Manual of Small Public Water Supply Systems presents current concepts and practices affecting water treatment, financing, management, community involvement in water supply, institutional support, and development of human resources for improved operations and management of water supplies. Information on ground water, surface water, and SDWA requirements is also provided. In short, everything you need to run your small water treatment facility can be found in this book. Material is presented in a thorough, easy-to-read format and a complete bibiliography is included. Fully illustrated, Manual of Small Public Water Supply Systems will soon be dog-eared with use.
Preface. INTRODUCTION. Overview of Small Public Water Systems. SDWA Requirements. General Requirements. Institutional Concerns. Operations. SELECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF A WATER SOURCE. Introduction. Rights to the Use of Water. Sources of Water Supply. Quality of Water. Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). Water Testing and Labs. Contaminant Sources. Quantity of Water. Water Conservation. Fire Protection. Sanitary Survey. GROUND WATER. Rock Formations. Ground Water Basins. Sanitary Quality. Chemical and Physical Quality. Distance to Sources of Contamination. Evaluating Contamination Threats. Development of Ground Water. Construction of Wells. Sanitary Construction of Wells. Abandonment of Wells. Reconstruction of Existing Dug Wells. Special Considerations in Constructing Artesian Wells. Springs and Infiltration Galleries. SURFACE WATER FOR RURAL USE. Introduction. Sources of Surface Water. Development of Springs. Infiltration Galleries. WATER TREATMENT. Need and Purpose. Water Treatment. Disinfection. Disinfection with Ultraviolet Light. Disinfection with Ozone. Membrane Technologies. Aeration. Other Treatment. Package Plants. Household Water Treatment. Treatment Waste Disposal. PUMPING, DISTRIBUTION, AND STORAGE. Types of Well Pumps. Selection of Pumping Equipment. Sanitary Protection of Pumping Facilities. Installation of Pumping Equipment. Alternate Energy Sources and Pumps. Pumphousing and Appurtenances. Cross-Connections. Pipe and Fittings. Pipe Capacity and Head Loss. Protection of Distribution Systems. Disinfection of Distribution System. Determination of Storage Volume. Protection of Storage Facilities. INFORMATION, ASSISTANCE, AND COMMUNITY SUPPORT. Introduction. Information Resources. Community Involvement. Technical Assistance and Training. Financial Assistance. Water Rates. Personal Computers. Institutional Alternatives. BIBLIOGRAPHY. APPENDICES. Health Effects, Source of Contamination, and Treatment. Collection and Analysis of Bacteriological Samples. Identification by Human Senses. Recommended Procedure for Cement Grouting of Wells for Sanitary Protection. Emergency Disinfection. State Drinking Water Agencies. EPA Drinking Water Offices. National Organizations. Farmers Home Administration Offices. INDEX. LIST OF TABLES.