This book is an outcome of the Visual Values Workshop in 1982. It presents the ongoing research on state-of-the-art techniques and applications to address the human perception of changes in visual aesthetic resources and to assign psychological, social, and economic measures of value to visitors.
Part I: Defining the Experience 1. Defining the Recreation Experience 2. Shaping the Visual Experience: Historic Origins of Wilderness and Desert Aesthetic 3. Interpretation and Visitor Values Part II: Measuring Visual Perceptions 4. Human Perception of Visual Air Quality (Layered Haze) 5. Effects of Visual Range on the Beauty of National Parks and Wilderness Area Vistas 6. Implications of NCAR's Urban Visual Air Quality Assessment Method for Pristine Areas 7. Psychophysics, Visibility, and Perceived Atmospheric Transparency Part III: Visual Resource Management Systems 8. The Bureau of Land Management's Visual Resource Management System 9. Assessing the Reliability, Validity and Generalizability of Observer-Based Visual Impact Assessment Methods for the Western United States 10. Objective Evaluation of Visual Values Part IV: Social and Psychological Approaches to Value Assessment 11. A Role Theoretic Analysis of Scenic Quality Judgments 12. Visual Air Quality Values: Public Input and Informed Choice 13. Social Research Methods for Public Land Managers 14. An Examination of Methodologies for Assessing the Value of Visibility 15. Two Examples of Psychological Assessment of Visual Values 16. Assessing the Effect of Visual Air Quality Degradation on Visitor Enjoyment 17. Potential Contributions of Canonical Analysis to Visual Value Research 18. Altering the Visual Quality of a Recreation Resource and Activity Displacement Part V: Economic Approaches to Value Assessment 19. The Value to Visitors of Improving Visibility at Mesa Verde and Great Smoky National Parks 20. Economic Valuation of Potential Scenic Degradation at Bryce Canyon National Park 21. Priorities for Economic Analysis of Visibility Values 22. Existence and Bequest Value 23. Existence Value in a Total Valuation Framework 24. Unrevealed External Market Values: Values Outside the Normal Range of Consumer Choices Part VI: Management Perspectives and Case Studies 25. Managing Our Visual Resources 26. The Importance of Visibility Protection in the National Parks and Wilderness 27. Protection of the Visual Experience in the Flat Tops Wilderness 28. The Lake Tahoe Environmental Thresholds Study Part VII: Conclusions and Future Directions