Making Climate Action More Effective
Lessons Learned from the First Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)
- Available for pre-order. Item will ship after July 20, 2021
Almost every country has formulated its Nationally Determined Contribution to the global response to climate change. These national climate action plans were key to the landmark adoption of the 2015 Paris Agreement. They will also be central to its implementation – even if, taken together, current plans are insufficient to meet the aims of the Paris Agreement. Every five years, countries update their NDCs to demonstrate increased ambition. But while essential, ambition alone is not enough. This book shows that to be able to realize their climate ambition, countries also need to enhance the effectiveness of their plans and policies. Enhancing effectiveness involves improving the transparency, coherence and implementability of their NDCs.
To ramp up ambition and effectiveness, future NDCs must build on and learn from experience. Based on a detailed analysis of the first round of NDCs by some of the world’s most knowledgeable climate policy experts, this book offers critical insights relevant to mitigation, adaptation and means of implementation. The book also discusses key elements of the Paris Agreement and broader climate policy, including the Enhanced Transparency Framework and the Paris Committee on Capacity Building, as well as considerations of equity and development. It is a must-read for researchers, policymakers, practitioners and civil-society experts working on climate policy.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Climate Policy.
Table of Contents
1. Beyond ambition: increasing the transparency, coherence and implementability of Nationally Determined Contributions
W. Pieter Pauw and Richard J.T. Klein
2. Ambition in the making: analysing the preparation and implementation process of the Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement
Frauke Röser, Oscar Widerberg, Niklas Höhne and Thomas Day
3. The 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement: voluntary contributions towards thematic policy coherence
Hannah Janetschek, Clara Brandi, Adis Dzebo and Bernd Hackmann
4. Exploring links between national climate strategies and non-state and subnational climate action in nationally determined contributions (NDCs)
Angel Hsu, John Brandt, Oscar Widerberg, Sander Chan and Amy Weinfurter
5. What are the implications of the Paris Agreement for inequality?
Caroline Zimm and Nebojsa Nakicenovic
6. Conditional nationally determined contributions in the Paris Agreement: foothold for equity or Achilles heel?
W. Pieter Pauw, Paula Castro, Jonathan Pickering and Shikha Bhasin
7. Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) as instruments for promoting national development agendas? An analysis of small island developing states (SIDS)
Aaron Atteridge, Cleo Verkuijl and Adis Dzebo
8. Capacity building for implementation of nationally determined contributions under the Paris Agreement
Mizan Khan, David Mfitumukiza and Saleemul Huq
9. Transparency requirements under the Paris Agreement and their (un)likely impact on strengthening the ambition of nationally determined contributions (NDCs)
Romain Weikmans, Harro van Asselt and J. Timmons Roberts
Pieter Pauw is policy advisor and senior researcher at the Frankfurt School – UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy and adjunct assistant professor at the Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development of Utrecht University. He has published extensively on adaptation, climate finance and nationally determined contributions (NDCs).
Richard Klein (Stockholm Environment Institute) has conducted research and provided policy advice on climate adaptation since 1992. He has served as lead author in six IPCC reports and co-led the Nordic Centre of Excellence for Strategic Adaptation Research. He founded the journal Climate and Development and was its editor-in-chief for ten years. In 2016, he received the Burtoni Award for excellence in adaptation research.