Low Energy Low Carbon Architecture: Recent Advances & Future Directions, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Low Energy Low Carbon Architecture

Recent Advances & Future Directions, 1st Edition

Edited by Khaled Al-Sallal

CRC Press

310 pages | 85 Color Illus. | 41 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-05-05
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Description

Providing a complete and in-depth overview of the available knowledge in the area of low energy and low carbon architecture. The scope of this edited book includes several important topics ranging from chapters giving a broad view of the progressing models in ecologically responsible environments to other chapters focussing on recent advances in design strategies and building technologies in low energy heating, cooling, daylighting, materials, and building sustainable systems. Two other essential topics are covered, providing a link between theory and implementation: sustainable energy policies/standards and performance modeling in low energy architecture. Finally, the book will give the readers insight into the future of low energy and low carbon architecture in the beyond-green era and discussed in the broader context of the progressing theories of regenerative design.

Table of Contents

1. Energy and carbon emissions of buildings

Khaled A. Al-Sallal

1.1 Fast urbanization and increasing ecological footprints

1.2 Background

1.3 Buildings energy and emissions

1.4 Global actions to reduce building emissions

1.5 Conclusions

2. Passive and low energy cooling

Khaled A. Al-Sallal

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Fundamentals

2.3 Passive cooling and architectural design

2.4 Passive cooling in vernacular architecture

2.5 Passive cooling systems mainly effective in hot arid climates

2.6 Promoting airflow for comfort or structural cooling

2.7 Passive cooling employed mostly in hot humid climates

2.8 Conclusions

3. Daylighting

Khaled A. Al-Sallal

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Human necessities and benefits of daylight

3.3 Daylight source and characteristics

3.4 Photometry

3.5 Daylighting challenges

3.6 Daylight performance metrics

3.7 Modeling the daylight sky

3.8 Daylight evaluation using physical models

3.9 Design process

3.10 Daylighting strategies and rules of thumb

3.11 Daylighting aperture design

3.12 Advanced daylighting systems

3.13 Conclusions

4. Designing passive solar-heated spaces

Ulrike Passe &Timothy Lentz

4.1 Introduction: passive solar tradition, present and future

4.2 Principles of passive solar design: balancing sun, mass and air

4.3 Impact of cold climate

4.4 Passive solar design techniques and their design rules of thumb

4.5 The 2009 US DOE solar decathlon competition

4.6 Detailed analysis of passive solar design rules of thumb

4.7 Methodology

4.8 Temperature as performance indicator

4.9 Solar decathlon house analysis (2009): evaluation of passive solar design rules of thumb based on comparisons

4.10 Simulating solar radiation in the Interlock House in winter

4.11 Solar thermal storage wall in cold and cloudy climates

4.12 Overall conclusion

5. The human factor in sustainable architecture

Ardeshir Mahdavi

5.1 Introduction and overview

5.2 Human ecology

5.3 Boundary conditions

5.4 Building performance and human requirements

5.5 Building performance and human impact

5.6 Concluding remarks

6. Sustainable construction materials

Kenneth Ip &Andrew Miller

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Materials in construction

6.3 Demands for material resources

6.4 Life cycle of buildings

6.5 Life cycle assessment

6.6 Natural building materials

6.7 Conclusion

7. Water use and conservation

Alfredo Fernández-González

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Water distribution, shortages, and other challenges

7.3 The water and energy nexus: a symbiotic relationship

7.4 Site and building water management issues

7.5 Centralized vs. decentralized water supply systems

7.6 Integrated site and building water management (ISBWM)

7.7 Case studies

7.8 The Living Oasis: an innovative approach to ISBWM

7.9 Conclusions

8. Energy-efficient HVAC systems and systems integration

Walter Grondzik

8.1 Introduction

8.2 HVAC system expectations

8.3 Terminology

8.4 Commissioning of systems

8.5 HVAC source equipment

8.6 HVAC distribution and delivery options

8.7 HVAC system controls

8.8 Emerging HVAC system trends

8.9 HVAC systems integration

9. On-site renewable energy

Robert J. Koester

9.1 Introduction

9.2 On-site energy renewable energy: the presumptions

9.3 Planning for climate action at Ball State University

9.4 The content of the climate action plan

9.5 The implementation of the climate action plan

9.6 Conclusion

10. Shifting agendas

Raymond J. Cole &Amy Oliver

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Shifting from green to regenerative

10.3 ICT capability and automation

10.4 Importance of place

10.5 Conclusions

About the Editor

Khaled A. Al-Sallal is currently a professor of architectural engineering and the director of the Daylighting Simulation Laboratory at UAE University. His area of expertise is sustainable design with emphasis on building energy. He has a Ph.D. from Texas A&M University and a Master’s degree from Arizona State University. His teaching and research has focused on building performance and simulation, carbon-neutral design, daylighting, and climatic responsive architecture.

In 2011, he established the state-of-the-art Daylighting Simulation Laboratory at UAE University that runs under his technical management. He has produced numerous publications in international refereed journals and scientific conference proceedings, and wrote several chapters in edited books by reputable scientific publishers (Taylor & Francis, Elsevier, Hogrefe & Huber). He is currently the Editor-in-Chief of the EJER and served in the editorial board of four scientific journals.

