2nd Edition

Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement

Edited By John G. Webster, Halit Eren Copyright 2014
    1921 Pages 1055 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    1921 Pages 1055 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    The Second Edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes.

    Organized according to measurement problem, the Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement volume of the Second Edition:

    • Contains contributions from field experts, new chapters, and updates to all 98 existing chapters
    • Covers sensors and sensor technology, time and frequency, signal processing, displays and recorders, and optical, medical, biomedical, health, environmental, electrical, electromagnetic, and chemical variables

    A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.





    Part I: Sensors and Sensor Technology

    Soft Sensors: Software-Based Sensors

    Petr Kadlec

    Implantable Systems

    Vincenzo Luciano, Emilio Sardini, Alessandro Dionisi, Mauro Serpelloni, and Andrea Cadei

    Bio-Inspired and Life-Inspired Sensors

    Cesar Ortega-Sanchez and Halit Eren

    Image Sensors

    Mehdi Habibi

    Principles and Technology of SQUIDs

    Robert L. Fagaly

    Next Generation of Smart Sensors

    Michael E. Stanley and Stéphane Gervais-Ducouret

    Needle-Type Environmental Sensors

    Woo Hyoung Lee, Jin-Hwan Lee, Woo-Hyuck Choi, Ian Papautsky, and Paul L. Bishop

    Single-Chip Chemical and Biological Sensors

    Alireza Hassanzadeh and Robert G. Lindquist

    CMOS Integrated Gas Sensors

    Prasanta K. Guha, Sumita Santra, and Julian W. Gardner

    Energy Harvesting for Sensors: DC Harvesters

    Oscar Lopez-Lapeña, Maria Teresa Penella, and Manel Gasulla

    Energy Harvesting for Sensors: AC Harvesters

    Maria Teresa Penella, Oscar Lopez-Lapeña, and Manel Gasulla

    Hydrogen Gas Sensors: Flow

    H. El Matbouly, F. Domingue, V. Palmisano, and L. Boon-Brett

    Thermal Sensors: Flow

    Nam-Trung Nguyen

    SQUID Magnetometers

    Robert L. Fagaly

    Sensor Networks and Communication

    Robert M. Crovella

    Part II: Electrical Variables

    Electric Current Sensors

    Pavel Ripka

    Nonlinear System Modeling with Invariance to Fourier Transform for Fault Diagnosis: Application to Power Transformers

    Gerasimos Rigatos and Pierluigi Siano

    Meter Voltage Measurement

    Alessandro Ferrero

    Oscilloscope Voltage Measurement

    Jerry Murphy

    Inductive and Capacitive Voltage Measurement

    Cipriano Bartoletti, Luca Podestà, and Giancarlo Sacerdoti

    Current Measurement

    Douglas P. McNutt

    Power Measurement

    Pasquale Arpaia, Francesco Avallone, Aldo Baccigalupi, and Carmine Landi

    Power Factor Measurement

    Michael Z. Lowenstein

    Phase Measurement

    Peter O’Shea

    Energy Measurement

    Arnaldo Brandolini and Alessandro Gandelli

    Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity

    Michael B. Heaney

    Charge Measurement

    Saps Buchman, John T. Mester, and T.J. Sumner

    Capacitance and Capacitance Measurements

    Halit Eren

    Permeability and Hysteresis Measurement

    Jeff P. Anderson and Richard J. Blotzer

    Inductance Measurement

    Michal Szyper

    Immittance Measurement

    Achim Dreher

    Distortion Measurement

    Michael F. Toner and Gordon W. Roberts

    Noise Measurement

    W. Marshall Leach, Jr.

    Part III: Electromagnetic Variables

    Microwave Measurement

    Alfons Dehé, K. Beilenhoff, K. Fricke, H. Klingbeil, V. Krozer, and H.L. Hartnagel

    Q Factor Measurement

    Albert D. Helfrick

    EMI and EMC Test Methods

    Jeffrey P. Mills

    Permittivity Measurement

    Devendra K. Misra

    Electric-Field Strength

    David A. Hill and Motohisa Kanda

    Magnetic Field Measurement

    Robert L. Fagaly and Steven A. Macintyre

    RF/Microwave Spectrum Analysis

    Roberto Ambrosini, Stelio Montebugnoli, Claudio Bortolotti, and Mauro Roma

    Part IV: Time and Frequency

    Time Measurement

    Michael A. Lombardi

    Frequency Measurement

    Michael A. Lombardi

    Part V: Optical

    Photoconductive Sensors

    Fritz Schuermeyer and Thad Pickenpaugh

    Photojunction Sensors

    Michael R. Squillante, Kanai S. Shah, and James F. Christian

    Vision and Image Sensors

    Stanley S. Ipson and Chima Okereke

    Charge-Coupled Devices

    John A. Nousek, M.W. Bautz, B.E. Burke, J.A. Gregory, R.E. Griffiths, R.L. Kraft, H.L. Kwok, and D.H. Lumb

