First published in 1982, Means and Ends in Education explores the contrasts between approaches to teaching where teaching is simply a means to some other end; approaches in which the end determines the means; and approaches in which means and ends are integrated and education serves an intrinsic purpose.
The book considers the concept of education and evaluates different processes and techniques of teaching and learning. Divided into three parts, it covers instrumentalist approaches, learner-oriented approaches, and liberal approaches to education. It puts forward differing views as to what the term ‘education’ means to different professions and in different contexts, and how different approaches result in a very different experience for the recipient. It also discusses the extent to which an evaluation of methods of education and an evaluation of the aims of education are linked.
Means and Ends in Education will appeal to those with an interest in the philosophy of education.
Table of Contents
Preface; Introduction; Part One: Instrumentalist Approaches; 1: Teaching as Conditioning; 2: Machines, Teaching and Educational Technology; 3: Sleep-Teaching, Hypnosis and the Concept of Free Will; Part Two: Learner-Oriented Approaches; 4: Discovery Methods; 5: Self-Direction, Self-Expression and Autonomy; Part Three: Liberal Approaches; 6: Teaching, Training and Educating; 7: Education and Indoctrination; Conclusions; Further Reading; Bibliography; Index