First published in 1999, this volume is an ambitious attempt to provide a wide-ranging introduction to local government in the overseas empires of Portugal, Spain, England and France, with further reference to the English East India Company and the Dutch East and West India Companies. In an exercise in compensatory history, the book examines government of empire not from the metropolitan perspective but at the local level, where government was most likely to impact on the everyday lives of both persons of European birth and indigenous peoples. The first part examines the institutional framework of local and regional government at the municipal, parish and county levels, extending this to include law and order, social welfare and education. The second part examines the social dimension of local government: governance in pluricultural societies; elite formation; creolization; representation and oligarchies; oversight, and negotiated authority. The work includes a comprehensive introduction, together with an extensive bibliography and a detailed index. Part one of two.
Table of Contents
Part I: Local Government: The Institutional Framework. Spanish and Portuguese Frameworks. 1. The Cabildo, Clarence, H. Haring. 2. Water and Bureaucracy in the Colonial Puebla de los Angeles, Sonya Lipsett-Riviera. 3. The Municipal Council of Goa, C. R. Boxer. 3 Local Government in Portuguese America: A Story in Cultural Divergence, A. J. R Russell-Wood. 5. El Real Tribunal de la Acordada y la Delincuencia en la Nueva Espana, Alicia Bazan Alarcon. British Mainland America and New France. 6. The Evolution of Massachusetts Town Government, 1640-1740, Kenneth A. Lockridge and Alan Kreider. 7. The Foundations of Social Order: Local Government in Colonial Maryland, Lois Green Carr. 8. The Pennsylvania County Commission System, 1712 – 1750, Clair K. Weller. 9. The Anglican Parish Vestry in Colonial Virginia, William H. Seiler. 10. Evolution of the Court, Paul M. McCain. 11. The Structure and Functioning of Local Government in South Carolina, Richard Waterhouse. 12. Philadelphia: Municipal Corporation, 1701-1776, Judith M. Diamondstone. 13. Le Regime Municipal en Nouvelle France, Gustave Lanctot.
'European and Non-European Societies and Christianity and Missions along with the other volumes in An Expanding World should become a standard collection for any academic library. The invaluable bibliography, the variety of themes, and the historical problems will engage students of all levels, undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral, in many aspects of early modern and world history for years to come.' Sixteenth Century Journal, Vol. XXX, No. 1