Manufacturing Techniques for Materials : Engineering and Engineered book cover
1st Edition

Manufacturing Techniques for Materials
Engineering and Engineered

ISBN 9781138099265
Published March 15, 2018 by CRC Press
790 Pages 464 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Manufacturing Techniques for Materials: Engineering and Engineered provides a cohesive and comprehensive overview of the following: (i) prevailing and emerging trends, (ii) emerging developments and related technology, and (iii) potential for the commercialization of techniques specific to manufacturing of materials. The first half of the book provides the interested reader with detailed chapters specific to the manufacturing of emerging materials, such as additive manufacturing, with a valued emphasis on the science, technology, and potentially viable practices specific to the manufacturing technique used. This section also attempts to discuss in a lucid and easily understandable manner the specific advantages and limitations of each technique and goes on to highlight all of the potentially viable and emerging technological applications. The second half of this archival volume focuses on a wide spectrum of conventional techniques currently available and being used in the manufacturing of both materials and resultant products. Manufacturing Techniques for Materials is an invaluable tool for a cross-section of readers including engineers, researchers, technologists, students at both the graduate level and undergraduate level, and even entrepreneurs.

Table of Contents

Part A: Emerging Techniques, Trends, and Advances in Manufacturing

1. Topological Optimization and Additive Manufacturing: Applications for Internal Pattern and Support

Nicolas Gardan

2. Design Features to Address Security Challenges in Additive Manufacturing

Nikhil Gupta, Fei Chen, and Khaled Shahin

3. Use of a Robotized Laser Powder-Feed Metal Additive Manufacturing System for Fabricating Metallic Metamaterials

Yaoyu Ding, Meysam Akbari, Xin-Lin Gao, Li Ai, and Radovan Kovacevic

4. The Technology and Applicability of Laser Additive Manufacturing for In-Situ Metal Matrix Composites and Functionally Graded Materials

Tushar Borkar and Rajarshi Banerjee

5. Electron Beam Rapid Prototyping Using Wires and Modification of the Surface

Marek St. Weglowski

6. Advances in the Processing and Fabrication of Bioinspired Materials and Implications by Way of Applications

Lakshminath Kundanati and Nicola M. Pugno

7. Energy Value Stream Mapping a Tool to Develop Green Manufacturing

Neha Verma and Vinay Sharma

8. The Relationship between Lean and Sustainable Concepts on Manufacturing Performance

Sri Hartini, Udisubakti Ciptomulyono, and Maria Anityasari

9. An Overview of Viable Unconventional Processing Methods for Advanced Materials

S. Jayalakshmi, R. Arvind Singh, R. Shabadi, J. Jayaraj, S. Seshan, and M. Gupta

10. Kinetics of Laser Surface Engineering of Three Aluminum Alloys

Sourabh Biswas and Sandip P. Harimkar

11. An Overview of Pulsed Electron Beam Treatment of Light Metals: Advantages and Applications

S. Jayalakshmi, R. Arvind Singh, S. Konovalov, Xizhang, Chen, and T. S. Srivatsan

12. Advances in the Fabrication of Functionally Graded Materials: Modeling and Analysis

Ankit Gupta and Mohammad Talha

13. The Use of Nanotechnology for Viable Applications in the Field of Medicine

M. Gholipourmalekabadi, M. T. Joghataei, A. Urbanska, B. Aghabarari, A. Bordbar-Khiabani, A. Samadikuchaksaraei, and M. Mozafari

