Recent epidemics have prompted large-scale international interventions, aimed at mitigating the spread of disease in a globalized world. During a crisis, however, global health actions – including planning and organizing, communicating about risk, and cost–benefit evaluations – aren’t usually part of a single, integrated global response. Arguing that an uncoordinated approach can be challenged by local conditions and expectations, generating a wide range of resistance and difficulties, this volume provides important insights for future outbreak management and global health governance.
Drawing on experiences with A(H1N1) and Ebola virus disease, the book is divided into three parts looking at how responses to global health crises have developed, lessons learned from particular pandemics and the ethical implications of our management of them. Individual chapters focus on, among other issues, financing, cost–benefit analysis, matrix management, risk communication and organizational strategies.
Taking a social science perspective, this valuable book outlines the current state of global health emergency responses and explores ways in which they can be improved. It is a useful read for academics and practitioners interested in global health, the sociology of health and illness, health economics and emergency management.
Part I – Setting the stage
Chapter 1. The Challenges of Building Pandemic Response Systems on Unique Cases: SARS, A(H1N1), and 2014 Ebola epidemic Ann Keller
Chapter 2. Four Epidemic Frames that Shape Outbreak Responses Sylvie Briand & Margaux Mathis
Chapter 3. Future Strikes Back: International Public Health Crises and the Rise of Preparedness Loïs Bastide
Part II – Lessons Learned from A(H1N1) Pandemic and 2014 Ebola Virus Disease: A Multidisciplinary Point of View
Chapter 4. Comparing 2009 H1N1 Pandemic and 2014 Ebola Virus Disease:
Of Viruses, Surprises in Outbreak Responses and Global Healthing Mathilde Bourrier
Chapter 5. Epidemics and Risk Communication: Why are Lessons Not Learned? Claudine Burton-Jeangros
Chapter 6. Emergency Capabilities: Deploying WHO’s Communication in West Africa during 2014 Ebola epidemic Loïs Bastide
Chapter 7. The WHO Ebola Response Team: An Inside View on the Matrix Structure Alexandrine Dupras
Chapter 8. Shaping A(H1N1) Pandemic Response: Money will follow Nathalie Brender, David Maradan, Helene Pasquini-Descomps
Chapter 9. Financing the crisis: Public expenditure on the A(H1N1) influenza pandemic in Switzerland, Japan and the United States Hélène Pasquini-Descomps, Nathalie Brender, David Maradan
Chapter 10. The Organizational Puzzle of the Global Health System:
Insights from High Reliability Organizations Theory Mathilde Bourrier
Part III – Complementing views: Double Standard in Ethics and Care
Chapter 11. Scarcity in the Midst of Abundance:
The Case of the Medical Evacuation of the Cuban Patient in Geneva, Switzerland Aude Parfaite
Chapter 12. Reaching out to Ebola Victims: Coercion, Persuasion or an Appeal for Self-sacrifice?
Philippe Calain & Marc Poncin