Written in response to the increasing interest in the making of ocean policy, this book surveys the history of U.S. ocean policy, ocean policy advocacy, and the struggle within government to determine how best to develop and implement a sensible ocean policy.
Part One: History 1. The History of the United States Ocean Policy Program Part Two: Advocacy 2. The Major United States Federal Government Marine Organization Proposals 3. National Organization for Ocean Management: Centralization vs Functionalization Part Three: Analysis 4. Organizing for Marine Policy: Some Views From Organization Theory 5. An Ecology of Governments: Coastal Zone Management in a Federal System 6. The Decision-Making Process and the Formulation of Marine Policies 7. Muddling-Through, Modeling-Through, Comprehensive-Integrating, and Unitary-Rational-Actor Policy-Making Processes 8. Multi-Attribute Utility Measurement for Coastal Zone Decision-Making 9. The Value of the Ocean to the United States: Historical Antecedents and Preliminary Measurements 10. Local Government Diversity and Federal Grant Programs: Design and Modification of the Coastal Energy Impact Program 11. Seaports as Public Enterprises: Some Policy Implications 12. Toward a Positive Model of Fishery Management Decision-Making Part Four: Studying Ocean Policy 13. The Prospects for Marine Policy Research 14. Providing Direction to the National Ocean Policy Research Effort