Low-Cost, Low-Tech Innovation: New Product Development in the Food Industry, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Low-Cost, Low-Tech Innovation

New Product Development in the Food Industry, 1st Edition

By Vijay Vyas


164 pages | 33 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780415818995
pub: 2014-11-24
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780203577073
pub: 2014-11-13
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Like much of SMEs research, innovation studies of small enterprises have commenced later and are less numerous. The focus of such studies remains high-technology enterprises, which continue to attract both academic and popular interest, oblivious to the innovative endeavours of people in traditional low-tech industries.

This book attempts to address this imbalance through a comprehensive analysis of innovation in this largely neglected area. Based on case studies of seven small innovative food companies, this book presents an in-depth analysis of innovation in the Scottish food and drinks industry and unravels a lesser-known approach to effective low-cost product innovation, which is simple and economical, yet elegant and successful.

Using careful data collection and rigorous statistical testing, the analysis and findings in this book address a wide spectrum of interests: academics in business schools, policy makers in governments and executives and entrepreneurs in food and other low-technology sectors.


'Vijay Vyas addresses the dearth of significant research on low tech SMEs. Drawing from case studies of seven small companies it throws light on effective low-cost product innovation in small innovative Scottish food companies. It will be an insightful resource for SMEs seeking to be innovative, including the non-innovative food companies. Its analysis and findings offers significant suggestions for Government policy makers.' - Sunil Shukla, Professor, Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India

'Vijay Vyas's book provides a unique blend of insights that should be of interest to both academics and managers in the food industry. The book is full of insights about the role of innovation within Low-Tech industries and we are treated to a deep and well thought through study of the role of product innovation, its antecedents and its consequences for small business innovation' - Luke Pittaway, Professor, Center for Entrepreneurship, Ohio University, USA

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Innovation and new product development in the food industry: An overview of international research Chapter 2: Business Innovation: Meaning, antecedents, process and consequences 2.1. Definition of innovation 2.2. Taxonomy of innovation 2.3. Technical versus organisational innovation 2.4. Product versus process innovation 2.5. Radical versus incremental innovation 2.6. New to the firm versus new to the market innovations 2.7. Determinants of innovation: Internal characteristics of enterprise 2.8. Internal strategic factors 2.9. Internal non-strategic factors 2.10. Determinants of innovation: External characteristics 2.11. External industry specific factors 2.12. External region specific factors 2.13. The process perspective to innovation 2.14. Definition, taxonomy and perspectives of innovation: A Critique 2.15. Definition: The innovation-span 2.16. Taxonomy 2.17. Innovation perspectives: Process versus determinants 2.18. Conclusions Chapter 3: Methodology 3.1. The method 3.2. The knowledge gap 3.3. The epistemological foundation of inquiry 3.4. Case study design 3.5. The research process 3.6. The case study companies 3.7. Data collection 3.8. Data analysis 3.9. Triangulation survey Chapter 4: Context of Study I 4.1. The Scottish Food and Drinks Industry: An Overview 4.2. Introduction 4.3. Employment 4.4. Businesses 4.5. Exports 4.6. Retailing 4.7. Recent Trends 4.8. Conclusions Chapter 5: Context of Study II 5.1. Business Innovation in Scotland 5.2. Introduction 5.3. Innovation vision of the Scottish Government 5.4. R&D in Scotland 5.5. Innovation performance of busi nesses: Scotland versus UK 5.6. R&D and innovation in Scotland 5.7. Commercialisation of research by higher education institutes: 5.8. Small business innovation in Scotland: 5.9. The previous research: 5.10. Conclusions: Chapter 6: Innovation in case-study companies 6.1. Chief components of the innovation process 6.2. Idea generation 6.3. Idea validation 6.4. Idea implementation 6.5. Nature of innovation 6.6. What makes these companies innovative 6.7. How the grocery superstores are driving innovation 6.8. Types of innovation 6.9. Packaging 6.10. Pricing strategy 6.11. Quality 6.12. The innovation process in the Scottish food SMEs: A summary 6.13. Determinants of innovation 6.14. Market orientation: Within-case analysis 6.15. Market orientation: Cross-case analysis 6.16. Learning Processes: Within case analysis 6.17. Learning processes: Cross case analysis 6.18. Technology policy: Within case analysis 6.19. Technology Policy: Cross case analysis 6.20. Cooperation and Networking: Within case analysis 6.21. Cooperation and Networking: Cross case analysis 6.22. Financial resources, human resources and managerial efficiency: Within-case analysis 6.23. Analysis of age 6.24. Analysis of size 6.25. Key concepts emerging from the case studies Chapter 7: New product development in Scotland: A survey 7.1. Introduction 7.2. Survey Methodology 7.3. The questionnaire development 7.4. The survey process 7.5. The survey data 7.6. Self-selection bias 7.7. Survey findings 7.8. Analysis of general information 7.9. Analysis of information on innovation 7.10. Networking for innovation 7.11. Testing of hypotheses 7.12. Segregated data analysis 7.13. Influence of size: further test 7.14. Influence of age: further test 7.15. Survey limitations 7.16. Summary of survey results Chapter 8: Conclusions and implications 8.1. Background 8.2. Conceptual underpinnings of analysis: Definition of innovation 8.3. Taxonomy of innovation 8.4. Determinants of innovation 8.5. Internal strategic factors 8.6. Internal non-strategic determinants 8.7. Other explanations 8.8. Summing-up: Factors affecting innovation and new product development in Scottish enterprises 8.9. The underlying process of innovation in the case study companies 8.10. Implications of this research for non-innovative food companies 8.11. Implications of this research for the Government of Scotland Chapter 9: Research findings and extant literature: congruence, conflict and implications

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Innovation, Organizations and Technology

This innovative series explores the role of innovation and innovation management and technological advances from an organizational perspective. This series brings together theories from a wide range of individual disciplines and examines both the internal understanding and management and also an external, shareholder perspective. Routledge Studies in Innovation, Organizations and Technology (RIOT!) features cutting -edge research addressing all the major issues in business and management today, helping to define and advance the field.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Entrepreneurship
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / New Business Enterprises
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Development / Economic Development
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Industries / Agribusiness