About the Series

Sustainable Energy Developments

ISSN 2164-0645

Renewable energy sources and sustainable policy options, including energy efficiency and energy conservation, can provide long-term solutions for key-problems of industrialized, developing and transition countries by providing clean and domestically available energy and, at the same time, decreasing dependence on fossil fuel imports and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The book series will serve as a multi-disciplinary resource linking renewable energy with human society. The book series fulfils the rapidly growing worldwide interest in sustainable energy solutions. It covers all fields of renewable energy and their possible applications will be addressed not only from a technical point of view, but also from economic, financial, social, political, legislative and regulatory viewpoints.
The book series is considered to become a state-of-the-art source for a large group of readers comprising different stakeholders and professionals, including government and non-governmental organizations and institutions, international funding agencies, universities, public energy institutions, public health and other relevant institutions as well as to civil society.

Editorial Board
Jochen Bundschuh (Series Editor)
University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia & Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden
Morgan Bazilian Senior Advisor on Energy and Climate Change to the Director-General, United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), Vienna, Austria
Maria da Graça Carvalho Member of the European Parliament, Brussels & professor at Instituto Superior Técnico, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
Robert K. Dixon Leader, Climate and Chemicals, The Global Environment Facility, The World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Rainer Hinrichs-Rahlwes President of the European Renewable Energies Federation (EREF); Board Member of the German Renewable Energy Federation (BEE), Berlin, Germany
Veena Joshi Senior Advisor-Energy, Section Climate Change and Development, Embassy of Switzerland, New Delhi, India
Eric Martinot Senior Research Director, Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies (ISEP), Nakano, Tokyo & Tsinghua University, Tsinghua-BP Clean Energy Research and Education Center, Beijing, China

FIELDS COVERED• Access to clean energy • Bioenergy • Biofuels • Bio-inspired solar fuel production • Capacity building and communication strategies • Climate policy • Electric, hybrid plug-in, and hybrid vehicles • Energizing development • Energy autonomy and cities • Energy behavior • Energy conservation • Energy efficiency • Energy for the poor: The renewable options for rural electrification • Energy meteorology • Energy scenarios • Energy security • Energy storage • Energy-efficient buildings • Energy-efficient lighting • Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) • Financing energy efficiency • Fuel cells • Gender and energy • Geothermal energy for direct use (district heating, industry, agriculture, etc.) • Geothermal power generation • Green and greening computing • Green construction materials • Heat pumps • Hydrogen technologies • Labeling energy performance • Low energy architecture • Nano-energy • Renewable energy scenarios • Renewable energy strategies and policies • Renewable vehicle energy • Renewables energy for drinking water solutions • Renewables for poverty reduction • Renewables for small islands • Solar cars • Solar PV • Solar heating and cooling • Sustainable energy policies • Sustainable hydropower • Sustainable public transportation • Tidal energy • Water desalination using renewables • Wave power • Wind energy

