Manual of Aquatic Sediment Sampling: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Manual of Aquatic Sediment Sampling

1st Edition

By Alena Mudroch, Jose M. Azcue

CRC Press

240 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781566700290
pub: 1995-02-15

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Little attention has been paid to the techniques for aquatic sediment sampling in the scientific literature dealing with environmental issues. With increasing interest in aquatic sediments as a sink source of contaminants in aquatic ecosystems, it has been recognized that sediment sampling is a complex and poorly documented discipline. No standardized methods exist to preserve the integrity of sediment and, particularly, sediment pore water, during sampling for different analyses and biological testing for assessment of sediment quality. A practical guide presenting the various methods available would prove extremely valuable. This is that guide.

The book begins with a description of the objectives of sediment sampling for different purposes and planning of sampling programs. Most commonly used and readily available samplers and sampling techniques are explained for routine monitoring of sediment contamination and studies of sediment quality. Sample handling, transport, and storage are outlined relevant to the subsequent use of the collected sediments in physico-chemical analysis and biological testing. Measurements and notes of observations in the field during collection of sediments are described. Methods and equipment for collection of sediment pore water are detailed, and the efficiency, cost, and safety involved in sediment sampling are considered. The Manual of Aquatic Sediment Sampling contains examples, figures, and tables to enhance the reader's understanding of the material and of the importance of choosing proper techniques in sediment sampling programs.

For each topic, recent citations are included from specialized literature. The Manual of Aquatic Sediment Sampling contains many examples, figures, and tables which will help the reader to understand the importance of choosing proper techniques in sediment sampling programs, and will provide a guide to preparation and execution of such programs.

Table of Contents


Procedures in Preparation of a Sediment Sampling Program


Review of Different Objectives

Selection of Sampling Stations

Sampling of Fine-Grained Sediments

Procedures for a Preliminary Determination of Fine-Grained Sediments Deposition

Selection of Sampling Stations in a River

Required Number of Sampling Stations

Positioning of Sampling Stations

Example of a Sediment Sampling Protocol

Examples of Selection of Sampling Stations in Studies of Bottom Sediments

Description of Equipment for Bottom Sediment Sampling


Choice of Equipment for Sediment Sampling

Bottom Sediment Samplers

Description of Equipment for Sediment Pore Water Sampling


Indirect Methods

In Situ Methods

Measurements and Handling of Samples in the Field


Measurements of pH and Eh

Sampling Description

Subsampling for Determination of Cation Exchange Capacity

Subsampling under Oxygen-Free Atmosphere

Sample Mixing and Subsampling into Prepared Containers

Sampling Hazardous Sediments and Safety Requirements

Handling, Preservation Techniques, and Storage of Sediment Samples


Containers for Sediment Samples

Handling Samples for Tests and Analyses on Wet Sediments

Handling Samples for Tests and Analyses on Dry Sediments

Preservation of Sediment and Pore Water Samples

Storage of Sediment Samples

Quality Control of Sediment Sampling


Quality Assurance in Sediment Sampling

Prevention of Sample Contamination

Procedures for Cleaning Containers for Sample Storage

Documentation of Sample Collection

Field Blanks and Background Samples

Preparation of Reference Materials

Guidelines for Sediment Quality

Costs Associated with Sediment Sampling


Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology