Revolution (London: J. S. Jordon, 1791), pp. 5–14.

    29. Mary Wollstonecraft, excerpt from Ch. XIII ‘Some Instances of the Folly which the Ignorance of Women Generates’, of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: With Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects (London: J. Johnson, 1792), pp. 248–56.

    30. Hannah More, excerpt from Ch. II ‘On the Education of Women’, of Strictures on the Modern System of Female Education Vol. 1. 2 vols. (London: T. Cadell, 1799), pp. 70–9.

    31. Maria and Richard Lovell Edgeworth, excerpt from ‘Tasks’, of Essays on Practical Education, 3rd ed., Vol. 1. 2 vols. (London: J. Johnson, [1798] 1811), pp. 74–83.

    32. Jeremy Bentham, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation. Printed in the Year 1780, and Now First Published (London: T. Payne, 1789), pp. i–vi.

    33. William Godwin, ‘Objection to the System from the Principle of Population’ of Enquiry Concerning Political Justice, and Its Influence on Morals and Happiness 2nd ed. vol. 2. 2 vols. (London: G.G. and J. Robinson, [1793] 1796), pp. 509–22.

    34. Thomas R. Malthus, ‘Error of Mr. Godwin’, of An Essay on the Principle of Population; or, a View of Its Past and Present Effects on Human Happiness (London: J. Johnson, 1798), pp. 250–63.

    35. James Stephen, The Opportunity; or, Reasons for an Immediate Alliance with St. Domingo (London: J. Hatchard, 1804), pp. 139–48.

    36. Thomas Carlyle, excerpt from ‘Art Vii Review of Anticipation; or, a Hundred Years Hence [on the Signs of the Times]’, Edinburgh Review 98, 48 (1829), pp. 439-59. 442–47.



    Dr Monika Class is a senior lecturer in English Studies at the Centre for Languages and Literature, Lund University, Sweden

    Cian Duffy is professor and chair of English literature at Lund University, Sweden