Over the past decade, several initiatives have been launched to address the major health problems affecting the world's poorest countries, including global efforts to combat HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria. More recently, a millennial challenge has been laid down to root out and confront the links between poverty and health. Using demographic surveillance systems, the INDEPTH researchers aim to contribute both to the empirical knowledge about health equity in developing countries and to report on the application of and innovation in tools and methods. Illustrated with case studies from Africa and Asia, this book puts forward a comprehensive view of the INDEPTH methodologies and findings. It develops and measures concepts and constructs of 'poverty' and 'equity' and relates these to health status. While tools and concepts for measuring health status are more developed, this volume contributes by grappling with new concepts and tools to measure changes in deprivation and disadvantage, adding to this intense theoretical and methodological debate.
Contents: Epidemiology and the study of socio-economic inequalities in health, Saul S. Morris; Socio-economic status and health inequalities in rural Tanzania: evidence from the Rufiji demographic surveillance system, Eleuther Mwageni, Honorati Masanja, Zaharani Juma, Devota Momburi, Yahya Mkilindi, Conrad Mbuya, Harun Kasale, Graham Reid and Don de Savigny; Child health inequity in rural Tanzania: can the national millennium development goals include the poorest?, Rose Nathan, Joanna Armstrong-Schellenberg, Honorati Masanja, Sosthenes Charles, Oscar Mukasa and Hassan Mshinda; Health inequalities in the Kassena-Nankana district of Northern Ghana, Cornelius Debpuur, Peter Wontuo, James Akazili and Philomena Nyarko; Socio-economic status and child mortality in a rural sub-district of South Africa, Kathleen Kahn, Mark Collinson, James Hargreaves, Sam Clark and Stephen Tollman; Maternal vulnerability and socio-economic inequalities in child mortality in West Africa: an exploratory study, Morten Sodemann, Amabelia Rodrigues, Jens Nielsen and Peter Aaby; Parent's socio-economic status and social support as risks for child mortality: consideration of health equity in The Gambia, Amy Ratcliffe, Kate Halton, Rosalind Coleman, Maimuna Sowe and Gijs Walraven; Health and health care: equity aspects in FilaBavi, Vietnam, Nguyen Duy Khe, Pham Huy Dung, Ho Dang Phuc, Hoang Van Minh, Nguyen Xuan Thanh, Bo Eriksson, Vinod Diwan and Nguyen Thi Kim Chuc; Does health intervention improve health equity? Evidence from Matlab, Bangladesh, Abdur Razzaque and Peter Kim Streatfield; Socio-economic and regional disparity in the utilization of reproductive health services in Bangladesh, Abdullahel Hadi and M. Showkat Gani; Development, validation and performance of a rapid consumption expenditure proxy for measuring income poverty in Tanzania: experience from AMMP demographic surveillance sites, Philip Setel, Savitri Abeyasekera, Patrick Ward, Yusuf Hemed, David Whiting, Robert Mswia and Man