    Densitometry Measurement

    Joseph H. Altman


    Robert T. Marcus

    Polarization Measurement

    Soe-Mie F. Nee

    Refractive Index Measurement

    Gerry H. Meeten

    Turbidity Measurement

    Daniel Harrison and Michael Fisch

    Laser Output Measurement

    Haiyin Sun

    Optical Loss: Principles and Applications

    M.M. Rad, Halit Eren, and Martin Maier

    Part VI: Chemical Variables

    Interference and Selectivity in Portable Chemical Sensors

    Denise Wilson

    Electrochemical Composition Measurement

    Michael J. Schöning, Arshak Poghossian, Olaf Glück, and Marion Thust

    Thermal Composition Measurement

    Mushtaq Ali, Behrooz Pahlavanpour, and Maria Eklund

    Kinetic Composition Measurement

    E.E. Uzgiris and J.Y. Gui

    Chromatography Composition Measurement

    Behrooz Pahlavanpour, Mushtaq Ali, and C.K. Laird

    pH Measurement

    Norman F. Sheppard, Jr. and Anthony Guiseppi-Elie

    Part VII: Medical, Biomedical, and Health

    Wireless Sensor Networks in Health

    Enrique Dorronzoro, Isabel Gómez, Ana Verónica Medina, Luis Fernández-Luque, and Jose Antonio Gómez

    Sensors for Electrical Impedance Tomography

    Tushar Kanti Bera and J. Nagaraju

    Patient-Care Sensing and Monitoring Systems

    Akihiro Kajiwara and Ryohei Nakamura

    Sensor-Based Activity Recognition Techniques

    Donghai Guan, Weiwei Yuan, and Sungyoung Lee

    Biopotentials and Electrophysiology Measurement

    Nitish V. Thakor

    Blood Pressure Measurement

    Shyam Rithalia, Mark Sun, and Roger Jones

    Blood Flow Measurements

    Per Ask and P. Åke Öberg

    Medical Imaging

    James T. Dobbins III, Sean M. Hames, Bruce H. Hasegawa, Timothy R. DeGrado, James A. Zagzebski, and Richard Frayne

    Blood Chemistry Measurement

    Terry L. Rusch and Ravi Sankar

    Human Occupancy Detectors

    Jacob Fraden

    Part VIII: Environmental

    GPR Principles and Applications

    Jan Francke

    Airborne Radiometers to Measure Electromagnetic Radiation in the Earth’s Atmosphere: Mature and Emerging Technologies

    Manfred Wendisch

    In Situ Sensors for Monitoring the Marine Environment

    Graham A. Mills, Gary R. Fones, and Silke Kröger

    Mobile Environmental Sensing Using Smartphones

    Siamak Aram, A. Toriono, F. Rugiano, and E. Pasero

    Space Dosimetry

    Jarvis A. Caffrey and David M. Hamby

    Capacitance Sensors for Nondestructive Moisture Determination in Agricultural Products and Biofuel Materials

    Chari V. Kandala and Naveen Puppala

    Radio Location, Radio Navigation, and GPS Systems

    Halit Eren

    Air Pollution Monitoring

    Michael Bennett

    Water Quality Measurement

    Kathleen M. Leonard

    Satellite Imaging and Sensing

    Robert F. Cromp

    Humidity and Moisture Measurement

    Gert J.W. Visscher

    Ventilation Measurement

    L. Basano and P. Ottonello

    Meteorological Measurement

    John D. Garrison and Stephen B.W. Roeder

    Robotics and Sensors: Environmental Applications

    Gourab Sen Gupta

    Part IX: Signal Processing


    David M. Beams


    Rahman Jamal and Robert Steer

    Spectrum Analysis and Correlation

    Ronney B. Panerai

    Applied Intelligence Processing

    Peter H. Sydenham and Rodney Pratt

    Analog-to-Digital Converters

    E.B. Loewenstein


    A.M. MacLeod, P.F. Martin, and W.A. Gillespie

    Grounding and Shielding

    Daryl Gerke and William Kimmel

    Amplifiers and Signal Conditioners

    Ramón Pallás-Areny

    Data Acquisition Systems

    Edward McConnell

    Part X: Displays and Recorders

    Plasma-Driven Flat Panel Displays

    Robert T. McGrath, Ramanapathy Veerasingam, William C. Moffatt, and Robert B. Campbell

    Electroluminescent Displays

    William A. Barrow

    Light-Emitting Diode Displays

    Mohammad A. Karim

    Magnetic and Optical Recording

    Yufeng Li

    Liquid Crystal Displays

    Kalluri R. Sarma

    Cathode Ray Tube Displays

    Christopher J. Sherman

    Appendix: Units and Conversions

    B.W. Petley



    John G. Webster received his BS from Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA and M.Sc and Ph.D from University of Rochester, New York, USA. A fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Instrument Society of America, American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, Biomedical Engineering Society, and Institute of Physics, he served on the IEEE-EMBS Administrative Committee and NIH Surgery and Bioengineering Study Section, authored/co-authored and edited/co-edited numerous books and publications, and received the IEEE-EMBS Career Achievement Award. A highly cited researcher for King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, he is currently a professor emeritus at University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

    Halit Eren received his BS, M.Sc, and Ph.D from University of Sheffield, UK. He also obtained an MBA from Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia. He has served as an instrumentation engineer at Etibank, as well as an assistant professor for Hacettepe University and Middle East Technical University, all in Turkey. An author and co-editor of several books and publications, he was associate professor at Polytechnic University, Hong Kong and visiting professor at University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA. A senior member of IEEE taking roles in Region 10 activities and various committees for organizing conferences, he is currently teaching and conducting research at Curtin University.