Mass Transfer and Separation Processes: Principles and Applications, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Mass Transfer and Separation Processes

Principles and Applications, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By Diran Basmadjian

CRC Press

512 pages | 141 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781420051599
pub: 2007-04-25
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429140235
pub: 2007-04-25
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Mass transfer along with separation processes is an area that is often quite challenging to master, as most volumes currently available complicate the learning by teaching mass transfer linked with heat transfer, rather than focusing on more relevant techniques.

With this thoroughly updated second edition, Mass Transfer and Separation Processes: Principles and Applications presents a highly thoughtful and instructive introduction to this sophisticated material by teaching mass transfer and separation processes as unique though related entities. In an ever increasing effort to demystify the subject, with this edition, the author—

  • Avoids more complex separation processes
  • Places a greater emphasis on the art of simplifying assumptions
  • Conveys a greater sense of scale with the inclusion of numerous photos of actual installations
  • Makes the math only as complicated as necessary while reviewing fundamental principles that may have been forgotten

The book explores essential principles and reinforces the concepts with classical and contemporary illustrations drawn from the engineering, environmental, and biological sciences. The theories of heat conduction and transfer are utilized not so much to draw analogies but rather to make fruitful use of existing solutions not seen in other texts on the subject.

Both an introductory resource and a reference, this important text serves environmental, biomedical, and engineering professionals, as well as anyone wishing to gain a grasp on this subject and its increasing relevance across a number of fields. It fills a void in traditional chemical engineering literature by providing access to the principles and working practices that allow mass transfer theory to be applied to separation processes.

Table of Contents

Some Basic Notions.  Rates of Mass Transport

Gradient-Driven and Forced Transport

Transport Driven by a Potential Difference. The Film Concept and the Mass Transfer Coefficient

The Two-Film Theory

Modeling Mass Transport:  The Mass Balances

The Compartment or Stirred Tank and the One-Dimensional Pipe

The Classification of Mass Balances

The Information Obtained from Model Solutions

Setting-up Partial Differential Equations

The General Conservation Equations

Diffusion Through Gases, Liquids and Solids

Diffusion Coefficients

More About Diffusion.  Transient Diffusion and Diffusion with Reaction

Transient Diffusion

Diffusion and Reaction

More About Mass Transfer Coefficients

Dimensionless Groups

Mass Transfer Coefficients in Laminar Flow: Extraction from the PDE Model

Mass Transfer in Turbulent Flow. Dimensional Analysis and the Buckingham p Theorem

Mass Transfer Coefficients for Tower Packings

Mass Transfer Coefficients in Agitated Vessels

Mass Transfer Coefficients in the Environment: Uptake and Clearance of Toxic Substances in Animals. The Bioconcentration Factor

Phase Equilibria

Single Component Systems. Vapor Pressure

Multicomponent Systems: Distribution of a Single Solute

Multicomponent Equilibria. Distribution of Several Components

Staged Operations: The Equilibrium Stage

Equilibrium Stages

Staged Cascades

The Equilibrium Stage in the Real World

Multistage Distillation

Percolation Processes

Stage Efficiencies

Continuous-Contact Operations

Packed-Column Operations

Membrane Processes

Simultaneous Heat and Mass Transfer

The Air-Water System: Humidification and Dehumidification, Evaporative Cooling

Drying Operations

Heat Effects in a Catalyst Pellet. The Nonisothermal Effectiveness Factor



Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics