The concept of human security is a new approach to security that focuses on the individual human being and provides policy alternatives to the traditional state-centred view, which considers the state to be the only and ultimate referent of security. Formally introduced into the United Nations system in 1994 the concept’s intellectual roots draw from international humanitarian law, human rights and human development, and since its introduction human security has been progressively integrated into the international security discourse. Mainstreaming Human Security: Policies, Problems, Potential paints a comprehensive picture of the relevance of the concept of human security in practice in a time of changing security paradigms and a challenging international environment.
This volume looks at the practical implications of mainstreaming human security. It focuses on the potential, problems and policies of human security in peace operations and crisis management operations of the United Nations and of the European Union. Topics addressed by the contributors include mainstreaming human rights and human security in peace and crisis management in general and the role of human security in the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy, security sector reform, restorative responses to human rights violations by peacemakers, human security in Serbia and in African peace operations as well as proposals for human security training. The contributions to the book focus equally on mainstreaming human security in the UN and in the EU context. The global issues discussed and conclusions drawn are of relevance for the future of security addressed by peace and crisis management operations all over the world.
Table of Contents
Introduction Part 1: Mainstreaming Human Security in Peace Operations and Crisis Management 1. Human Security Mainstreaming in United Nations and European Union Crisis Management Operations: Policies and Practice, Wolfgang Benedek 2. Neutrality and Impartiality in Implementing Human Rights: A Framework for Measuring Human Security, Andrej Zwitter Part 2: Mainstreaming Human Security in United Nations Peace Operations 3. Institutionalizing Human Rights in UN Peacekeeping Operations: Critique of the Status Quo – and a Call for a Human Rights Law Post Bellum, Sylvia Maus 4. Restorative Responses to Human Rights Violations by Peacekeepers: Enhancing Human Security? Paul Redekop 5. Human Security and Security Sector Reform: Conceptual Convergences in Theory and Practice, Fairlie Chappuis 6. Operationalization through Training: Human Security Training and Education for Peacebuilding, Arno Truger Part 3: Mainstreaming Human Security in the European Security and Defence Policy 7. The European Way of Promoting Human Security in Crisis Management Operations: A Critical Stocktaking, Markus Möstl 8. Six Years of Mainstreaming Human Rights into ESDP: A Success Story? Hadewych Hazelzet 9. The Civilian Response Team of the European Union: A European Contribution to Operationalizing Human Security in International Crisis Management? Irene Kaufmann Part 4: Case Studies in Mainstreaming Human Security 10. Operationalizing Human Security in Societies in Transition: A Case Study of Serbia, Dragana Dulić 11. From State to Human Security: Institutionalizing and Operationalizing Human Security in Africa, Mohammud A. Hussien Part 5: Conclusions A Roadmap towards Mainstreaming Human Security, Wolfgang Benedek, Matthias C. Kettemann and Markus Möstl
Wolfgang Benedek is Professor of International Law, Head of the Institute of International Law and International Relations at the University of Graz, Austria, as well as director of the European Training and Research Centre for Human Rights and Democracy (ETC) Graz.
Matthias C. Kettemann is a Research and Teaching Fellow at the Institute of International Law and International Relations at the University of Graz, Austria.
Markus Möstl is a Research and Teaching Fellow at the Institute of International Law and International Relations at the University of Graz and researcher at the European Training and Research Centre for Human Rights and Democracy in Graz, Austria.