PART B: Conventional Techniques, Approaches, and Applications in Manufacturing

14. An Overview of Conventional Manufacturing Techniques for Materials: A Few Highlights

T. S. Srivatsan, K. Manigandan, and T. S. Sudarshan

15. Advances in Understanding the Kinetics of Solidification: Modeling Microstructural Evolution

Mohsen Eshraghi and Sergio D. Felicelli

16. Analysis of Solidification Kinetics in Mold During Continuous Casting Process

Ambrish Maurya and Pradeep K. Jha

17. Use of Fused Deposition Modeling Assisted Investment Casting for Developing Functionally Graded Materials

Rupinder Singh

18. Influence of Nano-Fragmentation and Microstructural Optimization During Hot Working of Metals and Alloys

G. S. Avadhani, K. R. Y. Simha, and Y.V.R.K. Prasad

19. Techniques for Powder Processing of Alnico Magnets: Innovations and Applications

Emma M. White, Aaron G. Kassen, Iver E. Anderson, and Steve Constantinides

20. Techniques, Trends and Advances in Conventional Machining Practices for Metals and Composite Materials

Ramanathan Arunachalam, Sathish Kannan, and Sayyad Zahid Qamar

21. Advances and Applications of Non-Traditional Machining Practices for Metals and Composite Materials

Ramanathan Arunachalam, D.S. Srinivasu, and R. Thangaivelan

22. Recent Trends and Advances in Friction Stir Welding and Friction Stir Processing of Metals

P.S. Robi, Sukhomay Pal, and Biswajit Parida

23. Laser Welding of Nitinol Shape Memory Alloy: An Overview

Deepan Bharathi Kannan, P. Sathiya, and T. Ramesh

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Dr. T.S. Srivatsan is Professor of Materials Science and Engineering in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at The University of Akron. He received his Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering (B.Eng., 1980)] from Bangalore University and Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering (M.S. 1981) and Doctor of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering (Ph.D. 1984) from Georgia Institute of Technology. Dr. Srivatsan joined the faculty in The Department of Mechanical Engineering at The University of Akron in August 1987. Since joining, he has instructed undergraduate and graduate courses in the areas of (a) Advanced Materials and Manufacturing Processes, (b) Mechanical Behavior of Materials, (c) Fatigue of Engineering Materials and Structures, (d) Fracture Mechanics, (e) Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering, (f) Mechanical Measurements, (g) Design of Mechanical Systems, and (h) Mechanical Engineering Laboratory. His research areas currently span the fatigue and fracture behavior of advanced materials to include monolithic(s), intermetallic, nanomaterials and metal-matrix composites; processing techniques for advanced materials and nanostructure materials; inter-relationship between processing and mechanical behavior; electron microscopy; failure analysis; and mechanical design. He has authored/edited/co-edited 60 books in areas crosspollinating mechanical design; processing and fabrication of advanced materials; deformation, fatigue and fracture of ordered intermetallic materials; machining of composites; failure analysis; and technology of rapid solidification processing of materials. He serves as co-editor of International Journal on Materials and Manufacturing Processes and on the editorial advisory board of journals in the domain of Materials Science and Engineering. He has delivered over 200 technical presentations at national and international meetings and symposia; technical/professional societies; and research and educational institutions. He has authored and co-authored over 700 technical publications in archival international journals, chapters in books, proceedings of national and international conferences, reviews of books, and technical reports. In recognition of his efforts, contributions and their impact on furthering science, technology and education he has been elected (a) Fellow of the American Society for Materials, International (ASM Int.); (b) Fellow of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME); and (c) Fellow of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). He has also been recognized as: (i) Outstanding Young Alumnus of Georgia Institute of Technology, (ii) Outstanding Research Faculty, the College of Engineering at The University of Akron, and (iii) Outstanding Research Faculty at The University of Akron. He offers his knowledge in research services to the U.S. Air Force and Navy), National Research Laboratories, and industries related to aerospace, automotive, power-generation, leisure-related products, and applied medical sciences.


Dr. T.S. Sudarshan obtained his Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) degree in Metallurgy from Indian Institute of Technology Madras and completed his Master of Science (M.S.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degrees in Materials Engineering Science from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), USA. Dr. Sudarshan is currently the President and CEO of Materials Modification Inc., which is at the forefront of research, development and commercialization of advanced materials utilizing novel processing techniques. He has demonstrated technological leadership for well over three decades, and has worked extensively throughout his career in the areas spanning nanotechnology and surface engineering for which he is very well known throughout the world. Through his leadership, he has raised over $60 million in funding for the primary purpose of very high-risk, high-payoff advanced technology related programs in several nontraditional areas. Dr. Sudarshan has published well over 175 plus peer reviewed papers and has edited 32 books in the areas spanning Surface Modification Technologies and Advanced Materials. He is editor of two international journals, Surface Engineering and Materials and Manufacturing Processes, and holds over 25 patents. He has chaired numerous committees for all federal agencies, chaired many committees of the Ohio Third Frontier, served as a member of the National Materials Advisory Board and Trustee of ASM International. In recognition of his efforts, contributions and impact on furthering science, technology and their far-reaching applications, he has been elected as: (a) Fellow of the American Society for Materials, International (ASM Int.); (b) Fellow of the International Federation for Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering (IFHTSE), and (c) Fellow of the Institute of Materials. He was also awarded the Distinguished Alumni of Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Madras).

Dr. K. Manigandan obtained his Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng. 2009) degree in Mechanical Engineering from SASTRA University, India and his Master of Science (M.S. 2011) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D. 2014) degrees in Mechanical Engineering from The University of Akron, USA. Dr. Manigandan is presently Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at The University of Akron. He is the author of over 60 technical publications in archival journals, proceedings of national and international conferences, and technical reports. His research interests and expertise include failure and fracture analysis of materials across the broad spectrum of metals and the family of composites to include novel metal-matrix composites and high-performance ceramic matrix composites. His current research interest and involvement is the use of innovative testing techniques to understand the mechanical behavior of novel materials, spanning both engineering (metals) and engineered (composites) for use in performance critical applications in the aerospace industry.


"The new trends in manufacturing techniques, and in particular additive manufacturing, have the potential to revolutionize the manufacturing industry. In these is also the challenge as the design will no longer only be the design of component, but also the internal structures of the material must be designed and be compliant with the component function. This puts the material in the center and the book puts the finger on this and by its content takes the first steps in lifting this to the potential readers."
Anders E. W. Jarfors, Jönköping University, Sweden


"The present book presents a blend of topics that are of immense importance to students and practitioners in the world of manufacturing. Latest trends in both the conventional and emerging manufacturing techniques are addressed which will be great interest to researchers, students and industry. Most of the chapters provides a review ensuring that the subject matter will be suitable even for a non‐specialist reader. It is certain that visibility of this book will be phenomenal as it provides a one‐stop learning for various topics related to manufacturing."

—Manoj Gupta, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore

"…very informative collection of research articles and reviews that cover the state-of-the art technologies in manufacturing and materials. The book is a must to have as a reference material for scientists, engineers, academicians and at industries."

-Sankaranarayanan Seetharaman, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore

"Current, up to date and great detail for manufacturing materials along with excellent references."
—Jacob J. Stiglich