Low Energy Low Carbon Architecture : Recent Advances & Future Directions book cover
1st Edition

Low Energy Low Carbon Architecture
Recent Advances & Future Directions

Edited By

Khaled Al-Sallal

ISBN 9781138027480
Published June 7, 2016 by CRC Press
348 Pages 85 Color & 41 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Providing a complete and in-depth overview of the available knowledge in the area of low energy and low carbon architecture. The scope of this edited book includes several important topics ranging from chapters giving a broad view of the progressing models in ecologically responsible environments to other chapters focussing on recent advances in design strategies and building technologies in low energy heating, cooling, daylighting, materials, and building sustainable systems. Two other essential topics are covered, providing a link between theory and implementation: sustainable energy policies/standards and performance modeling in low energy architecture. Finally, the book will give the readers insight into the future of low energy and low carbon architecture in the beyond-green era and discussed in the broader context of the progressing theories of regenerative design.

Table of Contents

1. Energy and carbon emissions of buildings
Khaled A. Al-Sallal
1.1 Fast urbanization and increasing ecological footprints
1.2 Background
1.3 Buildings energy and emissions
1.4 Global actions to reduce building emissions
1.5 Conclusions

2. Passive and low energy cooling
Khaled A. Al-Sallal
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Fundamentals
2.3 Passive cooling and architectural design
2.4 Passive cooling in vernacular architecture
2.5 Passive cooling systems mainly effective in hot arid climates
2.6 Promoting airflow for comfort or structural cooling
2.7 Passive cooling employed mostly in hot humid climates
2.8 Conclusions

3. Daylighting
Khaled A. Al-Sallal
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Human necessities and benefits of daylight
3.3 Daylight source and characteristics
3.4 Photometry
3.5 Daylighting challenges
3.6 Daylight performance metrics
3.7 Modeling the daylight sky
3.8 Daylight evaluation using physical models
3.9 Design process
3.10 Daylighting strategies and rules of thumb
3.11 Daylighting aperture design
3.12 Advanced daylighting systems
3.13 Conclusions

4. Designing passive solar-heated spaces
Ulrike Passe &Timothy Lentz
4.1 Introduction: passive solar tradition, present and future
4.2 Principles of passive solar design: balancing sun, mass and air
4.3 Impact of cold climate
4.4 Passive solar design techniques and their design rules of thumb
4.5 The 2009 US DOE solar decathlon competition
4.6 Detailed analysis of passive solar design rules of thumb
4.7 Methodology
4.8 Temperature as performance indicator
4.9 Solar decathlon house analysis (2009): evaluation of passive solar design rules of thumb based on comparisons
4.10 Simulating solar radiation in the Interlock House in winter
4.11 Solar thermal storage wall in cold and cloudy climates
4.12 Overall conclusion

5. The human factor in sustainable architecture
Ardeshir Mahdavi
5.1 Introduction and overview
5.2 Human ecology
5.3 Boundary conditions
5.4 Building performance and human requirements
5.5 Building performance and human impact
5.6 Concluding remarks

6. Sustainable construction materials
Kenneth Ip &Andrew Miller
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Materials in construction
6.3 Demands for material resources
6.4 Life cycle of buildings
6.5 Life cycle assessment
6.6 Natural building materials
6.7 Conclusion

7. Water use and conservation
Alfredo Fernández-González
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Water distribution, shortages, and other challenges
7.3 The water and energy nexus: a symbiotic relationship
7.4 Site and building water management issues
7.5 Centralized vs. decentralized water supply systems
7.6 Integrated site and building water management (ISBWM)
7.7 Case studies
7.8 The Living Oasis: an innovative approach to ISBWM
7.9 Conclusions

8. Energy-efficient HVAC systems and systems integration
Walter Grondzik
8.1 Introduction
8.2 HVAC system expectations
8.3 Terminology
8.4 Commissioning of systems
8.5 HVAC source equipment
8.6 HVAC distribution and delivery options
8.7 HVAC system controls
8.8 Emerging HVAC system trends
8.9 HVAC systems integration

9. On-site renewable energy
Robert J. Koester
9.1 Introduction
9.2 On-site energy renewable energy: the presumptions
9.3 Planning for climate action at Ball State University
9.4 The content of the climate action plan
9.5 The implementation of the climate action plan
9.6 Conclusion

10. Shifting agendas
Raymond J. Cole &Amy Oliver
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Shifting from green to regenerative
10.3 ICT capability and automation
10.4 Importance of place
10.5 Conclusions

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Khaled A. Al-Sallal is currently a professor of architectural engineering and the director of the Daylighting Simulation Laboratory at UAE University. His area of expertise is sustainable design with emphasis on building energy. He has a Ph.D. from Texas A&M University and a Master’s degree from Arizona State University. His teaching and research has focused on building performance and simulation, carbon-neutral design, daylighting, and climatic responsive architecture.
In 2011, he established the state-of-the-art Daylighting Simulation Laboratory at UAE University that runs under his technical management. He has produced numerous publications in international refereed journals and scientific conference proceedings, and wrote several chapters in edited books by reputable scientific publishers (Taylor & Francis, Elsevier, Hogrefe & Huber). He is currently the Editor-in-Chief of the EJER and served in the editorial board of four scientific journals.