Mass Transfer and Separation Processes : Principles and Applications, Second Edition book cover
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2nd Edition

Mass Transfer and Separation Processes
Principles and Applications, Second Edition




ISBN 9781420051599
Published April 25, 2007 by CRC Press
512 Pages - 141 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Mass transfer along with separation processes is an area that is often quite challenging to master, as most volumes currently available complicate the learning by teaching mass transfer linked with heat transfer, rather than focusing on more relevant techniques.

With this thoroughly updated second edition, Mass Transfer and Separation Processes: Principles and Applications presents a highly thoughtful and instructive introduction to this sophisticated material by teaching mass transfer and separation processes as unique though related entities. In an ever increasing effort to demystify the subject, with this edition, the author—

  • Avoids more complex separation processes
  • Places a greater emphasis on the art of simplifying assumptions
  • Conveys a greater sense of scale with the inclusion of numerous photos of actual installations
  • Makes the math only as complicated as necessary while reviewing fundamental principles that may have been forgotten

The book explores essential principles and reinforces the concepts with classical and contemporary illustrations drawn from the engineering, environmental, and biological sciences. The theories of heat conduction and transfer are utilized not so much to draw analogies but rather to make fruitful use of existing solutions not seen in other texts on the subject.

Both an introductory resource and a reference, this important text serves environmental, biomedical, and engineering professionals, as well as anyone wishing to gain a grasp on this subject and its increasing relevance across a number of fields. It fills a void in traditional chemical engineering literature by providing access to the principles and working practices that allow mass transfer theory to be applied to separation processes.

Table of Contents

Some Basic Notions.  Rates of Mass Transport
Gradient-Driven and Forced Transport
Transport Driven by a Potential Difference. The Film Concept and the Mass Transfer Coefficient
The Two-Film Theory
Modeling Mass Transport:  The Mass Balances
The Compartment or Stirred Tank and the One-Dimensional Pipe
The Classification of Mass Balances
The Information Obtained from Model Solutions
Setting-up Partial Differential Equations
The General Conservation Equations
Diffusion Through Gases, Liquids and Solids
Diffusion Coefficients
More About Diffusion.  Transient Diffusion and Diffusion with Reaction
Transient Diffusion
Diffusion and Reaction
More About Mass Transfer Coefficients
Dimensionless Groups
Mass Transfer Coefficients in Laminar Flow: Extraction from the PDE Model
Mass Transfer in Turbulent Flow. Dimensional Analysis and the Buckingham p Theorem
Mass Transfer Coefficients for Tower Packings
Mass Transfer Coefficients in Agitated Vessels
Mass Transfer Coefficients in the Environment: Uptake and Clearance of Toxic Substances in Animals. The Bioconcentration Factor
Phase Equilibria
Single Component Systems. Vapor Pressure
Multicomponent Systems: Distribution of a Single Solute
Multicomponent Equilibria. Distribution of Several Components
Staged Operations: The Equilibrium Stage
Equilibrium Stages
Staged Cascades
The Equilibrium Stage in the Real World
Multistage Distillation
Percolation Processes
Stage Efficiencies
Continuous-Contact Operations
Packed-Column Operations
Membrane Processes
Simultaneous Heat and Mass Transfer
The Air-Water System: Humidification and Dehumidification, Evaporative Cooling
Drying Operations
Heat Effects in a Catalyst Pellet. The Nonisothermal Effectiveness Factor
References
Appendix

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