This volume guides the reader through a detailed examination of the text to an understanding of Locke’s political ideas in relation to his writings on philosophy, education, religion and economics and the influence these ideas had upon eighteenth-century political theorists. The author shows how Locke carefully constructed his political perspective as a defence of the principles of natural rights, constitutional government and popular resistance. He offers an original interpretation of the Two Treatises…, emphasizing the specific ways in which Locke’s political purposes in writing the work influence his discussion of such concepts as the state of nature, property, consent and tyranny. The author discusses the historical and biographical context of the work and demonstrates how eighteenth century political thinkers developed or rejected aspects of Locke’s political theory and summarizes important recent studies of Locke’s work.
1. The Development of Locke’s Political Theory 2. The Foundations of Lockean Political Theory 3. Natural Law, Reason and Hermaneutics 4. Property and Political Power 5. Natural Equality and Common Good 6. The Virtues of Commerce 7. The Structure of Constitutional Government 8. Resistance to Tyranny 9. The Coherence of Locke’s Thought 10. Locke and the Tensions of Liberalism Appendix: The Composition of Structure of the Two Treatises of Government. A Criticall Note on Locke Scholarship. Bibliography. Index.