Local Peacebuilding and Legitimacy
Interactions between National and Local Levels
This volume searches for pragmatic answers to the problems that continue to beset peacebuilding efforts at all levels of society, with a singular focus on the role of legitimacy.
Many peacebuilding efforts are hampered by their inability to gain the support of those they are trying to help at the local level, or those at regional, national or international levels; whose support is necessary either for success at the local level or to translate local successes to wider arenas. There is no one agreed-upon reason for the difficulty in translating peacebuilding from one arena of action to another, but among those elements that have been studied, one that appears understudied or assumed to be unimportant, is the role of legitimacy. Many questions can be asked about legitimacy as a concept, and this volume addresses these questions through multiple case studies which examine legitimacy at local, regional, national and international levels, as well as looking at how legitimacy at one level either translates or fails to translate at other levels, in order to correlate the level of legitimacy with the success or failure of peacebuilding projects and programs
The value of this work lies both in the breadth of the cases and the singular focus on the role of legitimacy in peacebuilding. By focusing on this concept this volume represents an attempt to build beyond the critical peacebuilding approach of deconstructing the liberal peacebuilding paradigm to a search for pragmatic answers to the problems that continue to plague peacebuilding efforts at all levels of society.
This book will be of much interest to students of peacebuilding, conflict resolution, development studies, security studies and International Relations.
Table of Contents
1. By What Right? Competing Sources of Legitimacy in Intractable Conflicts.
Christopher Mitchell. 2. Legitimate Agents of Peacebuilding: Deliberative Governance in Zones of Peace Landon E. Hancock. 3. Between Shadow Citizenship and Civil Resistance: Shifting Local Orders in a Colombian War-Torn Community. Annette Idler, Cécile Mouly and Maria Belén Garrido. 4. Civilian Noncooperation as a Source of Legitimacy: Innovative Youth Reactions in the Face of Local Violence. Juan Masullo. 5. External Peacebuilders and the Search for Legitimacy: The Institute for Multi-Track Diplomacy in Kashmir. Rajit H. Das. 6. Legitimacy, International Accompaniment, and Land Reform in Colombia. Catherine Ammen and Christopher Mitchell. 7. Harnessing Legitimacy through Networks: Civilian-Led, Closed Virtual Communities as a New Type of Zone of Peace. Laura Villanueva. 8. Targets of Violence, Zones of Peace: The Child and School as Post-Conflict Spaces. Patricia A. Maulden. 9. Peace as a Tool of War: Non-State Armed Actors and Humanitarian Agreements. Sweta Sen. 10. Twisted Legitimacy? Leadership, Representation and Status in Traditional and Fragile Societies
Jacqueline Wilson. 11. Hybrid Sources of Legitimacy: Peacebuilding and Statebuilding in Somaliland. Mary Hope Schwoebel. 12. Legitimacy, Peace and Peacebuilding
Landon E. Hancock and Christopher Mitchell
Landon Hancock is Associate Professor in the School of Peace and Conflict Studies at Kent State University, USA.
Christopher Mitchell is Professor Emeritus of Conflict Analysis and Resolution and a Fellow of the Center for Peacemaking Practice at George Mason University, Virginia USA.