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Low-Temperature Behaviour of Elastomers




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ISBN 9789004157200
Published November 1, 2007 by CRC Press
188 Pages

 
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Book Description

This book focuses on the effect the composition of rubbers and the conditions of their processing have on low-temperature resistance. It considers the nature and development of two physical processes, glass transition and crystallization, determining low-temperature behavior of elastomers. The book addresses the effects of deformation, pressure, and temperature on these processes. It discusses the contribution of different factors in frost-resistance of elastomeric materials and articles and the possibility of increasing frost-resistance by optimization of composition and design.

Table of Contents

Glass transition of elastomers
Methods of glass-transition temperature determination
Modern views of glass transition
Effect of the molecular parameters of rubbers and the composition of rubber compounds on glass-transition temperature
Effect of a mechanical action on glass-transition temperature

Mechanical properties of elastomers near the glass transition temperature
Mechanical properties in the region of transition from the rubberlike to the glassy state
Mechanical properties at temperatures below glass-transition temperature

Crystallization of elastomers at low temperatures
Methods of crystallization studies
Modern views of crystallization
Effect of mechanical action and other factors on crystallization
Effect of the molecular parameters of rubbers and the composition of rubber compounds on crystallization
Microcrystallization
Prediction of the crystallization rate

Stress-induced crystallization of elastomers
Kinetics of stress-induced crystallization
Morphology in stress-induced crystallization
Melting of oriented elastomers
Effect of the molecular parameters of rubbers and the composition of rubber compounds on stress-induced crystallization

Strength properties of elastomers at low temperatures
Strength of amorphous elastomers at low temperatures
Strength of crystallizable elastomers

Contribution of crystallization and glass transition to low-temperature resistance of elastomers
Mutual interaction of crystallization and glass transition
The ratio of the contributions by crystallization and glass transition to the low-temperature resistance of elastomers
Low-temperature resistance of rubber articles
Effect of repeated exposure to low temperatures on the performance of rubber articles

Low-temperature resistance specifics of particular elastomers
Styrene-butadiene rubbers
Butadiene acrylonitrile rubbers
Isoprene rubbers
Butadiene rubbers
Chloroprene rubbers
Butyl rubber
Silicon rubbers
Urethane rubbers
Thiocol rubbers
Fluoroelastomers
Acrylate rubbers
Ethylene-propylene rubbers
Epoxide rubbers
Polypentenomers
Alternating rubbers

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Author(s)

Biography

Bukhina, ; Kurlyand,