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD:
Suresh K. Aggarwal, Chicago, USA - Ishfaq Ahmad, Arlington, USA - Sergio M. Alcocer, Mexico - Said Al-Hallaj, Chicago, USA - Khaled A. Al-Sallal, Al-Ain, UAE - Hussain Al-Towaie, Aden, Yemen - Joel R. Anstrom, University Park, USA - Kalyan Annamalai, College Station, USA - Jaco Appelman, Delft, The Netherlands - Santiago Arnaltes, Madrid, Spain - François Avellan, Lausanne, Switzerland - AbuBakr S. Bahaj, Southampton, UK - Ronald Bailey, Chattanooga, USA - Ramesh C Bansal, Brisbane, Australia - Ruggero Bertani, Rome, Italy - Prosun Bhattacharya, Stockholm, Sweden - Peter Birkle, Cuernavaca, Mexico - John Boland, Adelaide, Australia - Frances Brazier, Delft, The Netherlands - Gary W. Brudvig, New Haven, USA - Jens Burgtorf, New Delhi, India - Kirk W. Cameron, Blacksburg, USA - Thameur Chaibi, Tunis, Tunisia - Shih Hung Chan, Taipei, Taiwan - D. Chandrashekharam, Mumbai, India - S.K. Jason Chang, Taipei, Taiwan - Shanta Chatterji, Mumbai, India - Falin Chen, Taipei, Taiwan - Siaw Kiang Chou, Singapore - Daniel Cohn, Cambridge, USA - Erik Dahlquist, Västerås, Sweden - Holger Dau, Berlin, Germany - Sudipta De, Kolkata, India - Gilberto De Martino Jannuzzi, Campinas, S.P., Brazil - Kristin Deason, Berlin, Germany & Washington, USA - Tom Denniss, Macquarie Park, Australia - Roland Dimai, Dornbirn, Austria - Gregory Dolan, Alexandria, USA - Claus Doll, Karlsruhe, Germany - Peter Droege, Newcastle, Australia - Gautam Dutt, Buenos Aires, Argentina - James Edmonds, College Park, USA - Adeola Ijeoma Eleri, Abuja, Nigeria - Ali Emadi, Chicago, USA - Hans-Josef Fell, Berlin, Germany - Bruno Francois, Paris, France - Andrew Frank, Davis, USA - Petra Fromme, Phoenix, USA - Chris Gearhart, Dearborn, USA - John Golbeck, University Park, USA - José Goldemberg, Sao Paulo, Brazil - Barbara Goodman, Golden, USA - James Gover, Flint, USA - Amelia Hadfield, Brussel, Belgium - Jan Hoinkis, Karlsruhe, Germany - Einar Hope, Bergen, Norway - Yoichi Hori, Tokyo, Japan - Ernst Huenges, Potsdam, Germany - Iqbal Husain, Akron, USA - Gerald W. Huttrer, Frisco, USA - Tetsunari Iida, Tokyo, Japan - Rainer Janssen, München, Germany - Ma Jiming, Beijing, P.R. China - Guðni Jóhannesson, Reykjavík, Island - Thomas B. Johansson, Lund, Sweden - Perry T. Jones, Knoxville, USA - Soteris Kalogirou, Limasol, Cyprus - Ghazi A. Karim, Calgary, Canada - Arun Kashyap, New York, USA - Pertti Kauranen, Tampere, Finland - Lawrence L. Kazmerski, Golden, USA - Claudia Kemfert, Berlin, Germany - Thomas Kempka, Potsdam, Germany - Madhu Khanna, Urbana, USA - Ånund Killingtveit, Trondheim, Norway - Rob Kool, Utrecht, The Netherlands - Israel Koren, Amherst, USA - Arun Kumar, Uttarakhand, India - Naveen Kumar, Delhi, India - Chung K. Law, Princeton, NJ, USA - Harry Lehmann, Dessau, Germany - Dennis Leung, Hong Kong - Xianguo Li, Waterloo,Canada - Søren Linderoth, Roskilde, Denmark - Hongtan Liu, Miami,  USA - Wolfgang Lubitz, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany - Thomas Ludwig, Hamburg,Germany - Wolfgang F. Lutz, Ter Aar, The Netherlands / Asunción, Paraguay - Thomas Lynge Jensen, Suva, Fiji Islands - Sébastien Martinet, Grenoble, France - Omar R. Masera, Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico - Chang Mei, Cambridge, MA, USA - Pietro Menga, Milan, Italy - Gerd Michelsen, Lüneburg, Germany - James Miller, Argonne, USA - Daniel Mosse, Pittsburgh, USA - Urs Muntwyler, Burgdorf, Switzerland - Jayant K. Nayak, Mumbai, India - Emily Nelson, Cleveland, USA - Kim Nielsen, Virum, Denmark - Galal Osman, Cairo, Egypt - Alessandro Palmieri, Jakarta, Indonesia - Jérôme Perrin, Guyancourt, France - Gianfranco Pistoia, Rome, Italy - Josep Puig, Barcelona, Spain - Kaushik Rajashekara, Indianapolis, USA - Wattanapong Rakwichian, Chiang Mai, Thailand - Sanjay Ranka, Gainesville, USA - Klaus Rave, Kiel, Germany / Brussels, Belgium - Athena Ronquillo-Ballesteros, Washington, USA - Jack Rosebro, Los Angeles, USA - Marc A. Rosen, Oshawa, ON, Canada - Harald N. Røstvik, Stavanger, Norway - Ladislaus Rybach, Zurich, Switzerland - Ambuj D. Sagar, New Delhi, India - Roberto Schaeffer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - Frank Scholwin, Leipzig, Germany - Lisa Schipper, Bangkok, Thailand - Dietrich Schmidt, Kassel, Germany - Jamal Shrair, Budapest, Hungary - Semida Silveira, Stockholm, Sweden - Subhash C. Singhal, Richland, USA - Erik J. Spek, Newmarket, Canada - Gregory Stephanopoulos, Cambridge, MA, USA - Robert Stüssi, Lisboa, Portugal - Mario-César Suarez-Arriaga, Morelia, Mexico - Lawrence E. Susskind, Cambridge, MA, USA - Eoin Sweeney, Dublin, Ireland - Antoni Szumanowski, Warsaw, Poland - Geraldo Lúcio Tiago Filho, Minas Gerais, Brazil - Alberto Troccoli, Canberra, Australia - Eftihia Tzen, Pikermi, Greece - Hamdi Ucarol, Gebze/Kocaeli, Turkey - Veerle Vandeweerd, New York, USA - Peter F. Varadi, Chevy Chase, USA - Maria Wall, Lund, Sweden - Martin Wietschel, Karlsruhe, Germany - Sheldon S. Williamson, Montreal, Canada - Wolfgang Winkler, Hamburg, Germany - Ramon Wyss, Stockholm, Sweden - Jinyue Yan, Royal Stockholm, Sweden - Laurence T. Yang, Antigonish, Canada - Guillermo Zaragoza, Almería, Spain - Tim S. Zhao, Hong Kong

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC005000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / General
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC031010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Alternative & Renewable