Using in-depth field research and analysis of case studies, Mafia Violence: Political, Symbolic, and Economic Forms of Violence in Camorra Clans focuses attention on the phenomenon of violence performed by Italian organised crime groups, devoting specific attention to the Camorra, which has been responsible since the mid-1980s for almost half of all mafia homicides documented in Italy. The Camorra has acquired increased visibility at an international level due to its intense use of violence and high level of dangerousness, but until now, the study of the different forms of violence implemented by mafias has not received systematic attention at the scientific level. Hence, this book fills this gap by providing a both theoretical and empirical contribution toward the analysis of one of the most unknown – although highly visible and dangerous – dimension of mafias’ action.
This collection of work by distinguished scholars provides a unique overview of the multifaceted characteristics of violence currently performed by mafia groups in Italy by focusing on specific actors – i.e., Camorra clans – but also other traditional mafia organisations such as Cosa Nostra and ’Ndrangheta; specific contexts – i.e., different territories and different markets, both legal and illegal; and specific practices and performances. Part I takes a diachronic and comparative perspective to provide an overview of mafias’ violence during the past 30 years, focusing on the three most prominent criminal organisations active in Italy: Camorra, Cosa Nostra, and ’Ndrangheta. Based on the outcomes of a major project carried out by a research group at the University of Naples Federico II from 2015 to 2017, Part II looks at the use of violence by Camorra clans, incorporating information from case studies, judicial files, law enforcement investigations, wiretappings, interviews with privileged observers, firsthand empirical data, and historical documents and social sciences literature.
Using a multi-disciplinary approach drawing from criminology, sociology, history, anthropology, economics, political science, and geography, this book is essential reading for international researchers and practitioners interested in piecing together the full picture of modern organised crime.
Table of Contents
PART I: Violence and Mafias
1. Mafia violence: Strategies, Representations, Performances – Monica Massari
2. "These Dead Are Not Ours": Identity Factors, Communicative Aspects and Regulative Meanings of Violence inside Cosa Nostra - Alessandra Dino
3. High-profile Mafia Murders: Understanding Targeted Assassinations Carried out by Organised Crime in Italy - Maurizio Catino and Francesco N. Moro
4. Forms of Capital and Mafia Violence – Rocco Sciarrone
5. Violence and Mafia: Symbol and Project - Umberto Santino
PART II: Beyond Gomorrah: Camorra Clans and the Use of Violence
6. Local Contexts and the Spatial Distribution of Criminal Phenomena: a Geographical Analysis - Caterina Rinaldi and Carlo De Luca
7. Violent Contexts and Camorra Clans – Luciano Brancaccio
8. Narrative of Violence in the Local Press - Gianluca Gatta
9. The Gentle Use of Violence and the Human Capital Recruitment Strategies of the Casalesi Clan - Mauro Castiello, Michele Mosca and Salvatore Villani
10. Violence and Regulation of the Labour Market in the Construction Sector: a Life History Approach - Vittorio Martone
11. Camorra Clans, Local Politics and Violence 1990-2015: the Case of the Province of Caserta - Felia Allum and Alessandro Colletti
12. The Use of Violence and Gender Dynamics within Camorra Clans - Gabriella Gribaudi
13.Community, Violence and Memory: the Case of Ottaviano - Carolina Castellano and Anna Maria Zaccaria
Monica Massari, PhD, is Associate Professor of Sociology at the Department of Political Science, University of Naples, Federico II, Italy. In 2015 she was elected member of the Executive Committee of the European Sociological Association (ESA) and is member of the Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime Network of experts. Among her recent publications published in English, edited books and journals include: "Reconsidering Transnational Organised Crime in the Shadow of Globalisation: the Case of Human Smuggling across the Mediterranean" (Hart Publishing, 2017); "At the Edge of Europe: The Phenomenon of Irregular Migration from Libya to Italy" (Palgrave, 2015); "The Sacra Corona Unita. Origins, Characteristics and Strategies" (Springer, 2014); and "Guns in the Family: Mafia Violence in Italy" (Cambridge University Press, 2013).
Vittorio Martone, PhD, Lecturer in Sociology, works at the Department of Culture, Politics and Society of the University of Turin, Italy. Among his recent English publications in this field: "Marketisation of Social Services and Mafia Infiltration: The Case of Migrant Reception Centres in Rome" (in European Review of Organised Crime, n. 4, 2017); and "State, Markets, and Mafias: Political-Criminal Networks and Local Governance in the Campania Region" (in European Review of Organised Crime, n. 1, 2014).