One of the biggest challenges faced by meat producers today is the requirement to improve the quality of meat while maintaining focus on efficiency and higher yields. Numerous studies have shown that consumers are willing to pay premiums for meat products with guaranteed eating quality. This book examines the complicated multistep process of producing high-quality meat, from the growth of the animals to the final product. It discusses specific aspects of meat quality for beef, pork, and sheep.
Meat Quality: Genetic and Environmental Factors covers key topics such as animal welfare, nutrition, pre-slaughter handling, slaughter technology, breeding strategies, and the influence of common genetic factors on meat quality. It also discusses the latest meat production systems designed to ensure high-quality meat and the role of transgenic animal technology in meat quality. The book devotes separate chapters to beef, pork, and sheep quality, looking at the effects of breed, genetic type, gender, and age on meat quality.
The chapters are written by contributors from universities, research institutes, and breeding companies from different countries and continents. The chapters are based on the research and teaching experience of the contributors as well as on a critical evaluation of the current literature.
No other book available today covers the key issues regarding meat quality in such a comprehensive way. This book should be of keen interest to students of food technology, nutrition, commodities sciences, and animal sciences, as well as to food scientists and engineers who want to update their knowledge about the determinants of meat quality.
Table of Contents
Meat and Muscle Composition: Structure of Muscle, Chemical and Biochemical Constitution of Muscle, Nutritional Value. Species and Breed Characteristics
Véronique Santé-Lhoutellier and Edward Pospiech
Meat Quality of Slaughter Animals
Phillip E. Strydom, Danuta Jaworska, and Danuta Kołożyn-Krajewska
Conversion of Muscle to Meat
Qingwu W. Shen and Min Du
Impact of Animal Nutrition on Muscle Composition and Meat Quality
Eric N. Ponnampalam, Benjamin W.B. Holman, and Joseph P. Kerry
Terms of Farming and Animal Welfare and Meat Quality
Roman Kołacz and Robert Kupczyński
Preslaughter Handling, Welfare of Animals, and Meat Quality
Stress Reactivity, Stress at Slaughter, and Meat Quality
Claudia E.M. Terlouw
Slaughter-Line Operations and Their Effects on Meat Quality
Wiesław Przybylski, Joe M. Regenstein, and Andrzej Zybert
Breeding Strategies for Improving Meat Quality
Suzanne I. Mortimer and Wiesław Przybylski
Influence of Major Genes on Meat Quality
Nicola R. Lambe, Elzbieta Krzęcio-Nieczyporuk, Maria Koćwin-Podsiadła, and Lutz Bünger
Jean-Francois Hocquette, Dominique Bauchart, Didier Micol, Rod Polkingorne, and Brigitte Picard
Sheep Quality: Effect of Breed, Genetic Type, Gender, and Age on Meat Quality
David L. Hopkins
Transgenic Animal Technology and Meat Quality
Paul E. Mozdziak and James N. Petitte
Production of High-Quality Meat
Brad Y.H. Kim, Heather A. Channon, Darryl N. D’Souza, and David L. Hopkins
Wiesław Przybylski is the professorial head of the Department of Food Gastronomy and Food Hygiene in the Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences at the Warsaw University of Life Sciences. He was vice dean for research for four years (2008–2012). He studied at the Pedagogical-Agricultural University in Siedlce and received a master’s in animal science. He earned a PhD in animal science and then completed a 10-month postdoc scientific practice at the Station of Research of Meat in Theix and at the Station of Quantitative and Applied Genetics in Jouy en Josas (near Paris) of INRA (the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique) in France. He has authored 265 publications and 5 books for secondary schools and universities. His areas of research interest are the effect of environmental and genetic factors on meat quality, traditional foods, and applications of multidimensional statistical methods in food technology.
David L. Hopkins has two degrees from the University of Melbourne and earned his PhD at the University of New England focusing on biochemical mechanisms responsible for tenderization of meat. He worked for the Tasmanian Department of Agriculture for six years before moving into a newly created position with NSW DPI (Centre for Red Meat and Sheep Development). As a senior principal research scientist with a focus on meat science he has built a team of people, and currently supervises three technical staff, two scientists, and also supervises postgraduate students from around the world. He is the sole meat scientist in NSW DPI and has published extensively (more than 400 papers) on meat and carcass studies. He currently sits on the editorial board of two journals and is editor in chief of the journal Meat Science.